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Nazmiyal Antique Rugs
 
JBOC's Notes on Oriental Rugs

Antique Heriz Rugs & Carpets Guide


 
Hagop Manoyan Antique RugsNazmiyal Antique Rugs

Heriz Rugs Persian Rugs Oriental Rugs Heriz Carpet Circa 1900 Rippon-Boswell lot 41

Heriz Carpet Circa 1900 Rippon-Boswell lot 41

Guide to Antique Heriz Rugs & Carpets

Heriz rugs fit into my "Persian Rugs the O'Connell Guides" section as a group of related rugs of rugs centering around Mount Sabalan. These rug are predominantly woven by weavers who speak Southern Azeri and who are Shia Muslims. I do however feel that many of the weavers are the descendants of refuges who moved to the region after the loss of the Persian Caucasus in the 19th century.

Heriz Rugs are made in the Heriz district about 40 miles west of Tabriz in Northwest Iran. The Heriz rugs reflect a geometric rendering of Tabriz designs. Heriz is the market center collection point for the rugs from region in Iran in-between Tabriz and Ardabil. Heriz is one of the more important production areas for the US market. The wool is excellent and the construction is sound making hard-wearing durable carpets. Next to Bijar Rugs these are some of the toughest Persian carpets.

Ahar is the northern end of the region and produces the most curvilinear carpets. It runs east to Sarab, south to Duz Duzan and west to Bilverdi. There are various grades of Heriz rugs from finest to coarsest they are Ahar Rugs, Mehraban, Serapi, Bakshaish, and Gorevan. They use a cotton foundation and the knot counts average from 25 to 80 per square inch.

Antique Heriz Rugs: Vojtech Blau Heriz Circa 1880 Sotheby's Lot 48

Antique Heriz Rugs: Heriz Carpet Last Quarter 19th Sotheby's Lot 644

Antique Heriz Rugs: Heriz Carpet Circa 1900 Sotheby's Lot 658

Antique Heriz Rugs: Heriz Carpet Circa 1880 Sotheby's Lot 347

Antique Heriz Rugs: Heriz Carpet 1st quarter 20th Sotheby's Lot 661

Antique Heriz Rugs: Heriz Carpet circa 1900 Sotheby's Lot 653

Heriz_Rugs_Heriz_Carpet_circa_1900_Sothebys_Lot_1257

Antique Heriz Rugs: Heriz Carpet circa 1890 Sotheby's Lot 1254

Style: Heriz-Serapi Rug Origin: Persian Rugs Size: 6 ft 5 in x 8 ft 6 in (1.96 m x 2.59 m)
Antique Persian Heriz Ru
g Nazmiyal 44802
Courtesy of the Nazmiyal Collection New York City's leading dealer of Antique Oriental Rugs
Style: Heriz-Serapi Rug Origin: Persian Rugs Size: 6 ft 5 in x 8 ft 6 in (1.96 m x 2.59 m)
Relatively few Antique Heriz Rug are  in traditional rug sizes (7 by 10 feet or smaller).  The smallest common size for  Antique Persian Heriz Rugs  is 8 by 11 feet and many are substantially larger. Their size, origin, and history of the region has cause me to to believe that Heriz rugs are the direct descendants of the great Caucasian Dragon rugs.

Notes on Bakshaish Rugs and Carpets

Notes on Serab and Serapi Rugs and Carpets

Guide to Heriz Silk Rugs & Carpets

In the 18th - 20th centuries there have been a constant series of upheavals between Russia and her Muslim neighbors to the south. Every time Russia and Turkey fought Muslims moved south and Armenians moved north. Many of the weavers from the Heriz area are a result of emagration from what is now Armenia and Azerbaijan.

The great German rug expert Heinrich Jacoby described a difference in size pre-1880 and post-1880. In the pre-1880 period Jacoby suggests that the most common size was 6 feet 6 inches by 13 feet. This length equals twice width seems typical in that period before the massive commercial export period. Long and narrow was in keeping with the needs of the Persian buyer. After 1880 production shifted to European sizes. Starting with 6 meter rugs (6 feet 7 inches by 9 foot 10 inches) they were made in sizes typically up to 16 foot 6 inch by 26 feet. Jacoby, Heinrich. How To Know Oriental Rugs and Carpets

This is not representative of what we see at the major auctions houses who regularly show carpets in European sizes back to 1800.

A discussion of Color in Gorevan Carpets From Heriz

In classic style Gorevan Heriz there are 3 different color groups and the difference can many thousand dollars in in similar design carpets.

  • New Heriz - Even with the new antique washes color seems a rather hard and they usually have the bright red, white, and blue of the American flag. These are generally new, not very expensive, and in the US virtually all smuggled.

  • Older Heriz - Color is mellowed and the rug should have lost much of it's hard brashness. Once the color ages and mellows a Heriz becomes worth more in the marketplace than a new one.

  • Antique Heriz - No harsh colors the reds are now rust tones and the Heriz takes on a very elegant look. These rugs cost substantially more but the marketplace judges that the look justifies the price. In the United Stated Antique Heriz carpets with this color are often called Serapi.

Heriz Rugs Persian Rugs Oriental Rugs Serapi Northwest Persia, Azerbaijan, 2nd half 19th century

A Serapi Northwest Persia, Azerbaijan, 2nd half 19th century

Serapi Carpets & Rugs

Heriz Rug
Heriz proper,and the surrounding area.
Size: medium and large carpets are common.
Structure: Symmetrical knot.  25 to 80  kpsi with up to 100 knots per square inch in rare cases.
Yarn Spin: Z.
Warp: Cotton
Weft: 2 shots cotton. First shot is thicker and straight and the second is thinner and sinuous. Deeply depressed knots with a warp offset of 85 to 90 degrees.
Pile: 2 wool singles.
Ends: Overhand knots with warp fringe.
Selvages: 1 cord plain wool.
Handle: Light - medium.
Further Notes: Heriz and Tabriz carpets have heavier cotton warps and wefts than most Persian rugs.
Heriz Rugs Persian Rugs Oriental Rugs Gorevan Heriz carpet C. 1930-40 W&W lot 182

Gorevan Heriz carpet C. 1930-40 W&W lot 182

Heriz Rugs Persian Rugs Oriental Rugs Heriz Carpet Circa 1900

Circa 1900 Heriz Carpet

Medallion Heriz Carpets

Heriz Rugs Persian Rugs Oriental Rugs Heriz Carpet c. 1900 Sotheby's lot 264

Sotheby's Heriz Carpet c. 1900 lot 264

Heriz Carpets without Medallions:

Antique Heriz Rugs: Heriz Carpet C. 1900 Sotheby's lot 84

Antique Heriz Rugs: Heriz Afshan Carpet late 19th c. Sotheby's lot 135

Antique Heriz Rugs: Heriz Runner Late 19th c. Rippon-Boswell lot 43

Antique Heriz Rugs: The Appell Heriz Carpet c. 1890 Sotheby's lot 1260

Antique Heriz Rugs: Heriz Carpet c. 1900 Sotheby's lot 264

Antique Heriz Carpet Lot 68 Early 20th C Skinners Oct 2005

Antique Heriz Rugs: Heriz Rug Lot 163 Early 20th C Skinners Oct 2005

Antique Heriz Rugs: Heriz carpet C. 1920 W&W lot 199

Antique Heriz Rugs: Heriz rug W&W lot 15

Heriz Rugs Persian Rugs Oriental Rugs Bakshaish Rug circa 1800 Sotheby's Lot 106

Sotheby's Bakshaish Rug circa 1800 Lot 106

Bakshaish Carpets


See Notes on Antique Bakshaish Rugs and Carpets

Heriz Rugs Persian Rugs Oriental Rugs Aryeh silk and brocaded metal thread Heriz 19thC.Sotheby's lot 38

Sotheby's The Aryeh Antique silk and brocaded metal thread Heriz 19thC. lot 38

Heriz Silk Carpets


Guide to Antique Heriz Silk Rugs & Carpets

Heriz Rugs Persian Rugs Oriental Rugs Ahar Carpet W&W

W&W Ahar Carpet

Ahar Carpets


Karaja - Karaja Rugs & Carpets

Related examples:

New rugs from Heriz Area

Similar Rugs

  • Copies are made in Egypt, India, Pakistan, and Romania.

Books & Articles - Sources on Kashan Rugs:

Heriz Links:

Iran Accounts for Five Percent of World Copper Reserves and One Percent of World Copper Production
The 2.6 billion ton copper reserves of Iran with a purity of 0.8 percent on the average are located in Sarcheshmeh and Songun both in Kerman Province and Meiduk near the city of Ahar in East Azarbaijan Province. The Sarcheshmeh copper quarry with a total proven reserves of 1.2 billion tons are among the world's largest copper quarries. The average purity of copper ore yielded by this quarry is 1.12 percent. The copper quarries of Meiduk in Shahr-e Babak, Kerman Province have a total proven reserves of 145 million tons. The Songun quarries near the city of Ahar, East Azarbaijan Province, possess proven reserves of 660 million tons and probable reserves of 1.5 billion tons with a purity of 0.7 percent.

(Commercial Review; The Magazine of the Institute for Commercial Studies & Research (Monthly) , Jan. 1998, No. 125 Pages: 87-90) http://www.salamiran.org/Magazine/BackIssues/October98/Article.html

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J. Barry O'Connell Jr.

Copyright Barry O'Connell 2004 - 2007.
Last revised: April 04, 2010.

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