|A valued friend of Persian carpets in
President Mohammad Khatami has named Seyed Hossein
Mar'ashi Vice President and chairman of the Organization of Cultural
Heritage and Tourism. Mar'ashiis well known to people in the world of
Oriental Rugs with his important work in revitalizing the Kerman rug
I had the chance to speak with Tom Atiyeh of Atiyeh
International, LTD. who credits Vice President Mar'ashi with
being very instrumental in the return of Atiyeh International to
Kerman. Atiyeh praised Mar'ashi for his crucial work in aiding the
economic progress and development of Kerman. After a long history in
was one of the many American producers who withdrew from Iran after the
fall of the Shah and the resulting difficulties.
See my Notes on Vice President Seyed Hossein
President Seyed Hossein Mar'ashi
Photo Credit mellat.majlis.ir/archive
|Kerman Rug, Kerman
proper and the surrounding area, Iran.
Size: All sizes
made up to 15 by 30
Structure: Asymmetrical knot
open to the left. 100 to 400 knots per square inch. Grades:
70/35 - 160 kpsi, 80/40 - 210 kpsi, 90/45 - 265 kpsi, 100/50
- 330 kpsi.
Yarn Spin: Z.
Warp: White cotton
Weft: 2 or 3 shots cotton. 3
shots is seen in the older
Pile: 2 wool singles.
Ends: Overhand knots with
Selvages: 1 cord plain wool.
Handle: Light - medium.
Raver or Laver Kerman became
known for the best Kerman Persian
Raver was a town 120 miles from Kerman where the Atiyeh family owned a
large number of looms. Through the 20th century the Atiyehs were a
major or perhaps the major producer of Kerman carpets. It only stopped
when due to the Islamic revolution and ensuing difficulties they
shifted production to China.
Other villages besides Raver include Mahan,
Jupar, Rafsanjani, Kupayeh district, Chatrud, Khanuk, Hudk, Sarasiab,
Dewziah, Seredar, Mazabad, Gok, and Zarand.
The best books on Kerman rugs are The
Persian Carpet by Cecil
Edwards and Oriental
Carpet Design. by PRJ Ford. Edwards
praised Kerman carpets extensively and felt they were the best of
Persia and best in the world. he noted that due to the use of roller
looms they were weaving up to 15 by 30 foot carpets.
noted that the top designers were:
- Mohsen Khan,
- Hassan Khan (his son) died 1945.
- Ahmed Khan (his Grandson)
- Ahmed Khan,
- Ahmed Ali Khan,
- Zeman Khan,
- Sheikh Hossein,
- Ali Riza.
Carpets are very similar to Kerman carpets in design but use thicker
yarn giving a lower knot count. Yezd
carpets are sturdier and do not have the fake field knots seen in some
Hamadan city rugs may
look like a Kerman but have symmetrical knots
Borchalu may resemble
Kerman rugs but are single wefted.
Kashmar rugs from Khorasan
may look like a Kerman but are more flexible with finer warps and wefts.
There is a very small
production of Kermanshah carpets and most of the Kermanshah carpets are
really the old style Kerman.
Kerman Village & Tribal:
Articles - Sources on Kerman Rugs:
J. Barry O'Connell Jr.
Copyright Barry O'Connell 2004 -
March 22, 2009.
Rugs the O'Connell Guides
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