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Nazmiyal Antique Rugs
 
JBOC's  Notes on Oriental Rugs

Guide To Karabagh Rugs
 
Hagop Manoyan Antique RugsNazmiyal Antique Rugs

The James C. Allen Cloud Band Kazak

Karabagh

Karabakh, Karabagh, Artsakh, Ngorno-Karabahk, etc.. A mountainous region that is a subject of dispute between Azerbaijan to the east and Armenia to the west. The area is mostly Armenian in the lowlands and Kurds in the Mountains but it is historically part of Azerbaijan.

The Czarist Russians began to solidify their hold as early as 1805 - 1820 but they did not truly control the region for many years. With the capture of the great rebel religious leader Shamyl in 1859 and the end of the rebellion in 1864 did Czarist control truly solidify regional control. In 1865 to eliminate risk of future rebellion the Russians forced 1,2 million Caucasians to move to Turkey. http://www.mediaport.org/~caucasus/history/ I strongly suspect that areas such as Ngorno-Karabahk which were historically Moslem were depopulated and then repopulated with Armenians. As Christians the Armenians had an easier time with the Christian Russians.

The historical capitol Shusha was an ancient village in Karabakh that gained in importance when Panah Ali-khan Javanshir built a nearby fortress. From there he established himself as a Khan of an independent Khanate. Shusha was able to beat back the Persians in 1795 (VAR: SHUSHA -- City of Shusha, Karabakh region of Azerbaijan) but not many years later (1805) the Khanate fell to the Czarist Russians. http://scf.usc.edu/~baguirov/azeri.htm

Map courtesy of the CIA

Cloudband Kazak

Kazak is a misnomer here. Cloudband Kazak rugs are actually Karabagh rugs. They are also called Chondzoresk and Dragon kazaks.

Kasim Ushak

The Summers Karabagh or Kazak Rug

Khanlyg

'Lampa-Karabakh' design

city workshops:

W&W Armenian Gadrut, Karabakh Circa 1920

A narrow border Karabagh rug third quarter 19th c.

Karabagh - Chibukli

3-Medallion Karabagh Rug

Link - Breeds of Livestock - Karabakh Horse

A Memling Gul Karabagh rug 2nd half 19 ct

Karabagh Mafrash Panel

The Willborg Karabagh Rug

Karabakh-Talish Rug

Armenian rug, Karabakh or Erivan

Karabagh Kurds

Chelaberd Medallion Rugs.

Classical Floral Carpets

Dragon Carpets

Shusha

Dragon Carpet Packing Weft Lines

The Dodds 18th c. Karabagh Main Carpet

3-Medallion Karabagh Rug

Karabagh Corridor Carpet

Typical Karabagh Structure

  • Structure: Symmetrical. averages 65 kpsi and average size of 41 square feet. Shusha city carpets average90 kpsi and are up to 20 feet long Oriental Rug Lexicon. Some of the rugs have a flat back but most are depressed.

  • Yarn: Spin: Z.

  • Warp: Wool warps. Usually 3 ply warps but some 2 ply and 4 ply, sometimes barber-poled. Undyed wool.

  • Weft: usually two shots of 2 ply natural brown or tan wool.

  • Pile: 2 Wool singles.

  • Ends: Upper ends elaborate woven bands.

  • Selvages: one or two warp unit reinforced wool. red is common so is the use of pile colors.

Notes:

  • Karabagh can look like Kazak but the wefts are usually two shots of 2 ply natural brown or tan wool.

  • Upper ends elaborate woven bands.

  • Notes: Stone mentions averages of 65 kpsi and average size of 41 square feet. Oriental Rug Lexicon.

  • Shusha

    • Shusha city carpets are the heirs to the Caucasian Dragon Carpets. The average 90 kpsi and are up to 20 feet long. Oriental Rug Lexicon.

    • Sizes range up to about 12 by 20 feet (240 square feet). Eiland and Eiland, pg. 274


Some Important Books On Caucasian Rugs:

Bennett, Ian et al. Oriental Rugs Volume 1 Caucasian.

Der Manuelian, L. and M. Eiland: Weavers, Merchants and Kings, Inscribed Rugs from Armenia

Eiland & Eiland's Oriental Rugs A Complete Guide

Hubel, Reinhard G. The Book of Carpets

Kaffel, Ralph. Caucasian Prayer Rugs

Keshishian, James Mark. Inscribed Armenian Rugs of Yesteryear.

Schurmann, Ulrich. Caucasian Rugs.

Stone, P.F. Rugs of the Caucasus: Structure and Design.

Tschebull, Raoul. Kazak.

Wright, Richard. Wertime, John. Caucasian Carpets and Covers

Older Caucasian Rugs

Ellis, Charles Grant. Early Caucasian Rugs. Washington DC: The Textile Museum, 1975.

Yetkin, Serare. Early Caucasian Carpets in Turkey

Caucasian Bags

Hegenbart, Heinz and Adil Besim: Rare Oriental Woven Bags. Munich: 1982.

Wertime, J. SUMAK BAGS OF NORTHWEST PERSIA AND TRANSCAUCASIA. 1998,

Articles that you may be interested in:

Oriental Rugs: Practical Seminar on Caucasian Rugs by James M. Keshishian

A Dragon Pile Rug A Discussion

Keshishian Collection of Caucasian Rugs at the TM

Chelaberd Medallion Evolution 1592 - 1912

Dragon Rug Dyes


Internet Links:

Anglo-Kabarda Horse

Caucasus - Treasures of St. Petersburg

Russian Conquest of The Caucasus

Antique Rugs | Oriental Rugs | Appraisals | Experts | RugRag.com

For Further Reading:


Thanks and best wishes,

J. Barry O'Connell Jr.

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