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Nazmiyal Antique Rugs
 

Hagop Manoyan Antique Rugs

JBOC's Notes on Oriental Rugs

Ganja Rugs the O'Connell Guide
 
Hagop Manoyan Antique RugsNazmiyal Antique Rugs

Both Armenian Rugs and Azeri Rugs have come from Ganja Province. Ganja was a Persian Azeri city under the Persian Shah's control before the Russian occupation. There as a minority but significant Armenian population controlled by the Melik of Ganja. When the Russian Czarist troop solidified control over the city it was renamed Elisavetspol and it quickly became a Russianized city. Since the Armenian Church and Meliks were Christian and were instrumental in defeating the Persians the Armenians gained immensely in stature. Armenians began to move to Ganja from Safavid Persia and Ottoman Turkey. Ganja became a staging area for the war that led to the Russian triumph over the Persians in Erevan/Yerevan/Present Day Armenia in 1828. Today there are few Armenians in the Province of Ganja.

Ganja (Gyandzha)

V999UKN51p.jpg (41235 bytes)Chajli Long Rug

A few related examples:

Zakatala

Latchhook medallion Gendge rug Azeri Border

Note the main border above. Ian Bennett referres to it as cojoined octagons and describes it as it as characteristic of Gendge rugs. Bennett, Ian et al. Oriental Rugs Volume 1 Caucasian. page 132. I did discuss a related motif in Persian Varamin Area Shahsavan Ru-korsi.

A four medallion Gendge rug ca. 1880

The James C. Allen Azeri Gendge Rug

Gendge rugs and Kazak rugs are closely related. One important attribution is the wefts.First of all Gendge and Kazak rugs commonly have red wefts. They also have variation in the number of shots of wefts. Here we can see places where they used two shots and others where they used 4. Most Caucasian rugs have two shots of tan white or brown wefts. When you see red, more than two or variation in the number thing Gendge and Kazak rugs.Also this has the classical flat back we expect in Gendge rugs.

Some Important Books On Caucasian Rugs:

Bennett, Ian et al. Oriental Rugs Volume 1 Caucasian.

Der Manuelian, L. and M. Eiland: Weavers, Merchants and Kings, Inscribed Rugs from Armenia

Kaffel, Ralph. Caucasian Prayer Rugs

Keshishian, James Mark. Inscribed Armenian Rugs of Yesteryear.

Schurmann, Ulrich. Caucasian Rugs.

Stone, P.F. Rugs of the Caucasus: Structure and Design.

Tschebull, Raoul. Kazak.

Wright, Richard. Wertime, John. Caucasian Carpets and Covers

Older Caucasian Rugs

Ellis, Charles Grant. Early Caucasian Rugs. Washington DC: The Textile Museum, 1975.

Yetkin, Serare. Early Caucasian Carpets in Turkey

Caucasian Bags

Hegenbart, Heinz and Adil Besim: Rare Oriental Woven Bags. Munich: 1982.

Wertime, J. SUMAK BAGS OF NORTHWEST PERSIA AND TRANSCAUCASIA. 1998,

Articles that you may be interested in:

www.Jozan.net Genje Rugs & Carpets

Oriental Rugs: Practical Seminar on Caucasian Rugs by James M. Keshishian

A Dragon Pile Rug A Discussion

Keshishian Collection of Caucasian Rugs at the TM

Chelabird Medallion Evolution 1592 - 1912

Dragon Rug Dyes

The Shehady Gendge Rug

Gendge Long Rug With Diagonal Stripes

Seen at http://www.skinnerinc.com/

Sale 2192 Lot 125

Chajli Rug, South Caucasus, last quarter 19th century, three large octagonal medallions flanked by six hooked diamonds in navy blue, wine red, ivory, gold, and blue-green on the royal blue field, wine red octagon border, (small areas of wear), 8 ft. 6 in. by 4 ft. 5 in.
Estimate $2,000-3,000

Internet Links:

Anglo-Kabarda Horse

The Azerbaijan Carpet, Review by David R. Milberg, Oriental Rug Review, Vol 9/5 What the rug literature of East and West shares is assurance

Beetle Bags Still Bug Me, by Wendel R. Swan, Oriental Rug Review, Vol 14/6

Caucasus - Treasures of St. Petersburg

Collecting: According to Burns, A Review of The Caucasus: Traditions in Weaving; Selections from the James D. Burns Collection, by Joseph Bloom, Oriental Rug Review, Vol. 8/1

"Promise Fulfilled, Flat-Woven Textiles from the Caucasus at The Textile Museum," Wendorf, Michael J., Oriental Rug Review, XIV/5/50-52

"The Rugs at Glencairn," O'Bannon, George, Oriental Rug Review, IX/5/14-18

Russian Conquest of The Caucasus

The Treasures of the Caucasus, O'Bannon, George, Book Marks, XIII/3

Use of Certain Rug Dyes as Markers of Age, by Paul Mushak, Oriental Rug Review, (Vol. 15, No. 5, June/July, 1995)

For Further Reading:


Thanks and best wishes,

J. Barry O'Connell Jr.

Persian Rugs the O'Connell Guides

Tabriz Rugs

Kashmar Rugs

Isfahan Rugs

Hamadan Rugs

Mashad Rugs

Gabbeh Rugs

Heriz Rugs

Ardabil Rugs

Lylyan Rugs

Turkmen Rugs

Persian Rugs

Turkish Rugs

Suzani

Oriental Rugs

Persian Carpets

Baluch Rugs,

The Qashqai and Qashqai Rugs

Veramin Rugs

Tribal Rugs

Khotan-Rugs

Khotan-Carpets

Kirman-Rugs

Kirman-Carpets

Antique-Rugs

Antique-Carpets

Shahsevan-Rugs

Oushak-Rugs

Mashad-Rugs

Gabbeh-Rugs

Kurdish-Rugs

Becoming Missional

Index to JBOC's Rug Notes

How Do I Find An Honest Rug Dealer?

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