a
Nazmiyal Antique Rugs
 
   
JBOC's Notes on Oriental Rugs

Guide To Antique Kuba Rugs
 
Hagop Manoyan Antique RugsNazmiyal Antique Rugs

Kuba Rugs were considered the best rugs of the Caucasus when they were originally produced. Kuba as a Khanate was primarily populated by the 5 Lezgi peoples and the rugs appear to have been made by Lezgi (largest of the Lezgi Ethno-Linguistic group)and Tabassaran weavers. the Lezgi/Tabassaran weave is a denser than most Caucasian Rugs, symmetrically knotted, ribbed back and tends towards blue selvages. It has been suggested to me that Lezgi sub-group of Lezgi run a supplementary weft several inch into the field at irregular intervals. I find this plausible but not provable... yet..
 Special thanks to my old friend Richard Rothstein  of www.richardrothstein.com one of the Mid Atlantic's top Oriental rug dealers who helped me with the above video
Kuba Rugs often tend towards darker hues but this one is vry bright and light for a Kuba Rug. I shot this video at Hagop Manoyan's shop on 37 East 28th st. Suite 502  in NYC. Hagop specializes in greatt collectable rugs and textiles.

Kuba also Quebah, Cuba, Guba etc....

Kuba was a Khanate of Persia (a Khanate is equivalent to a state or region in the old Persian system. Kaffel dates the transfer of Kuba to the Czarist Russians to 1806. Kaffel, Caucasian Prayer Rugs page 30.

How old then is the city of Kuba? In Early Caucasian Rugs Charles Grant Ellis quotes the Encyclopedia of Islam that Kuba "did not exist until C, 1750. Early Caucasian Rugs page 10. I have heard the same from John Wertime discounting Kuba because it was not established until the mid 18th century. (Conversation at Hajji Baba meeting at Wendell Swan's house with John Wertime) The problem with this is that the United States Embassy confirms the existence of a 16th-century fortress that dominates the city of Kuba. http://www.usembassybaku.org/post/city.htm Additionally in the Khanalyg suburb of Kuba there is a 9th century A.D. Zoroastrian temple. http://geo.ya.com/travelimages Quba.html Obviously Kuba was a population center well before 1750. How the Encyclopedia of Islam managed to be so wrong is an open question however since I just finished writing part of the Encyclopedia of Modern Asia (Scribners late 2002) I will note that any Encyclopedia is only as good as its authors and editors.

Kuba is the language of a subgroup of the Lezgians and Kuba (Quba) is a dialect that is rather distinct from Lezgi. Ethnologue: Azerbaijan.

  • Kuba Also Quba, and Quebah.
  • Kuba is both a city and an area and in previous times it was a Khanate. It is south of Derbend and the area takes in the lowland Azeri speakers.
  • Kuba also refers to those people who speak Kuba as their milk language.
  • QUBA
    • "While a 16th-century fortress dominates this town, most people go to Quba to see the hundreds of apple orchards. In the spring, the area is fragrant with the scent of apple blossoms. The town is also a center of carpet making -- tour a plant or do some shopping (Azerbaijanis will tell you that Cuba rugs are the best in the region). Along with Sumgait, Quba is generally seen as part of a long day trip from Baku. 100 mi./165 km northwest of Baku. " http://www.usembassybaku.org/post/city.htm

 

Click image for larger version

 Antique Kuba Rug 44027 with lattice work and floral design


Map adapted from www.calle.com

A few related examples:

Alpan - Alpan Rugs

Four Harshang Derivative Village Rugs

Karagashli

Perepidil

Seichur

Zeijwa/Zejwa rugs

Antique Kuba Rugs: Antique Bird and Rosette Chila Main border

Kuba Antique Herati Rug

Kuba Antique Herati Rug

The Keshishian Antique Alpan Rug Fragment

The Keshishian Antique Alpan Rug Fragment.

Antique Karagashli Kuba Rug? _ Lesg

Antique Karagashli Kuba Rug? _ Lesghi

Typical Antique Kuba Rug Structure

Structure: Symmetrical. averages averages of 113 kpsi and average size of 27 square feet. Oriental Rug Lexicon.

Yarn: Spin: Z.

Warp: Depressed alternate Warps . 2 ply warps wool white or tan. Some 3 ply in older rugs.

Weft: 2 shots of 2 ply wool or cotton. Cotton - white wool can be white to brown.

Pile: 2 Wool singles.

Ends: May have band of Sumac at either end. Dr, Murray Eiland Jr. does not expect loops at one end but rather both ends the same. Eiland and Eiland, pg. 284. Many examples have plainweave skirt and warp fringe.

Selvages: two warp unit reinforced white cotton selvage sometimes blue. One warp unit (cord) reinforced in very old examples. One reinforced warp unit in red wool is seen in Karagashli rugs.

Notes:

  • Kuba two cord white cotton selvage

  • 2 shoots

  • May have band of Sumac at either end. Dr, Murray Eiland Jr. does not expect loops at one end but rather both ends the same. Eiland and Eiland, pg. 284

  • Notes: Pete Stone mentions averages of 113 kpsi and average size of 27 square feet. Oriental Rug Lexicon. He also notes that Karagashli Kubas average 144 kpsi and on average are small. Oriental Rug Lexicon

  • Zejwa Rugs

    • Notes: Stone mentions that Zejwa are the largest of the Kuba rugs at about 40 square feet and average 90 kpsi. He also noted that they are usually all wool. Oriental Rug Lexicon page 258.


Some Important Books On Caucasian Rugs:

Bennett, Ian et al. Oriental Rugs Volume 1 Caucasian.

Der Manuelian, L. and M. Eiland: Weavers, Merchants and Kings, Inscribed Rugs from Armenia

Kaffel, Ralph. Caucasian Prayer Rugs

Keshishian, James Mark. Inscribed Armenian Rugs of Yesteryear.

Schurmann, Ulrich. Caucasian Rugs.

Stone, P.F. Rugs of the Caucasus: Structure and Design.

Tschebull, Raoul. Kazak.

Wright, Richard. Wertime, John. Caucasian Carpets and Covers

Older Caucasian Rugs

Ellis, Charles Grant. Early Caucasian Rugs. Washington DC: The Textile Museum, 1975.

Yetkin, Serare. Early Caucasian Carpets in Turkey

Caucasian Bags

Hegenbart, Heinz and Adil Besim: Rare Oriental Woven Bags. Munich: 1982.

Wertime, J. SUMAK BAGS OF NORTHWEST PERSIA AND TRANSCAUCASIA. 1998,

Articles that you may be interested in:

Oriental Rugs: Practical Seminar on Caucasian Rugs by James M. Keshishian

A Dragon Pile Rug A Discussion

Keshishian Collection of Caucasian Rugs at the TM

Chelaberd Medallion Evolution 1592 - 1912

Dragon Rug Dyes


Internet Links:

www.Jozan.net Kuba Rugs & Carpets

Anglo-Kabarda Horse

Caucasus - Treasures of St. Petersburg

For Further Reading:

Antique Rugs | Oriental Rugs | Appraisals | Experts | RugRag.com

Thanks and best wishes,

J. Barry O'Connell Jr.

Index to JBOC's Rug Notes

How Do I Find An Honest Rug Dealer?

Index

A

B

C

D

E

F

G

H

I

J

K

L

M

N

O

P

Q

R

S

T

U

V

W

X

Y

Z

Persian Rugs the O'Connell Guides

 

Antique Agra Rugs
Antique Alcaraz Rugs
Antique Amristar Rugs
Antique Bakshaish Rugs
Antique Bessarabian Rugs
Antique Bezalel Rugs
Antique Bidjar Rugs
Antique Bijar Rugs
Antique Cairene Rugs
Antique Chinese Rugs
Antique Ghiordes Rugs
Antique Hereke Rugs
Antique Heriz Rugs
Antique Karabagh Rugs
Antique Kashan Rugs
Antique Kerman Rugs
Antique Khorassan Rugs
Antique Khotan Rugs
Antique Konya Rugs
Antique Oushak Rugs
Antique Sarouk Farahan
Antique Serapi Rugs
Antique Senneh Rugs
Antique Sultanabad Rugs
Antique Tabriz Rugs
Antique Tabriz Haji Jalili Rugs


Guide to the Best Oriental Rug and Carpet Cleaners and Restorers of Arizona

Guide to the Best Oriental Rug and Carpet Cleaners and Restorers of California

Guide to the Best Oriental Rug and Carpet Cleaners and Restorers of Canada

Guide to the Best Oriental Rug and Carpet Cleaners and Restorers of Colorado

Guide to the Best Oriental Rug and Carpet Cleaners and Restorers of Connecticut

Guide to the Best Oriental Rug and Carpet Cleaners and Restorers of England

Guide to the Best Oriental Rug and Carpet Cleaners and Restorers of Florida

Guide to the Best Oriental Rug and Carpet Cleaners and Restorers of Georgia

Guide to the Best Oriental Rug and Carpet Cleaners and Restorers of Illinois

Guide to the Best Oriental Rug and Carpet Cleaners and Restorers of Indiana

Guide to the Best Oriental Rug and Carpet Cleaners and Restorers of Italy

Guide to the Best Oriental Rug and Carpet Cleaners and Restorers of Louisiana

Guide to the Best Oriental Rug and Carpet Cleaners and Restorers of Maryland

Guide to the Best Oriental Rug and Carpet Cleaners and Restorers of Michigan

Guide to the Best Oriental Rug and Carpet Cleaners and Restorers of Missouri

Guide to the Best Oriental Rug and Carpet Cleaners and Restorers of Nevada

Guide to the Best Oriental Rug and Carpet Cleaners and Restorers of New Hampshire

Guide to the Best Oriental Rug and Carpet Cleaners and Restorers of New Jersey

Guide to the Best Oriental Rug and Carpet Cleaners and Restorers of New Mexico

Guide to the Best Oriental Rug and Carpet Cleaners and Restorers of New York

Guide to the Best Oriental Rug and Carpet Cleaners and Restorers of North Carolina

Guide to the Best Oriental Rug and Carpet Cleaners and Restorers of Oregon

Guide to the Best Oriental Rug and Carpet Cleaners and Restorers of Pennsylvania

Guide to the Best Oriental Rug and Carpet Cleaners and Restorers of Rhode Island

Guide to the Best Oriental Rug and Carpet Cleaners and Restorers of Scotland

Guide to the Best Oriental Rug and Carpet Cleaners and Restorers of South Carolina

Guide to the Best Oriental Rug and Carpet Cleaners and Restorers of Texas

Guide to the Best Oriental Rug and Carpet Cleaners and Restorers of Tennessee

Guide to the Best Oriental Rug and Carpet Cleaners and Restorers of Turkey

Guide to the Best Oriental Rug and Carpet Cleaners and Restorers of Washington

Guide to the Best Oriental Rug and Carpet Cleaners and Restorers of Wisconsin