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JBOC's Notes on Oriental Rugs

 
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Antique Shirvan Rugs the O'Connell Guide

Shirvan is a former Khanate in the Caucasus. It is populated by primarily Azeri Turks. But there was a significant population of Armenians in the area west of Shemakha. Shirvan along with Kuba and Derbent are the primary Azeri weaving area. Shirvans are not as fine as Kubas but are better made than Derbends. Gennerally Shirvans are short pile rugs with a flat or near flat back.
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Antique Shirvan Rug 43311 with brick red, blues and tan design

Antique Shirvan Rug that I saw at Emmanuel's Rug Cleaning in Seattle

Antique Shirvan Rug with floral Botehs It has a date using the old Persian lunar corrected date that was discontinued in the 1920s. No repairs, even wear, full borders, it is in amazing condition. It was purchased by the owner's grandmother on a road trip through Persia in the early 1900s.

Akstafa

Where did the Akstafa rugs go? I decided that even though Akstafa Rugs are Azeri rugs structurally akin to Shirvan rugs they are woven in western Azerbaijan and Southeast Georgia and belong in their own group: Guide to Akstafa Rugs.

Shirvan Akstafa_Prayer Rug Last Q 19th c. htm

Oriental Rugs Caucasian Rugs Shirvan Rug Dated 1815
Shirvan Rug Dated 1815

Baku:

Bijov, Bidjov, or Bidshof

Oriental Rugs Caucasian Rugs late 19c. Kuba-Shirvan-rug
A late 19c. Kuba-Shirvan-rug



Two Cord Selvage in an Antique  
hirvan Rug
As soon as I saw this fragment it made me think of my dear friend and teacher (the late) Uncle Jimmy Keshishian. I took the Oriental Rug section of the appraisal Science course at George Washington University from Uncle Jimmy and I still draw back on what he taught me. When you see this selvage think Shirvan. Uncle Jimmy's brother Harold Keshishian has a saying that I like, "If you want to know what sort of car it is, read the hubcaps." In other words look for the easy to spot identifying clues.

A related rug is published in Wright, Richard. Wertime, John. Caucasian Carpets and Covers plate 30 attributed to the village of Maraza. See also Bennett, Ian et al. Oriental Rugs Volume 1 Caucasian plates 269 - 271.

Marasali Rugs

  • Shirvan Rugs:G uide To Marasali Rugs
  • Typical Shirvan Structure

    Some Important Books and Articles on Caucasian Rugs:

    Bennett, Ian et al. Oriental Rugs Volume 1 Caucasian.

    Der Manuelian, L. and M. Eiland: Weavers, Merchants and Kings, Inscribed Rugs from Armenia

    Kaffel, Ralph. Caucasian Prayer Rugs

    Keshishian, James Mark. Inscribed Armenian Rugs of Yesteryear.

    Schurmann, Ulrich. Caucasian Rugs.

    Stone, P.F. Rugs of the Caucasus: Structure and Design.

    Togan, Z.V., The Origins of the Kazaks and the ‘zbeks, edited and translated by H.B. Paksoy

    Wright, Richard. Wertime, John. Caucasian Carpets and Covers

    A late 19c. Kuba-Shirvan-rug

    Fireworshippers' Temple at Atashgah, BAKU

    Fireworshippers' Temple at Atashgah, not far from Baku's International Airport, was built by Zoroastrians (Parsees from India). Today a fire fed by gas into the center of the cupola burns constantly. 10.2 An Overview - Baku: City that Oil Built - by Farid Alakbarov

    Eastern Shirvan has been an impotant area for thousands of years. To the left we see a fire temple near Baku.

    Thanks and best wishes,

    J. Barry O'Connell Jr.

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