Map of the Malayir Region
The Malayir rug weaving area `begins north of Malayer around Goukar (Joukar) and continues south into the Borugerd area in North Luristan. In the west it ends at the Zagros mountains and in the east at the province of Markazi (Arak and the Sarouk area).
Detail of Back -
Ivan is correct of course. Malayers and Jozans can be very similar in appearance but are very different in structure. Here is the discussion Ivan mentioned:
Photos of back make it clear this is a Jozan. Note in the photos the rigid wefts is white and the sinuous weft is blue. http://groups.yahoo.com/group/OrientalRug/message/523
See also Jozan
South of Hamadan in the northern area of Lurestan. The area is populated heavily by Luri.
LURI (LUR, LOR, LORI) [LRI] 4,280,000 in Iran (1993) including 680,000 Bakhtiari (1989). Southwestern Iran, Lorestan and Ilam; Borujerd is center. Bakhtiari migrate mainly from Bakhtiari and Esfahan provinces (summer) to Khuzestan (winter). Mamasani and Kurdshuli in Fars Province; Bovir-Ahmadi in Boyer-Ahmadi Kohgiluyeh Province. Also in Iraq, USA. Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Western, Southwestern, Luri. Dialects: LURI, FEYLI, LEKI (LAKI, ALAKI), BAKHTIARI, KELHURI. Closely related to Kumzari. Ethnic groups: Lor, Bakhtiari (Haftlang, Chaharlang), Mamasani (perhaps 75,000 in 1982), Bovir-Ahmadi and Kuhgiluyeh (200,000 in 1982). Posht-Kuh: nomadic, Pish-Kuh: agriculturalists, Bakhtiari Haft-Lang: nomadic pastoralists: sheep, Bakhtiari Cahr-Lang: settled. Shi'a Muslim. Ethnologue: Iran
Dyes as Markers
Secondly, I have observed that across various rug groups the use of corrosive brown-black natural dyeing was often the last component of traditional natural dyeing practice to be discarded within a group, but its relative persistence was variable across groups. The super-fine Persian shop rugs of 1900-1925/1930, e.g., the Fereghan or Mishan Malayer so-called "Zili Sultan" rugs appeared to have used black synthetics at the same time they were used in the Istanbuli copies I described in the last Oriental Rug Review article. However, they invariably had other synthetics as well. I refer to Jacobsen's comments, in his 1962 book, on "Zeli Sultans" as often having a red that had badly run, indicating an early synthetic red. I have observed this runny red in several Fereghans of the type. By contrast, many tribal and semi-nomadic categories of Turkish, Turkoman, Persian, and Caucasian rugs used natural corrosive brown/black dyeing well into the 20th century. Dyes as Markers http://www.rugreview.com/5dyes.htm
For Further Reading:
Thanks and best wishes,
J. Barry O'Connell Jr.