Antique Persian Heriz Ru
g Nazmiyal 44802
Courtesy of the Nazmiyal Collection New York City's leading dealer of Antique Oriental Rugs
Style: Heriz-Serapi Rug Origin: Persian Rugs Size: 6 ft 5 in x 8 ft 6 in (1.96 m x 2.59 m)
few Antique Heriz Rug are in traditional rug sizes (7 by 10 feet or
smaller). The smallest common size for Antique Persian Heriz Rugs is 8 by 11
feet and many are substantially larger. Their size, origin, and history
of the region has cause me to to believe that Heriz rugs are the direct
descendants of the great Caucasian Dragon rugs.
on Bakshaish Rugs and Carpets
on Serab and Serapi Rugs and Carpets
to Heriz Silk Rugs & Carpets
In the 18th - 20th centuries there
have been a constant series of upheavals between Russia and her Muslim
neighbors to the south. Every time Russia and Turkey fought Muslims
moved south and Armenians moved north. Many of the weavers from the
Heriz area are a result of emagration from what is now Armenia and
The great German rug expert Heinrich Jacoby described a
difference in size pre-1880 and post-1880. In the pre-1880 period Jacoby
suggests that the most common size was 6 feet 6 inches by 13 feet. This
length equals twice width seems typical in that period before the
massive commercial export period. Long and narrow was in keeping with
the needs of the Persian buyer. After 1880 production shifted to
European sizes. Starting with 6 meter rugs (6 feet 7 inches by 9 foot
10 inches) they were made in sizes typically up to 16 foot 6 inch by 26
Heinrich. How To Know Oriental Rugs and Carpets
This is not representative of what we see at the major
auctions houses who regularly show carpets in European sizes back to
A discussion of Color in Gorevan
Carpets From Heriz
In classic style Gorevan Heriz
there are 3 different color groups and the difference can many thousand
dollars in in similar design carpets.
New Heriz - Even with the new
antique washes color seems a rather hard and they usually have the
bright red, white, and blue of the American flag. These are generally
new, not very expensive, and in the US virtually all smuggled.
Older Heriz - Color is mellowed
and the rug should have lost much of it's hard brashness. Once the
color ages and mellows a Heriz becomes worth more in the marketplace
than a new one.
Heriz - No harsh colors the reds are now rust tones and the Heriz takes
on a very elegant look. These rugs cost substantially more but the
marketplace judges that the look justifies the price. In the United
Stated Antique Heriz
carpets with this color are often called Serapi.
Heriz proper,and the surrounding area.
Size: medium and large carpets are common.
Structure: Symmetrical knot. 25 to 80 kpsi with up
to 100 knots per square inch in rare cases.
Yarn Spin: Z.
Weft: 2 shots cotton. First shot is thicker and straight and the second
is thinner and sinuous. Deeply depressed knots with a warp offset of 85
to 90 degrees.
Pile: 2 wool singles.
Ends: Overhand knots with warp fringe.
Selvages: 1 cord plain wool.
Handle: Light - medium.
Further Notes: Heriz and Tabriz carpets have heavier cotton warps and
wefts than most Persian rugs.
Heriz carpet C. 1930-40 W&W lot 182
- Karaja Rugs &
New rugs from Heriz Area
& Articles - Sources on Kashan Rugs:
Iran Accounts for Five Percent of
World Copper Reserves and One Percent of World Copper Production
The 2.6 billion ton copper reserves of Iran with a purity of 0.8
percent on the average are located in Sarcheshmeh and Songun both in
Kerman Province and Meiduk near the city of Ahar in East Azarbaijan
Province. The Sarcheshmeh copper quarry with a total proven reserves of
1.2 billion tons are among the world's largest copper quarries. The
average purity of copper ore yielded by this quarry is 1.12 percent.
The copper quarries of Meiduk in Shahr-e Babak, Kerman Province have a
total proven reserves of 145 million tons. The Songun quarries near the
city of Ahar, East Azarbaijan Province, possess proven reserves of 660
million tons and probable reserves of 1.5 billion tons with a purity of
(Commercial Review; The Magazine of
the Institute for Commercial Studies & Research (Monthly) ,
Jan. 1998, No. 125 Pages: 87-90) http://www.salamiran.org/Magazine/BackIssues/October98/Article.html
Rugs on Squidoo
J. Barry O'Connell Jr.
Copyright Barry O'Connell 2004 -
April 04, 2010.
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