Nazmiyal Antique Rugs

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Persian Rugs: Abadeh

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Persian Rugs: Golpayegan Caucasian Rugs: Fachralo Kazak

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Malayer Persian Rugs:

Malayer Persian Rugs:

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Mazlaghan Persian Rugs:

Mehriban Persian Rugs:

Mohtashem Persian Rugs: Kashan Rugs

Mood Persian Rugs: Rugs

Nahavend Persian Rugs: Persian Rugs: Rugs

Nain Persian Rugs: Rugs

Nain Persian Rugs: Rugs

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Persian Rugs: Persian Bags

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Baluch Rugs

Arab Baluch Rugs

Baluch Balisht and Pushti

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Baluch Type Rugs of Zabol Iran

Bahlul Baluchi rug

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Uzbek Rugs: Julkhyr

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Nurata Suzani

Shakhrisabz Suzani


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Caucasian Rugs: Bordjalou

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Turkish Rugs/Turkish Rugs



New York Times Article

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The Hazara

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The Pazyryk Carpet

McMullan on the Pazaryk

Moroccan Carpets

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Notes on the Shaykh Lutfallah Mosque

Time and Links

Guide to the Best Rug Societies

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Guide to the Best Carpet Dealers of Italy

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Guide to the Best Carpet Producers and Dealers of Turkey

Guide to the Best Carpet Dealers of the United Kingdom

Naein Rugs By Ehsan Afzalzadeh Naini Of Iran Rug Co.

Guide to the Best Carpet Producers and Dealers of Iran

Guide to the Best Auction Houses

Guide to the Best Book Dealers

Guide to the Best Carpet Cleaners and Restorers

Guide to the Best Carpet Producers and Dealers of Central Asia

Guide to the Best Rug & Carpet Appraisers

Old Main page - SW-Asia.com More Oriental Rug Notes by Barry O'Connell

Persian Rugs: Khamseh Confederation

Oriental Carpets and Persian Rugs the O'Connell Notes

Visit my Tabriz Rugs & Carpets the O'Connell Guide

Hagop Manoyan Antique RugsNazmiyal Antique Rugs

From my dear friend Dr. Khosrow Sobhe

A man is taking a walk in Central Park in New York.
Suddenly he sees a little girl being attacked by a pit bull dog .
He runs over and starts fighting with the dog.
He succeeds in killing the dog and saving the girl's life.
A policeman who was watching the scene walks over and says:
"You are a hero, tomorrow you can read it in all the newspapers:
"Brave New Yorker saves the life of little girl "
The man says: - "But I am not a New Yorker!"
"Oh, then it will say in newspapers in the morning:
'Brave American saves life of little girl'" - the policeman answers.
"But I am not an American!" - says the man.
"Oh, what are you then? "
The man says: - "I am an Iranian ! "
The next day the newspapers says: "Islamic extremist kills innocent
American dog "

August 10th 1956 I was born. Now 51 years later I am glad. It is good to be alive and still working on this web site and the underlying project. I won't get to be with my family this year but they are always with me in my heart.

To celebrate I decided to buy some music: Andrea Bocelli's "Con te partiro", Henry Mancini's "Peter Gunn Theme" and Spaccanapoli's "Vesuvio". It is sort of a departure for me. The last year I have been listening to Rap and Hip Hop but now it is time to switch.

August 18th I am speaking to STARs and The Armenian Rug Society in Seattle. It is a low hanging fruit sort of lecture. For over 10 years I have been loading data into my web sites which act a kind of virtual data model. Every so often I get lucky and some new idea or theory will become apparent in the model. In this case I mean to define a significant potion of Armenian History and tie it to rug production. It is funny in that I link data for years and then suddenly all the pieces fit and some idea pops out.

Years ago I got involved with a fellow name Ron who had rug magazine based in New Hampshire. Out of that grew my web site. At that time I started a paper on Mughal rugs and did an extensive bibliography. From that grew my Oriental Rug Books by the Author. Recently I began to revised the Oriental Rug Books by the Author. I do not ever expect it to be completely comprehensive but many find it interesting. I also added a search to allow you to find books not listed.

Saturday, August 18th, 2007  

Emmanuel’s Rug & Upholstery Cleaners
1105 Rainier Ave So
Seattle WA 98144

Emmanuel’s is pleased to announce a joint meeting of The Armenian Rug Society and the Seattle Textile and Rug Society in conjunction with the 100th year celebration of Emmanuel’s Rug & Upholstery Cleaners.

Emmanuel’s was founded in Seattle in 1907 by John Manoug Emmanuelian an Armenian emigrant from Aghin, a village in central Turkey. He originally came to New York in 1904 and worked there for Donjian Inc., one of the largest rug importers at that time. John started out in Seattle selling rugs door to door from the street car, eventually opening a showroom in downtown Seattle at the corner of Fourth and University in the Stimson Building. The original cleaning plant was at 104 W. Roy St.

Speaker Barry O’Connell will discuss the linguistics of rugs and what makes an Armenian rug. More details to follow.

Barry O’Connell is the author of Oriental Rugs and Persian Rugs: the O'Connell Notes (www.spongobongo.com), Notes on Oriental Rugs and Persian Rugs by Barry O'Connell (www.persiancarpetguide.com) as well as numerous other articles, on – line rug blogs and newsgroups. He also helped Harold Keshishian write his www.hadjin.com pages.

Some new pages: Adiyaman Tulu Rug, Mut Kilim circa 1875, Chinese Art: Chinese embroidered summer gauze Dragon jifu, Chinese Art: Chinese embroidered Dragon mangao robe, Chinese Art: long Pao Dragon Chinese Imperial court jifuy, Chinese Art: birds and butterflies embroidered Cantonese coverlet, Najafabad Rugs: Najafabad Carpet from RugMan.com, Najafabad Rugs: Najafabad Carpet from RugMan.com

Kashan Rugs Hamadan Rugs and Mashad Rugs Surge

Industry sources have informed me that in the week ending June 24 Kashan rugs Hamadan rugs and Mashad rugs accounted for just over half of all new Persian rugs sold on-line. There are also indications that this Summer is shaping up to be a strong season with less of a drop-off than typical of Summer.

A few years ago I lost my Guide to Afghan Rugs from here on SpongoBongo. Actually I overwrote it with something and forgot about it. Tonight I found an old copy and am in the process of bringing it up to date. I also found a few dozen pictures that I thought were lost. So many of the pages on Afghan Rugs have their pictures back again.

Guide to New Afghan Rugs

There are still thousands of lost pages but by and large the best pages have survived.

I left the ad agency that I was working with. I am still consulting to them but showing up to their office was just not a good use of my time. So I have gone back to tuning databases for a large consulting firm. One big difference is I am working two hours from home so I stay down here and go home on the weekends. That gives me a good bit of time to work on the site.

It was great to see

Peter Pap in Fortune Small Business Magazine.

Peter is a long-time member of our Trusted Resources List

The New England Rug Society Presents An ACOR 8 Exhibit

"Baluch" from the Collection of Mark Hopkins

I was quite pleased to see that NERS has posted a very nice exhibition from the Mark Hopkins' Collection. Mark has an interesting approach which he discusses in his introduction. He pretty well dismisses the ethnographic significance of the pieces and looks at them as art. The show focuses on a very narrow group of rugs with a large degree of repetition of design elements. While one may agree or disagree with Mark's approach focus instead on the unity and cohesiveness of the collection and seek to understand what an important collector saw in it.

Top selling Persian Rugs week of June 11th 2007:

Style %
Tabriz Rugs 20.05 %
Hamadan Rugs 12.31 %
Sarouk Rugs 8.99 %
Kashan Rugs 7.23 %
Heriz Rugs 6.60 %
Isfahan Rugs 6.50 %
Kerman Rugs 5.13 %
Bakhtiari Rugs 4.92 %
Turkoman Rugs 4.45 %
Shiraz Rugs 3.61 %
More and more people use images to search by. This image of a Safavid era dragon is one of the consistent favorites on SpongoBongo. Iran was a key portion o the Silk Route so it is perfectly normal to see a Chinese Art influence in Persian art and persian Rugs.

Dragons In Islamic and Chinese Art

Favorite rug from a top collector/dealer
Isfahan Rugs: Jim Allen Collection Circa 1930

Top selling Persian Rugs week of May 20th to the 26th:

Sotheby's Spring Carpet Sale New York

The catalogue is posted and the sale looks interesting.

Carpets SALE N08326
Session 1: Wednesday, 6 Jun 07, 10:00 AM
Session 2: Wednesday, 6 Jun 07, 2:00 PM

Sarouk Rugs Sales Drop while Tabriz Rugs Surge

In a surprise move Tabriz Rugs went from fourth place in sales to number one while perennial favorite Sarouk Rugs dropped out of the Top Ten. Overall sales figures show Tabriz Rugs about doubling their market share from April. Kashmar Rugs stayed strong in on the basis of good value with unique designs. Over all internet rug sales stay brisk as the weather warms in the US.

  1. Tabriz Rugs
  2. Kashmar Rugs
  3. Isfahan Rugs
  4. Hamadan Rugs
  5. Mashad Rugs
  6. Gabbeh Rugs
  7. Heriz Rugs
  8. Ardabil Rugs
  9. Lylyan Rugs
  10. Turkmen Rugs

Based on Industry sources and reflects on Internet sales predominantly in the US and Canadian markets.
Best wishes,
Barry O'Connell



I did not get to the AmericasMart-Atlanta area rugs showcase this Spring so it was nice to see the report from Voice of America. I spotted at least two members of our Trusted dealers list in the video,Sharon Kerwick and my dear friend Dr. Khosrow Sobhe. Here is the video: Afghan Rugs at the Atlanta Rug Show

Best wishes,



Persian Rugs The Top Ten Best Sellers Spring 2007

Top 10

  1. Sarouk Rugs
  2. Hamadan Rugs
  3. Kashmar Rugs
  4. Tabriz Rugs
  5. Mashad Rugs
  6. Isfahan Rugs
  7. Gabbeh Rugs
  8. Ardabil Rugs
  9. Bakhtiari Rugs
  10. Heriz Rugs

Based on Industry sources and reflects on Internet sales predominantly in the US market.

Dear All,

I have put together a good group of Turkmen Main Rugs for you all to
enjoy on line.
The link is below... enjoy them all..
all the very best
seref ozen

ICOC Istanbul
Hi All

The International Conference on Oriental Carpets took place in Istanbul
19-22 April 2007. Many important exhibitions were a part of the exiting
ICOC program.

Jozan has published several articles and photo-series from the event:







Hello,I am expanding my guide to Nain Rugs with a broad cross section of what is in the marketplace. Here are a few new pages:
Nain Rugs: Nain Rug signed Faardjollah Niroomand Nain Iran
Nain Rugs: Nain Tudesh Carpet Central Persia, circa 1940
Nain Rugs: Nain Rug from Rugman.com
Best wishes,
Barry O'Connell



I realized that I never posted a page on Harald Bohmer Dye Chemist and Father of the DOBAG Project. Bohmer is a great resource for the rug world. He did some dye test work for me and it was very professional at an extremely modest price. His work with DOBAG as well as forensic dye work on historical carpets is of immense importance.
Best wishes,
Barry O'Connell



I added Uzbek Rugs: Chyrpy, probably Uzbek, Turkestan to my notes. Compare the long false sleeves to the sleeves of the King in "Big Head" Fariburz and Kay Khusrau dated 1494 . The tradition of long false sleeves is very old in Central Asia.
This whole thing has been a long process of adding together little bits and pieces. By collecting and sorting and resorting and endless linking seems to tie all this together. I am not sure to to what point but I enjoying writing it and many of you enjoy reading it so for now I continue. I am not really sure how much longer however, my days grow busier and my hands get stiffer so one of these days I think I will have to shut this down and take up something else. I may go back to bird watching or go to a seminary. The one in Mankato has been on my mind of late.
Best wishes,
Barry O'Connell



Oriental Rug Auction Sunday - Oriental Rugs & Carpets Sale Date: Apr 22 2007 15:00

Samuel T. Freeman & Co.
1808 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19103
Tel: 215.563.9275
David Weiss VP - Paintings, Prints & Rugs Ext. 3014
Worth a look: the silk rugs, a tent band, and some nice Serapi rugs.
Best wishes,
Barry O'Connell



Every time I look at 17th C. Sivas Fragment Rippon-Boswell lot 90 I am blown away.

Best wishes,
Barry O'Connell


I am in the process of expanding my list of Carpet cleaners and restorers. Take a look at The Best Oriental Rug Cleaning and Restoration Professionals. Let me know any additions or corrections that I need to make.
Best wishes,
Barry O'Connell


I just rewrote my page

Ganja Rugs the O'Connell Guide


Kim Esber; Down But Not Out

Kim Esber is a friend of mine. OK so at times Kim is a little headstrong but he has a good heart and a deep sense of honor. He got sherrifed out of his business by his own family. I could tell you stories about Cheston "Chet" Esber and Dr. Elizabeth "Betse" Esber but rather than add to Kim's pain I will abstain. So when Kim sent me this public letter I decided it needed a permanent page.


Sotheby's Spring Carpet Auction London
The catalogues are mailed and the sale is on-line. Jacqueline Coulter has put together another top sale that is well worth a look.
Session 1:  Tuesday, 17 Apr 07, 2:00 PM
London, New Bond Street BROWSE CATALOGUE
Jacqueline Coulter
Senior Director, UK and Europe - Carpets
Tel: +44 20 7293 5232


Recently I had the opportunity to speak at the RIA convention in Orlando. RIA was ASCR, was AIDS, was NIRC. It is the trade group for Rug Cleaners and Restoration Professionals. Uncle Jimmy Keshishian was national president back in 1981 when it was NIRC (National Institute of Rug Cleaners, I think, or maybe it was AIDS). Anyway they found me and persuaded me to come and talk. I prepared a long PowerPoint show and just talked about the rugs. I was going to talk about Persian Rugs as a non-verbal language but at the last minute I decided against it. I recalled a comment by Stuart Cary Welch in the forward of one of his books. He said something about writing a specialist book for the 6 experts in the field or he could write for the general public. He chose to write for the public. I am glad I kept it general since I think everyone enjoyed it. Actually I hope they enjoyed it since I have not seen the comment cards yet.

I think I need to get out and lecture more. I learn far more than I teach but the reaction tends to be positive anyway. I find that more and more of my thoughts are becoming generally accepted. Years ago one of the curators at the Smithsonian responded to one of my theories by saying, "Mr. O'Connell, You have every right to think so... But keep in mind that No One Agrees". Now I hear people advance ideas that only a few years ago I was castigated for when I came up with them. Not to pick on anyone in particular but it is heartening to see ideas gain traction. I think the success of my sites is due in large part to the fact that when I make a mistake I go back and correct it. One of the weaknesses of the Internet is that all time is now. All too often errors left uncorrected take on a life of their own.
Best wishes,


I find it humorous at times that some of my most viewed pages are not about Oriental Rugs at all. My site www.PersianCarpetGuide.com does very well on Google Images and two of the most popular are my Guide to Mamluk Art especially the picture of the The Tipu Sultan Sword with fifteenth-century Mamluk or Ottoman Damascus watered steel blade. and also my Mashad Rugs: Guide to Mashhad Carpets. Both pages have rugs but going through the Analytics it is the sword in one and the Mosque in the other that bring the viewers. I do not mind a bit. It gives me a chance to teach new people about rugs. Of course that is Google Images which is very different from regular Google
Best wishes,



I spotted old old friend Mark Traxler in an article on War Rugs. He is a true gentleman, master weaver and guardian of the legendary O'Connell Weaving Comb:

Afghan tribal 'war rug' collection reveals artistic skill, violent imagery




I spent some time today reviewing my Guide to Timuri Rugs and freshening it up a bit. I wish I had my library set but I have to do it all from memory. As I go along I learn a little along the way. One of the next articles that needs attention is The Hazara A Historical Examination Of The Probable Origins Of An Improbable People. That was a wonderful article for me. I wrote it very early in my rug studies and I think it stands up pretty well.

It is funny how my Rug Notes work. I suffer from depression. I have avoided getting it treated because I have periodic episodes of brilliance and I worry if I get medicated to end the low periods I will also remove the high points. So I created my Rug Notes as a cure for depression. The worse it gets, the more creative I become. So my best work is the product of stress, exhaustion and depression. I sometimes suspect if I cured the depression I would give up rug studies and watch TV. Right now I am under more stress than any point in my life so I am getting a lot of work done.

As many of you know I dabble in politics. I was just offered a monthly retainer from one of the major democratic Presidential candidates. I did the data bases for John Kerry's battle ground states campaign in the last campaign and one of my associates took one of my ideas and pitched the major Democrat Presidential candidates on it. For now we said no since the money was not right but I may get dragged back into that vile mess that we call Presidential politics. The funny part is that like usual I am broke and could really use the money but for now I will compare offers and hope that my favorite candidate calls. In politics the more you charge the more they respect you, so it is important to make the right deal. In the last Presidential I charged a hefty sum and consequently everyone was nice to me. Not too long ago I did a freebie for a candidate. Consequently he felt free to ignore my advise and the SOB never even said thank you. He lost and I will avoid that trap again.

Best wishes,



Istanbul to host international conference on orien...

Vacuum Cleaner FAQs

3/10/2007 Nice article on one of our Trusted Dealers:

P-I features Thea Sands and Emmanuel's Rug & Upholstery Cleaners of Seattle

see also:

Boycott "300"
Iran’s Carpet Museum Faces Storage Crisis
Madadpour Attacks Iranian Carpet Export Association in Press
FINE ESTATES AUCTION At Foster’s Auction Gallery
Iran : Persian carpet production shrinks in March
Ball chairwoman Melissa Keshishian raises $500,000 For the Corcoran
AfghanMark enables rug buyers to help Afghan women
Rugman.com's donations aid in the ongoing recovery effort put forth by the Bush-Clinton Katrina Fund.
Germany, U.S. buy 50% of Persian rugs
Best wishes,

What do people in England really Want?

Here are the top nine Google searches that people in England used to get to my rug notes here on SpongoBongo so far this month Feb. 8 2007
1. ulrich schurmann caucasian rugs 2. ersari 3. qashqai rug 4. bijar rugs 5. iranian calander 6. lori rug 7. a to z of persian rugs 8. turkoman carpet 9. luri dialect map

Best wishes, - Barry

New Pages on Persian Gabbeh rugs

I added a few new pages on Persian Gabbeh rugs. I intend to make a much more comprehensive Guide To Gabbeh Rugs.
Please visit:
Gabbeh Rugs Red Qashqai Rug from Sobco
Gabbeh Rugs: Handmade Gabbeh From Zollanvari
Gabbeh Rugs: Amalehbaft Gabbeh Rug
Gabbeh Rugs: Regular Gabbeh Rug From Gabbeh.com
Gabbeh Rugs: Kashkoli Gabbeh Rug From Gabbeh.com
Best wishes,


Rippon Boswell Wiesbaden has major rug sales but it also as minor sales as well. Some of these can be very interesting as well. Auction 680 will be held March 10, 2007. I spotted a few pieces that I found interesting. Here are a few I added to the Rug Notes:

Baluch Rugs: Baluch Bagface early 20th C Rippon Boswell Lot 18
Baluch Rugs: Baluch Balisht 1st Quarter 20th C Rippon Boswell Lot 18
Baluch Rugs: Baluch Rug C 1900 Rippon Boswell Lot 64
Birjand Rugs: Birjand Carpet Circa 1920 Rippon Boswell Lot 30
Tabriz Rugs: Tabriz Carpet circa 1920 Rippon Boswell Lot 25
Tabriz Rugs: Tabriz Carpet circa 1930/40 Rippon Boswell Lot 159

Best wishes,



Sometimes the easiest way to fix something is to start over. My main guide to Persian Rugs is a mess so I started a new page and I am cleaning up the old information as the beginning of rewriting it. The first part can be seen at:
Persian Rugs the O'Connell Guide
Best wishes,


I added some more pages. I also added in a Blog to keep track of changes to my sites. I keep trying to improve this site and some things work and some things do not. we will see how the blog works out. Readership has shown steady increases in the last 6 months so someone reads this stuff.
Oriental Rugs: Update to Guide to Tabriz Rugs & Carpets
Oriental Rugs: I added a few more pages to the Heriz Rugs guide
Best wishes,


Jim Allen has posted an exceptional Shulaver Kazak on eBay.

Rare Antique Schulaver Kazak Caucasian Rug from a-bey


Rare Antique Schulaver Kazak Caucasian Rug from a-bey


I mentioned the help I get from John Wertime yesterday and I should mention a few others. Ed Krayer has been gathering the images of the backs of rugs which has been a real help. It is easy to get good images of the fronts of rugs but close-ups are harder to get. Another friend who has been a big help over the years is Jim Allen. Just today he shared these images: Teke/Tekke 180 KPSI single wefted Tekke khalyk from Jim Allen. I will try to mention more of the people who have helped me build this site.



I edited the Notes on Shah Abbas and then I added a page on Shah Tahmasp Safavi. It also mentions the The Perez Topkapi Prayer Rug. This is one of many rugs pages that I have written then lost. I am never sure how I do it but I have found at least a dozen pages that were not linked in anywhere. Yesterday I edited over 1,000 pages and whenever I do that if brings out things that I missed.

I got a thank you this week from John Wertime. God bless him, John is a real gentleman and I really appreciate the way he shares what he has and what he knows. John's note combined with The Perez Topkapi Prayer Rug made me think of another dealer in London. Some dealers are not like John they hide what they know and never share even as much as a picture from their inventory. So I decided to do two things; publicly acknowledge John Wertime as a great guy and the other thing is to edit my list of recommended London dealers.

Here is a page on new Afghan rug production that takes an interesting twist. Silk Rugs in a Kabul Workshop 2007



Today was a grand day, a glorious day. I woke up feeling great and got to work early. I knocked off all my work with ease and took on some new tasks. After work I started a guide to Chinese art. A massive task but I decided to start with Blue and White Porcelain from the Yuan Dynasty. I added in some Ming pieces and a cinnabar lacquer dish since they intrigued me. Yuan porcelain intrigues me because it shows up in Persian miniatures and that influences Persian Carpets even to this day. It is barely started but you can see the new section at: Chinese Art. I would be further along but I had snow to shovel




I spotted a nice new article on classic carpets: A Turkotek Digital Field Trip: The Victoria and Albert Museum by Chuck Wagner. It looks well worth reading.


I just posted a brand new Kelardasht Rugs / Kalardasht Rugs Guide. I added in some images of Mazanderan province. The further I get into this project the more I feel it is important to show more than just rugs. We need to see the rugs as a product of the people. I just remember that I have to revise the guide. Kelardasht is in a small enclave of Northern Kurds. The rest of the province is Mazandarani which is an Indo-European people close to Baluch or Talysh. I have to remember to add the language in, after all weaving is non-verbal language..


Rare Shahsavan Band in the John Wertime Collection

I attended the Wendel Swan lecture on Shahsavan Pile Rugs last Saturday night (1/27/07) and had a chance to visit with John Wertime the next morning.Of all of the experts on Oriental rugs and tribal weaving one of my very favorites is John Wertime. John is a serious scholar who studied under the late Professor Martin Bernard Dickson at Princeton and then followed that up with an extended stay in Iran. John is also a prolific writer, author and translator.

I took images of a number of his pieces and I will be posting tem as I get time. The first is:

Rare Shahsavan Band in the John Wertime Collection

Asiatic cheetahs in Mughal Art

Asiatic cheetahs in Mughal Art

Asiatic Cheetahs in Mughal Art

These rug notes are a many year battle to try to put Oriental rugs into some sort of context that allows me to understand them. I am not all that bright and lack much of an education but by carefully fitting together little pieces I can understand a little. Recently I spotted some pictures of Asiatic Cheetahs in Iran Daily. Since I knew that Asiatic Cheetahs appear in some rugs I thought it would be interesting to put some images together. I wanted to add in an article by Jim Allen on Cheetahs in Turkmen rugs but it is not ready yet.

Newly Updated Guide to Bakhtiari Rugs and Carpets Nice image of the Stone Lions

Newly Updated Guide to Kerman Rugs

New notes on Persian Rugs and Turkish Rugs Suzani on Squidoo, Oriental Rugs on Squidoo, Persian Carpets on Squidoo, Baluch Rugs on Squidoo, The Qashqai and Qashqai Rugs on Squidoo, Veramin Rugs on Squidoo, and Tribal Rugs on Squidoo.

Copyright Barry O'Connell 2004 - 2007.
Last revised: June 06, 2008.

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