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Nazmiyal Antique Rugs
 
JBOC's Notes on Oriental Rugs

Antique Turkish Rugs: Guide to Antique Ladik Prayer Rugs
 
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Ladik rugs consist of a large body of Turkish rugs usually small in size often in a Prayer Rug format and are frequently dated. But where are they from the literature usually suggests that Ladik is another name for Laodicea an ancient city that held one of the seven churches of Asia written of in The Revelation of St John the Divine. The other view is that Ladik is a city or town near Konya.  This view is reflected in the catalog descriptions in both Sotheby's and Christie's rug catalogued.

Add to this Julia Baily's classic article "Ladik Prayer Rugs" in Hali, Issue 28, p. 19.  (Volume 7 Number 4 Oct/Nov/Dec 1985) where Baily places Ladik near Konya and adds Innice as a near by town that produced many of the Ladik type rugs. It is hard to doubt Julia Baily as she is one of the preeminent rug scholars  today in addition to being a genuinely charming lady. However I still cannot find either Innice or Ladik on a map of Turkey  anywhere near Konya. The Ladik I can find is 600 hundred miles  east by Northeast of Konya by car and is the ancient city of Laodicea. I cannot find Innice at all. I did find Inlice about  30 miles West by Southwest of Konya

For many people the Ladik Prayer rug became the quintessential Turkish Rug.

Ladik Rugs From Tattersall & Kendrick

Ladik Rugs (named from Laodicea) often have the warp and weft dyed the predominant color of the pile. The ends have a fairly wide red web, often striped with other colours, ending in fringes. The colours are chiefly red and blue, but with fairly large quantities of other hues, and they are used in larger masses than in Ghiordes rugs. They are mostly bright, but sometimes a rich but quieter color-effect is found. The arch of prayer-rugs has three points, and there is a wide cross-panel above or below the niche, containing tall, upright tulips. A typical border-stripe is one with large rosettes alternating with sprays of three blossoms. The other rugs, which are not common, have various patterns, in which long hexagonal panels and stars are favorite devices.
Title    Hand-woven carpets, Oriental and European
Volume 1 of Hand-woven Carpets, Oriental & European, Albert Frank Kendrick
Authors    Albert Frank Kendrick, Creassey Edward Cecil Tattersall
Publisher    Scribner, 1922


The placement of the tulip-filled niche above the mihrab (rather than below) and the use of the yellow ground broken hooked vine, serrated leaf and angular rosette border in this rug denote an early example of Ladik workmanship. It is acknowledged that all of the Ladik rugs with this border were woven in the small village of Innice outside of Ladik, see: Bailey, J., "Ladik Prayer Rugs", Hali, Issue 28, p. 19. For similar Ladik prayer rugs see: Kirchheim, E. Heinrich, Orient Stars, London, 1993, no. 168, Christie's London, The Bernheimer Family Collection, February 14, 1996, lot 109 and Ballard Collection of Oriental Rugs (Ex. Cat.), St. Louis, 1924, No. 53. Sotheby's Innice Ladik Prayer Rug 18th century Lot 2 Antique Innice Ladik Prayer Rug 18th century Sotheby's Lot 2

Antique Innice Ladik Prayer Rug 18th century Sotheby's Lot 2

The Allen 1792 Antique Ladik Prayer Rug

The Jim Allen 1792 Ladik Prayer Rug

This rug has a date which I translated as 1207 Hijra which converts to 1792 AD. Oriental Rugs A Complete Guide page 189 Murray Eiland Jr notes that dates are often seen in Ladik prayer rugs.
In Oriental Rugs A Complete Guide page 171 Eiland & Eiland note that most Turkish rugs average 60 kpsi but classic Ladik rugs average over 100 kpsi.

The Allen 1792 Antique Ladik Prayer Rug

The Allen 1792 Antique Ladik Prayer Rug

For Further Reading:


Thanks and best wishes,

J. Barry O'Connell Jr.

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