JBOC's Notes on Oriental Rugs

Guide to Abadeh Rugs

 

Abadeh Persian Rugs

Over the last 50 years Abadeh rugs have emerged as a recognizable group in the marketplace. Abadeh is a market town half way between Isfahan and Shiraz on the main road. It is traditionally where the Qashqai in their north/south seasonal migration would cross the highway. Consequentially it was an important market town and one that most Qashqai were familiar with. The Pahlavi Shahs, Reza Shah and his son who was overthrown Mohammad Reza Shah feared the Qashqai since they represented a mobile armed Turkic speaking block that was not completely under the thumb of the Shah. To mitigate the risk the Pahlavi would periodically pressure the Qashqai to settle. Abadeh was an area that drew many settling Qashqai. They knew the town and besides twice a year they could see their cousins and other family who had not settled. In addition to the settling Qashqai there were also Lori and Afshari in the Abadeh area. To the left is a fine example of an old Lori Abadeh rug.

Abadeh Persian Rugs

Abadeh Rug Circa 1920 Rippon Boswell Lot 78

Abadeh rug by the Feili Lors Circa 1920
Once settled the tribal woman were able to weave more of the year on larger and better looms making larger and better rugs. Sides were straighter and knot counts higher. with better looms they used cotton since to the weaver it makes a better rug. From this comes the rugs that we know today as Abadeh.

The Difference between a Shiraz rug and an Abadeh Rug

Shiraz rugs can look very similar but there are a few differences. Shiraz rugs are more likely to have a wool foundation and Abadeh rugs a cotton foundation. Shiraz rugs tend to be coarser (around 60 kpsi) while Abadeh rugs tend to be finer (over 80 kpsi). Abadeh rugs are more likely to have blue cotton wefts.

Abadeh Tappeto Persiano From tappetiantichi

When is an Abadeh rug not an Abadeh rug?

An Abadeh rug is and must be made in Iran. While surveying Abadeh rugs in the market place I noticed some deceptive advertising. One seller listed Abadeh rugs that were made of olefin. Real Abadeh rugs are never made of petroleum byproducts. Another seller listed a rug that looked like an Abadeh with this header, "Oriental Rug Persian Abadeh 6x9. Yayla Item number: 7312670206". Only in the details did they mention it was made in India. In my opinion that is a good example of deceptive advertising.

Index to my Rug Notes

Persian Rugs Search Engine

Chinese Rugs Guide

Persian Rugs

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Baluch Rugs

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People

Discussion

New York Times Article

Greek Rugs

The Hazara

Islamic Art

Kirghis Rugs

The Pazyryk Carpet

McMullan on the Pazaryk

Moroccan Carpets

Rugs of Palestine

Rugs and Textiles

Major Rug Sites

Notes on the Shaykh Lutfallah Mosque

Time and Links

Guide to the Best Rug Societies

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Guide to the Best Carpet Producers and Dealers of Turkey

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Naein Rugs By Ehsan Afzalzadeh Naini Of Iran Rug Co.

Guide to the Best Carpet Producers and Dealers of Iran

Guide to the Best Auction Houses

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Guide to the Best Carpet Cleaners and Restorers

Guide to the Best Carpet Producers and Dealers of Central Asia

Guide to the Best Rug & Carpet Appraisers

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