Ganja Rugs the O'Connell
Both Armenian Rugs and Azeri Rugs have come from Ganja
Province. Ganja was a Persian Azeri city under the Persian Shah's
control before the Russian occupation. There as a minority but
significant Armenian population controlled by the Melik of Ganja. When
the Russian Czarist troop solidified control over the city it was
renamed Elisavetspol and it quickly became a Russianized city. Since
the Armenian Church and Meliks were Christian and were instrumental in
defeating the Persians the Armenians gained immensely in stature.
Armenians began to move to Ganja from Safavid Persia and Ottoman
Turkey. Ganja became a staging area for the war that led to the Russian
triumph over the Persians in Erevan/Yerevan/Present Day Armenia in
1828. Today there are few Armenians in the Province of Ganja.
- Gyandzha, Azerbaijan also spelled Gendge,
Gäncä, GÄNJÄ, GANDZHA, GJANDZA, OR GYANDZHA
- Situated on the main highway and rail line to
Georgia. The city, considered the country's literary center, is
prettier than most Azerbaijani towns and retains a strong German
influence in its architecture. The road from Baku to Ganja is one of
the country's most scenic. 180 mi/290 km west of Baku. http://www.usembassybaku.org/post/city.htm
- Ganja was both a city, a market center, and a
Khanate. Under Czarist domination the name was changed to Elisavetpol
and then Kirovabad.
- Gendge produces rug that are in format and
construction like a long Kazak.
- Gendge Long
Rug With Diagonal Stripes
- GYANDZHA. The Columbia Encyclopedia: Sixth
- Kirovabad Live Cams
- Kirovabad Weather
- Gäncä is a source of alunite. Alunite is also known as alumstone and is a
source of the chemical known as alum, KAl(SO4)2 - 12H2O. Alum
with tin is the source of the clear super-saturated reds we see in
Caucasian rugs. There are deposits of Tin that have been mined in
Armenia since pre-historic times.
- A humorous side note to the rug trade many
Gendge are called Kazak or Shirvan, etc... because dealers feel
Gendge's sell for less under their own name.
The James C.
Allen Azeri Gendge Rug
|Gendge rugs and Kazak rugs are closely related.
One important attribution is the wefts.First of all Gendge and Kazak rugs commonly have red
wefts. They also have variation in the number of shots of wefts. Here
we can see places where they used two shots and others where they used
4. Most Caucasian rugs
have two shots of tan white or brown wefts. When you see red, more than
two or variation in the number thing Gendge and Kazak
rugs.Also this has the classical flat back we expect in Gendge rugs.
Ian et al. Oriental Rugs Volume 1 Caucasian.
Manuelian, L. and M. Eiland: Weavers, Merchants and Kings, Inscribed
Rugs from Armenia
Ralph. Caucasian Prayer Rugs
James Mark. Inscribed Armenian Rugs of Yesteryear.
Ulrich. Caucasian Rugs.
P.F. Rugs of the Caucasus: Structure and Design.
Richard. Wertime, John. Caucasian Carpets and Covers
Charles Grant. Early Caucasian Rugs. Washington DC: The
Textile Museum, 1975.
Serare. Early Caucasian Carpets in Turkey
Heinz and Adil Besim: Rare Oriental Woven Bags. Munich: 1982.
J. SUMAK BAGS OF NORTHWEST PERSIA AND TRANSCAUCASIA. 1998,
Genje Rugs & Carpets
Practical Seminar on Caucasian Rugs by James M. Keshishian
A Dragon Pile Rug
Collection of Caucasian Rugs at the TM
Medallion Evolution 1592 - 1912
Dragon Rug Dyes
||Seen at http://www.skinnerinc.com/
Sale 2192 Lot 125
Chajli Rug, South Caucasus, last quarter 19th
century, three large octagonal medallions flanked by six hooked
diamonds in navy blue, wine red, ivory, gold, and blue-green on the
royal blue field, wine red octagon border, (small areas of wear), 8 ft.
6 in. by 4 ft. 5 in.
The Azerbaijan Carpet, Review by
David R. Milberg, Oriental Rug Review, Vol 9/5 What the rug literature
of East and West shares is assurance
Still Bug Me, by Wendel R. Swan, Oriental Rug Review, Vol 14/6
Caucasus - Treasures of St. Petersburg
Collecting: According to Burns, A Review of
The Caucasus: Traditions in Weaving; Selections from the James D. Burns
Collection, by Joseph Bloom, Oriental Rug Review, Vol. 8/1
Fulfilled, Flat-Woven Textiles from the Caucasus at The Textile
Museum," Wendorf, Michael J., Oriental Rug Review,
Rugs at Glencairn," O'Bannon, George, Oriental Rug Review,
Conquest of The Caucasus
The Treasures of the Caucasus, O'Bannon, George, Book
of Certain Rug Dyes as Markers of Age, by Paul Mushak,
Oriental Rug Review, (Vol. 15, No. 5, June/July, 1995)
For Further Reading:
Thanks and best wishes,
J. Barry O'Connell Jr.
Rugs the O'Connell Guides
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