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Nazmiyal Antique Rugs
 

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JBOC's Notes on Oriental Rugs

Guide to Bordjalou rugs
 
Hagop Manoyan Antique RugsNazmiyal Antique Rugs

I am now convinced that Bordjalu should be and can be divided by it's three historic provinces, Marneuli, Gardabani and Bolnisi. I will soon get around to revising this page. In the mean time enjoy the rugs and you can follow my new line of reasoning  in The Daniels Collection Bordjalu Rugs

What is Borchali?

BRIEF HISTORY: The Sultanate of Borchali was located in the southeastern part of Georgia and in the eastern part of today's Turkey. At the beginning of the 18th century, Borchali was vassal of the Khanate of Ganja and in 1736 was ceded by Persian Emperor Nadir Shah Afshar to the Georgian Kingdom of Kartli-Kakheti. Borchali was composed of today's Georgian districts of Marneuli, Gardabani and Bolnisi

THE ALMANACH DE BRUXELLES

Type A Bordjalu Kazak rug

There seems a clear dichotomy in the rugs attributed to the Bordjalu area. Bordjalu is a collection point in southern Georgia for the area that runs up the southern ridge of the Caucasus south of Tbilisi. This is the quintessential Type A.

Since Borchalo was divided into three provinces; Marneuli, Gardabani and Bolnisi I suggest that we can construct a probable grouping by seeking to trifurcate the group. By taking the available rugs and dividing them into groups we end up with three logical groups. The easiest one is the Karayazy or Gardabani Group since there is a firm body of rugs and pictorial evidence to give us firm anchor rugs, So now we have two groups and two regions. Type A looks very close to examples that I feel have a high probability of being Armenian. Take for example Bennett, Ian et al. Oriental Rugs Volume 1 Caucasian. plate 69. The field is related to the Type A Bordjalu. The main border however is Armenian, Compare plate 69 to plate 140 a rug attributed to Erivan. Bolnisi is the southwestern most region of the Borchallo area. It historically has had the greatest concentration of Armenians.

If we attribute the Type A Borchally rugs to

Borchalo, Borchaly, Borcialu, Borchalo, Bor`calo

A Bordjalou Kazak rug, circa 1870,

Borchalo is an Azeri Turk city in the Republic of Georgia. It is now called Marneuli and was formally called Borchalo or Bor`calo until 1947. GEORGIA : urban population

Borchalo had a large Armenian population until the Armenia/Georgian war of 1918. Still has significant Armenian and Azeri population. The Bordchalu are a Hamadan area tribe. At some point there was a split and paret of the tribe ended up in the Kazak area of what is now the Republic og Georgia.

In about 1179 a young man who would grow up to be Cinggis Qahan (Ghengis Khan) was aided by the son of the Chieftain of the Arulat clan. The young man was Bo'orcu. He became one of Cinggis Qahan's Dorben Kulu'ud (Great Warriors). In the Yuan ch'ao pi-shih, quatrain 205, it is recorded that later in life Cinggis Qahan said "Let Bo'orcu govern the ten thousand of the right hand which take the Altai as pillow." In other words the Qahan gave a proto-tribal unit to a key general. I am certainly no linguist but I translate Borchalu as Bo'orcu Lu or the people of Bo'orcu. The Lu of Bo'orculu as coming from the same root as the Mongol term Ulus which means the land, animals, and people, that a that an IL or tribal group controls. These people became known as the Bo'orculu or people of Bo'orcu. Over the years Bo'orculu becomes Borchalu. So if Ford is correct and I believe he is that the Borchalu are Mongol than they must be descended from the Horde of Bo'orcu.

Map of the Kazak Area

Type B borjalu Rugs Chobanker Marneuli

I see a second clear cut group in Bordjalu Kazaks. There is a high probability that they are from the Marneuli province (Central  Bordjalu region) of the old Bordjalu Khanate.

y may be from Chobanker or Karayazay but at this point I see them as Central  Bordjalu region.

A Kazak rug Fachralo medallion, Bordjalu border

Skinner's 9/00 Lot 69 Bordjalu Kazak Rug

Chobanker Bordjalu Kazaks

This is a little used attribution but it appears to have some merit. In the Bordjalu group there is a distinctive sub-group. Hubel points out a blue-green color with clumsy reciprocal brown and white borders. i think they tend to be more square than standard Bordjalu Kazaks.

Chobanker Type:

# 20. Textile Treasures, Exhibition catalogue by Peter Willborg

"14 colors, warp Z3S, originally a pile height of 10 mm, now on an average of 6-7 mm"

http://www.rugreview.com/willborg.htm

Chobanker?

It is tempting to add this Bordjalu to the Chobanker group.  

Seen at http://www.skinnerinc.com/

Sale 2136 Lot 70

Bordjalou Kazak, Southwest Caucasus, last quarter 19th century, (small rewoven areas along edges and other areas, brown corrosion), 5 ft. 9 in. by 4 ft. 2 in.
Estimate $6,000-8,000

Seen at http://www.skinnerinc.com/

Sale 2136 Lot 76

Karachopf Kazak Rug, Southwest Caucasus, second half 19th century, (small rewoven areas, other small repairs, brown corrosion, even wear to center), 7 ft. 8 in. by 4 ft. 4 in.
Estimate $6,000-8,000

Seen at http://www.skinnerinc.com/

Sale 2136 Lot 1

Bordjalou Kazak Prayer Rug, Southwest Caucasus, last quarter 19th century, three hooked diamond medallions in navy blue, ivory, gold, and light blue-green on the red field, ivory and dark brown reciprocal trefoil border, (even wear to center, creases, brown corrosion), 4 ft. 2 in. by 3 ft. 5 in.
Estimate $2,000-3,000

My apology for the image, Skinner has small images but does have some interesting rugs

Seen at www.muenchen-textile-art.com

Adil Besim, Wien

The Adil Besim Bordjalu Kasak, Ende 19. JH. 138 x 123 c

m1010 Wien , Graben 30
Tel. +43(0)1-533 09 10 , FAX: +43(0)1-533 09 10-30
e-mail: office@adil-besim.at

The secondary and tertiary field medalions in this are related to field medalion in a rug from Karayazi Georgia in the Bordjalu region. Wright, Richard. Wertime, John. Caucasian Carpets and Covers plate 33.

The Karayazy Group

Karayazy became Gardabani in 1947. Plate 53 in Wright, Richard. Wertime, John. Caucasian Carpets and Covers shows a Bordjalo Kazak with some characteristics of Akstafa rugs.

A Karayazy Bordjalou Kazak rug

The Adil Besim Bordjalu Kasak

Kazak Borchalo Prayer Rug,

1913 Borjalu Kazak Rug

Stefano Filippi Bordjalu Prayer Rug

The Eitzenberger Bordjalou Kasak

A Borjalou rug Kazak Region, late 19th c.

Gardabani Bordjalu Kazak

Sotheby's Gardabani Kazak Rug lot 91

Sotheby's Bordjalu Kazak Tschebull's pl. 20

Sotheby's Gardabani Kazak rug lot 5

Sotheby's 2 diamond Gardabani Kazak

Skinner's "star-in-cruciform" Kazak Rug Lot 64

Skinner's Bordjalou dbl. diamond Kazak Prayer Rug

The Franz Bausback 4 Horse Gardabani Kazak rug

Sadykhly and Boyuk in Azerbaijan and the villages of Nazarly, Voyovka and Jandar in the Gardabani region of Georgia.

Irina Koshoridze
Borchalo Rugs
The historical fate of Georgia was significantly determined by its geographical location. Georgia has been invaded by many countries, which caused many hardships to the country, but relations to vary civilizations and their cultures helped Georgia to develop such cultural and life models in which religious and cultural tolerance among different populations had a leading place. One of the many examples would be Borchalo rugs, which have been created by the Azeri population of Georgia, who settled in Georgia in the XVI century. In these items one can see both their ancient homeland’s atmosphere and stylistic features of centuries-old Georgian culture. http://www.icr.arti.beniculturali.it/Icom-TXT/15-16/ICOCAbstractsE--L.html

"Shirak and Karayaz, on the left bank of the Kura, which are chiefly inhabited by nomad Tatars." http://91.1911encyclopedia.org/T/TI/TIFLIS.htm

Antique Prayer Rug
Item #140
SOLD
3'-7" x 5'-4"

Seen on www.pangaeacarpets.com

Seen on www.skinnerinc.com Sale 2192 Lot 221

Bordjalou Kazak Rug, Southwest Caucasus, late 19th century, four hooked diamonds inset with "checkerboard" design in navy and sky blue, ivory, gold, and blue-green on the red field, two reciprocal trefoil borders, one ivory and dark brown, one red and blue-green, (even wear to center, small repairs), 6 ft. 7 in. by 4 ft. 10 in.
Estimate $1,200-1,500

Bordjalou Rugs are part of the broader category of Caucasian Rugs and Caucasian Carpets

Antique Rugs | Oriental Rugs | Appraisals | Experts | RugRag.com

For Further Reading:

Thanks and best wishes,

J. Barry O'Connell Jr.

Index to JBOC's Rug Notes

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Index

A

B

C

D

E

F

G

H

I

J

K

L

M

N

O

P

Q

R

S

T

U

V

W

X

Y

Z

Bordjalou Kazak Rug

Van-Ham Kasak-Bordjaln, Südwest-Kaukasus

Van-Ham Kasak-Bordjalu. Südwest Kaukasus d. 1912

In about 1179 a young man who would grow up to be Cinggis Qahan (Ghengis Khan) was aided by the son of the Chieftain of the Arulat clan. The young man was Bo'orcu. He became one of Cinggis Qahan's Dorben Kulu'ud (Great Warriors). In the Yuan ch'ao pi-shih, quatrain 205, it is recorded that later in life Cinggis Qahan said "Let Bo'orcu govern the ten thousand of the right hand which take the Altai as pillow." In other words the Qahan gave a proto-tribal unit to a key general. I am certainly no linguist but I translate Borchalu as Bo'orcu Lu or the people of Bo'orcu. The Lu of Bo'orculu as coming from the same root as the Mongol term Ulus which means the land, animals, and people, that a that an IL or tribal group controls. These people became known as the Bo'orculu or people of Bo'orcu. Over the years Bo'orculu becomes Borchalu. So if Ford is correct and I believe he is that the Borchalu are Mongol than they must be descended from the Horde of Bo'orcu.