a
Nazmiyal Antique Rugs
 
Oriental Rugs Oriental Carpets Persian Rugs Tribal Rugs

 
Hagop Manoyan Antique RugsNazmiyal Antique Rugs

Antique Hamadan Rugs and Carpets Persian Rug Guide

Map of the Hamadan Rug Producing Region
Map of the Hamadan Rug Producing Region

Hamadan:

Hamadan rugs fit into my "Persian Rugs the O'Connell Guides" section as a catch-all description of rugs from a broad area centering on Hamadan but extending into the surrounding provinces. These rug are predominantly woven by weavers who speak Persian or Turki and who are Shia Moslems. At one point I thought that many of the weavers were Kurdish but the facts fail to support that idea. I do however feel that many of the weavers are the descendents of refuges who moved to the region after the loss of the Persian Caucasus in the 19th century.

Antique Hamedan Persian Rug 43239 with browns and tans

Antique Hamedan Persian Rug 43844 with deep jewel tones

Antique Hamadan Persian Rug 45198 with diamond motif

Antique Hamedan Persian Rug 43302 with floral design

Persian Rugs: Antique Karaghosli Rug

Antique Karaghosli Rug

Turkish Knots in a Hamadan Rug

A look at the Turkish Knots in a Hamadan Rug fragment. I also include a discussion of knobby backs.
Perhaps the most important identifier is the knot. When you know the knot you are half way to identifying the rug.
Hamadan Rug Types by Weaving Center Persian Rugs: The J.P. Willborg Shirishabad Rug

The J.P. Willborg Shirishabad Rug

Single Weft Rugs

Ever since I started writing on the Internet I have felt a great difficulty in explaining structural details in a way that non-specialists can understand. Sure a small percentage get what I am describing but until now I have not been able to express my thoughts in an easy way.

This video comes closer to what I am trying to say. Let me know what you think.
Barry
JBOC@SpongoBongo.com

Related examples sorted by aproximate age: Persian Rugs: Antique Tuisarkhan Hamadan Village Rug C. 1900

Hamadan Rugs: Antique Tuisarkhan Hamadan Village Rug C. 1900

The Hamadan Rugs: Lavian Shahsavan Mafrash Panel 19th C. (Zanjan area)

Villa Hamadan Rugs: Del Prado - Orientalrugs II - Lilihan

The Hamadan Weave
Oriental Rugs: The Craycraft Blue Field Hamadan
Detail of Back -
The Craycraft Blue Field Hamadan
Here we can see the classic heavy single wefts of the tradition Hamadan.
Sennah" Baft" or Hamadan Rug Weave

Single weft is called "Sennah Baft" or Hamadan weave. Here the wefts are rigid and the warps are sinuous. As you can see in the sketch the wefts are heavier than the warps. It is woven with symmetrical knots. Since there is only one shot of weft between each row of knots this shows every other warp which makesthese rugs easy to spot.

Single Wefts in a Hamadan Rugs

Ever since I started writing on the Internet I have felt a great difficulty in explaining structural details in a way that non-specialists can understand. Sure a small percentage get what I am describing but until now I have not been able to express my thoughts in an easy way.

This video comes closer to what I am trying to say. Let me know what you think.
Barry
JBOC@SpongoBongo.com

Oriental Rugs: Antique Tuisarkhan Hamadan Village Rug C. 1900

Hamadan Rugs: Antique Tuisarkhan Hamadan Village Rug C. 1900

Articles and Links:

Alamdar- Alamdar Rugs

  • Village in Hamadan south of Malayir. Primarily blue ground fairly coarse rugs in dozar and zaronim sizes.
 

Borchalu: - Borchalu Rugs

In P. R. J. Ford's book Oriental Carpet Design Ford mentioned that the Borchalu were Mongol. That peaked my curiosity. If they are Mongol than I should be able to identify them since Mongols are well documented. Here is what I found:

In about 1179 a young man who would grow up to be Cinggis Qahan (Ghengis Khan) was aided by the son of the Chieftain of the Arulat clan. The young man was Bo'orcu. He became one of Cinggis Qahan's Dorben Kulu'ud (Great Warriors). In the Yuan ch'ao pi-shih, quatrain 205, it is recorded that later in life Cinggis Qahan said "Let Bo'orcu govern the ten thousand of the right hand which take the Altai as pillow." In other words the Qahan gave a proto-tribal unit to a key general. I am certainly no linguist but I translate Borchalu as Bo'orcu Lu or the people of Bo'orcu. The Lu of Bo'orculu as coming from the same root as the Mongol term Ulus which means the land, animals, and people, that a that an IL or tribal group controls. These people became known as the Bo'orculu or people of Bo'orcu. Over the years Bo'orculu becomes Borchalu. So if Ford is correct and I believe he is that the Borchalu are Mongol than they must be descended from the Horde of Bo'orcu.

W&W Borchalu Village rug
W&W Borchalu Village rug  

W&W Borchalu Village Rug
Borchalu Village rug W&W

 

Borujerd -Borujerdi Rugs

  • Borujerdi south of Hamadan in the northern area of Lurestan. The area is populated heavily by Luri.
 

Darjazin -Darjazin Rugs

  • Also Darjazine, coarse rugs in the style of American Sarouks. There is also a small production of finer traditional goods.

 

Enjilas - Enjilas Rugs

 

Hosseinabad - Hussainabad Rugs

  • Also Hussainabad. Huseinabad is south of the city of Hamadan close to Malayir. Almost out of the Hamadan region.
  • Huseinabad Rug Circa 1995
 

Kabutarhang- Kabutarhang Rugs

W&W Kabutarhang carpet
Kabutarhang carpet W&W

Kalajak - Kalajak Rug

 

Karaghosli- Karaghosli Rugs

 

Khamseh - Khamseh Rugs

 

Kolyai - Kolyai Rugs

 

Kurd - Kurd Rugs

 

x

Maslaghan- Maslaghan Rugs

Mehraban - Mehraban Rugs

  • Is an area North of Hamadan east of Cesme Bijar and south of Zanjan that produces single wefted rugs and runners in an American Sarouk style. There is also a Mehraban in Persian Azerbaijan near Heriz that produces Heriz type carpets.

Nehavend - Nehavend Rugs

Rudbar - Rudbar Rugs

  • Rudbar is located east of Hamadan and west of the holy city of Qum, near Tafrish. It is often thought to be near the Caspian sea but that is Rudbarak which produces a very different type of rug. The wool and sometimes the rugs themselves are attributed to the Saveh Shah Savan. Rudbar produces a variety of different size rugs including very good long runners. The rugs are made with single weft construction and wear well due to sturdy construction and a moderately high knot count (75 - 100 KPSI) using very good wool.

Sard Rud - Sard Rud Rugs

Shirishabad - Shirishabad Rugs

  • Shirishabad or Sirisabad is just north of Qorve which is on the main road halfway between Sanandag (sennah) and Hamadan.
  • Shirishabad is actually in Kurdistan. However the rug is considered in the Hamadan group today on the basis of construction. Still the weave is called "Sennah Baft" because it was traditional to the Sanandag (sennah) area.
  • The J.P. Willborg Shirishabad Rug

Tafresh - Tafrash Rugs

Tajabad - Tajabad Rugs

Taleghan - Taleghan Rugs

Zangan - Zangan Rugs

Thanks and best wishes,

J. Barry O'Connell Jr.

Persian Rugs the O'Connell Guides

Tabriz Rugs

Tabriz-Rugs

Tabriz-Rugs & Carpets

Kashmar Rugs

Antique Rugs | Oriental Rugs | Appraisals | Experts | RugRag.com

Isfahan Rugs

Hamadan Rugs

Mashad Rugs

Gabbeh Rugs

Heriz Rugs

Ardabil Rugs

Lylyan Rugs

Turkmen Rugs

Persian Rugs

Turkish Rugs

Suzani

Oriental Rugs

Persian Carpets

Baluch Rugs,

The Qashqai and Qashqai Rugs

Veramin Rugs

Tribal Rugs

Khotan-Rugs

Khotan-Carpets

Kirman-Rugs

Kirman-Carpets

Antique-Rugs

Antique-Carpets

Shahsevan-Rugs

Oushak-Rugs

Mashad-Rugs

Gabbeh-Rugs

Kurdish-Rugs

Index to JBOC's Rug Notes

How Do I Find An Honest Rug Dealer?

Index

A

B

C

D

E

F

G

H

I

J

K

L

M

N

O

P

Q

R

S

T

U

V

W

X

Y

Z