Rugs: The Opie Khamseh Lion Rug 2nd half 19th
|The Khamseh Confederation
Confederation rugs fit into my "Persian Rugs the O'Connell Guides"
section as a group of related rugs of rugs centering around Fars
province. These rug are predominantly woven by weavers who speak
Persian Azeri and Arabic. Workshops are the main impetus with even the
lesser work copying the greater.
In 1861 - 62 The Persian Shah Naser ed-Din created
the Khamseh Tribal Confederation. He took 5 tribes, the Arab, Nafar,
Baharlu, Inalu, and the Basseri and placed them under the control of
the Qavam ol-Molk family. Khamseh is the Arabic word for 5 and the
confederation gets its name from that. Combining tribes was not a new
idea the Safavid Shahs created many Kizilbash confederations. The idea
was that the Qashqai
were gaining so much power that the Shah wanted to create a counter to Qashqai power in the
The Arab, Nafar, Baharlu, Inalu, and the Basseri
were a mixed lot of Turks, Luri, and Arab. However they all came to be
called Arabs in contrast to the Turkic Qashqai.