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Rug Notes Index - H

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Haack, H.

  • Haack, H. Oriental Rugs. 1960 (1972 printing),

Haarmann, Ulrich.

Haass, Haass.


Hackmack, Adolf.

  • Hackmack, Adolf. Chinese Carpets and Rugs. NY: 1921.

  • Hackmack, Adolf. Der Chinesische Teppich. Hamburg: 1921.

  • Hackmack, A. Chinese Carpets and Rugs. Tientsin: 1924.

  • Hackmack, A. Chinese Carpets and Rugs. 1973 reprint ed., Dover,

  • Hackmack, Adolf. Chinese Carpets and Rugs ; NY: 1921. 74 pp., (1980 reprint),


  • The record of the words and deeds of the Prophet as recorded substantially after his death.


The French Role in the Massacre at Hadjin


  • Shams'oddin Mohammad of Shirâz wrote under the name ‘Hâfez,’ born circa 1320. He is perhaps the Persian language's greatest poet. 

  • The Divan-i-Hafiz of H. Wilberforce Clarke

Hagerott, Mark Reagan

F. Haghighi & Co.

Hagia Sophia, Istanbul

Haidar, Mirza Muhammad.

Haig, Alexander Meigs, Jr.

Hainsworth, Roger.

  • Associate Prof. Roger Hainsworth, Hon. Visiting Research Fellow Department of History The University of Adelaide.


  • The pilgrimage to the kaaba in Mecca which all Muslims make at least once in their lifetime if they are physically able.


  • An honorific title for one who has made the Hajj.

Hajji Baba Club


  • Arabic for Lawful. This is a word I often see used to suggest that food is "lawful" for Moslems to eat. In usage it takes on a meaning similar to that of "kosher" for their Jewish brothers.

  • What Is Halal

Haldane, Duncan.

  • Haldane, Duncan. Mamluk Painting. Forest Grove, Oregon and Warminster, England: Aris and Phillips, 1978.

  • Haldane, Duncan. "Scenes of Daily Life from Mamluk Miniatures" in The Eastern Mediterranean Lands in the Period of the Crusades. Holt, P. M. (edited by). Warminster: Aris and Phillips, 1977. 78-89.

  • Haldane, Duncan. "Three Mamluk Manuscripts of al-Hariri's Maqamat" in Orientations. Vol. 16: No. 1. January 1985. 44-50.

Haldane, Jack.

Hale, Andy.

  • "Uzbek Embroideries", Chicago: ACOR II, 1996

  • Fitz Gibbon, Kate and A. Hale: Ikat, Silks of Central Asia ; London: 1997.

  • Hale, Andy and Kate Fitz Gibbon: Ikats-Woven Silks from Central Asia: The Rau Collection. Oxford: 1988.

  • Hale, Andy 1994 The Story is Free, Hali, issue 76, August/September

Halefleri, Ahmet Hazim.

  • Important Orient Rug dealer in the Grand Bazaar Istanbul Turkey.

Halevim, Davide.


Hall, Diane.

Hall, Joanna Lannowe.

Hall, Richard Lannowe.

Halley, Anne.

Halm, Heinz.



Hamdy, Ahmad

  • Hamdy, Ahmad et al. Islamic Art in Egypt, 969-1517 A.D.. Exhibition, 4-30 April 1969, Semiramis Hotel, Cairo. Cairo: Ministry of Culture, 1969.

Hammer, Armand.

  • Armand Hammer was a Soviet operative whose main duty was to funnel money to the Soviet spy apparatus. Hammer was Jewish but managed to escape the purges that Stalin used to kill off the Lenin era Jews in the Soviet Governmen and Communist Party. After Lenin's death Hammer seperated himself from the Soviet Spy apparatus but stayed close enough to trade favors over the years.

Hamza, Sheikh Abu

  • Sheikh Abu Hamza is a fundamentalist Muslim cleric preaching Jihad at the Finsbury Park mosque in London. Abu Hamza has acted as a spokesmen for the Islamic Army of Aden a Yemen-based fundamentalist Islamic organization that took 16 tourists hostage in 1998. Linked to al-Qaeda.

Hanging Rugs

Hanna, Nelly.

  • Hanna, Nelly. "Review of Muqarnas: An Annual on Islamic Art and Architecture, vol. 2, edited by Oleg Grabar" in JAOS. Vol. 108: No. 3. 1988. 490-491.

Haneda, Akira.

  • Haneda, Akira and M. Yoshida: The Old Textiles of Turkey. Kyoto: (No Date).

Hansen, Henry Harald

  • 1961 The Kurdish Woman’s Life; Field Research in a Muslim Society. Nationalmuseet, Copenhagen.

Haq, Abdul

Harbiye Center,

Hari Rud

  • The Hari Rud (river) is the primary Eastern drainage of the Hazarajat and the Southern drainage of the Hindu Hush or Hendo Kohis as it is more properly called. Herat takes its name from the river. 


Harkat-Ul-Mujahidin, Jammu and Kashmir

Harn Museum of Art,

  • Samuel P. Harn Museum of Art - Gainesville, FL

  • Harn Museum of Art, SW 34th Street and Hull Road PO Box 11270 Gainesville, FL 32611-2700

  • Tel:Call: (352) 392-9826 Fax: (352) 392-3892

Harris, Nathaniel.

  • Harris, Nathaniel. Rugs and Carpets of the Orient. London: Hamlyn. 1977.

Harrison, Selig S.

Harrow, Leonard.

  • Harrow, Leonard. The Riverbank Collection, Silk Rugs from Turkey and Persia. London: 1996.

  • Iran/Volume 1 (Islamic Architecture) by Antony Hutt, Leonard Harrow

  • Iran/Volume 2 (Islamic Architecture) by Antony Hutt, Leonard Harrow

Hartel, Herbert.

  • Hartel, Herbert. Among the Ancient Silk Routes. New York: 1982.

Hartushi Tribe

Harvey, Janet.

Heywood, C. J.

  • Dr. C. J. Heywood Room 313. E-mail: ch1@soas.ac.uk

  • Lecturer in the History of the Near and Middle East SOAS University of London UK.

Hasalova, V.

  • Hasalova, V. & Vajdis, J. Folk Art of Czechoslovakia. 1974, Arco,

Haskins, John F.

  • Haskins, John F. Imperial Carpets From Peking. Pittsburgh: 1973.

Hasan, Rabi` Hamid Khalifah

  • Hasan, Rabi` Hamid Khalifah. "Ta'thirat Mamlukiyah `Uthmaniyah Mutabadalah fi Majal Sina`at al-Tuhaf al-Ma`daniyah" in Dirasat Athariyah Islamiyah. Vol. 4. 1990. 51-72.

Hassan, R

Hassouri, Ali.

  • Dr Ali Hassouri, formerly a lecturer at Shiraz University in the field of history, is compiling The Encyclopedia of Iran's Carpets.

  • Ph.D. in languages and culture of ancient Iran.

  • "Two Halves of the Same Carpet". Hamburg/Berlin ICOC7 1993.

  • Hassouri, Ali Sistan Carpet. Tehran 1993.

  • Hassouri, Ali: Turkman and Neighboring Tribes' Carpet Patterns. Tehran: 1992.

  • Ali Hassouri

    • Carpet Weaving Signs from the Bronze Age in Iran
      In a paper delivered at the Tehran conference in 1991, I introduced Bronze Age instruments of carpet weaving in Iran found mostly in women’s graves. After that I was able to discover two weaving instruments and two early mordants, one of them being a special clay containing iron sulfate and the other being animal urine. Such clay was used for many millennia in some religious baptism especially for women who wanted to dye their hair. Icom textiles working group. Newsletter

  • The art of carpet weaving in Iran lives on from one generation to another.

  • Oriental Rug Review, Volume 13/5

Hattab, Hassan.

  • Salafi Group for Call and Combat an offshoot of the Armed Islamic Group (GIA) is believed to be under the leadership of Hassan Hattab since 1999. His leadership has meant a shift of attacks from civilians to the Algierian military. Still the assasination of popular Berber singer Matoub Lounes in June of 1998 serves only to alliaenate the Salafi Group for Call and Combat from the Algerian people. Salafi Group for Call and Combat is believed to be part of al-Qaeda

Hawley, Walter A.


Hazledine, Anthony,

Headmasters Gallery,

  • Headmasters Gallery
    corner 175 Rosedale Road and Porter’s Lane
    St. Ives, NSW 2075, Australia
    Phone: 02.44.6561
    Fax: 02.653.2773
    Hours: Mon-Sat 10-5, Sun 10-4

Health Corp.

  • Iranian program under M.R. Pahlavi circa 1964 similar to US Peace Corp but for domestic health issues. This is part of the White Revolution.

Hecksher, George.

Hegenbart, Heinz.

  • Hegenbart, H. Ausgewahlte Orientalische Gewebe. 1982,

  • Hegenbart, H. Seltene Webatschen Aus Dem Orient / Rare Oriental Woven Bags. 1982,

  • Hegenbart, Heinz and Adil Besim: Rare Oriental Woven Bags: Collection Adil Besim. Verlag Kunst and Antiquitaten, Munich. : 1982.

Hein, Wilhelm.

  • Hein, Wilhelm. "Review of Le mobilier au Proche Orient médiéval, by J. Sadan" in Der Islam. Vol. 55. 1978. 173-174.

  • Hein, Wilhelm. "Ein datierbare Moscheelampe aus der Mamlukenzeit" in WZKM. Vol. 53. 1957. 88-91.

Hekmatyar, Gulbuddin

Helfgott, L.M.


  • Being of or in the style of Greece in the period of 323 B.C. to 27 B.C. Basicly from Alexander of Macedonia to Augustus of Rome.

Hemmendinger, Marjorie.

Henderson, Connie.

  • Connie Henderson is past President and a former board member of ACOR.

  • Rug Societies

Henderson, Julian.

  • Henderson, Julian. "Enamels on Ayyubid and Mamluk Glass Fragments" in Archeomaterials. Vol. 4: No. 2. 1990. 167-183.

Henderson, Loy.

Herald, Jacqueline.

  • Herald, Jacqueline. "Books". Hali 97, 1998. page 98. "Jacqueline Herald on Jenny Balfour-Paul's Indigo in the Arab World." "Books". Hali 97, 1998. page 98. "Jacqueline Herald on Jenny Balfour-Paul's Indigo in the Arab World."

  • Herald, Jacqueline. "Review of Resist Dyed Textiles from Quseir al-Qadim, Egypt, by Gillian M. Vogelsang-Eastwood" in Hali: The International Magazine of Fine Carpets and Textiles. Vol. 15: No. 67. 1993. 105-106.


Herbert, J.

  • Herbert, J. Affordable Oriental Rugs. 1980,


Galerie l’Heritage,

Hersberger, Richard.


Hermann, F.

  • Hermann, F. Teppiche Aus Dem Orient. 1986,

Herrmann, Eberhart.

Hersberger, Richard.

Herzig, Edmund M.

Heskia, Mansour.

Hewett, K.J.

Heyd, Uriel.

  • Heyd, Uriel. "Yerushalayim bi-Yeme ha-Mamlukim ve ha-Turkim" in Yerushalayim le-Doroteha: ha-Kinus ha-Artsi ha-21 li-Yedi`at ha-Arets. Aviram, Yosef (edited by). Jerusalem: Israel Exploration Society, 1968. 193-202. Additional volume title: Jerusalem through the Ages: The Twenty-fifth Archaeological Convention, October 1967; additional article title: "Jerusalem under the Mamluks and the Turks.

Heywood, C. J.

  • Heywood, C. J. "Review of The Age of the Crusades: The Near East from the Eleventh Century to 1517, by P. M. Holt" in JRAS. No. 1. 1987. 112-114.


  • There were two main factions of the Hezb-i-Islami. The larger faction was Gulbuddin Hekmatyar's Hezb-i-Islami. A smaller but highly effective unit as run by Mullah Yunus Khalis. It was the Khalis faction that Mullah Omar belonged.

  • Gulbuddin Hekmatyar's Hezb-i-Islami did not do much if any fighting during the Russian war against the Russians. The stored their weapons for fighting Afghan Muslems later on.


  • Hezb-i-Wadat is the main Hazara resistance movement. Usted Karim Khalili is the Chairman and Mohammed Muhaqiq is the main commander north of the Hindu Kush.

  • It appears that Hezb-i-Wadat under Usted Karim Khalili is working closely with Ismail Khan and Iran.



  • In 622 the Prophet fled from Mecca to Medina. This was the starting point of the Muslim calendar.

Hillenbrand, Carole.

Hillenbrand, Robert.

Hillman, Elsie .

Hillman, Michael C. Ph.D.

Hilpp, Roger.

  • "Ethnographic Rugs", Chicago: ACOR II, 1996

Hindu Kush Mountains

Hines of Oxfard,

Hintlian, Neshan.

  • Hintlian, Neshan. Oriental Rugs. Washington: (1930?).

Hirsch, Udo.

  • Hirsch, Udo and B. Balpinar. Anatolian Kilims. Milano: 1984.

  • Hirsch, Udo. "FRAGMENTS". Hali 97, 1998. page 65. "Textiles in Tbilisi."

Hirschberg, H. Z.

  • Hirschberg, H. Z. "The Works of Professor L. A. Mayer" in Eretz-Israel. Vol. 7. 1964. xix-xxvii. Volume title: L. A. Mayer Memorial Volume, edited by M. Avi-Yonah, et al.

Hispano-Moresque Pottery

Hiss, Alger.

Hitchcock, Eldred.

  • Hitchcock, Eldred. Islamic Pottery from the Ninth to the Fourteenth Centuries A.D. (Third to Eighth Centuries A.H.) in the Collection of Eldred Hitchcock. London: Faber and Faber Limited, 1961. With an introduction by Arthur Lane.


Hodgkin, Howard.

  • Hodgkin is a London UK collector who has two very important and early Mughal fragments mentioned and pictured in Walker's "Flowers Underfoot".

  • Selections from Collection in: Walker, Daniel. Flowers Underfoot

Hodjamukhamedov, N.

  • Hodjamukhamedov, N. et al. Carpets and Carpet Products of Turkmenistan. Ashkhabad: 1983.

Hoffman, Jim.

  • Hoffman, Jim. The Harrania Tapestries. New York: 1973.

Hoffmeister, Eva.

Hoffmeister, Peter.

  • Hoffmeister, Peter: Turkomen Carpets in Franconia. (Edinburgh): Crosby Press, 1980.

  • Hoffmeister, P. Tent Band - Tent Bag. 1988,

Holbein, Hans the Younger

Holmes, Lisbet.

Holmes, W. H.

  • Holmes, W. H. Textile Fabrics of Ancient Peru. 1890, Smithsonian Institution,

Holt, E.I.

  • Holt, S. P., Holt, E.I. Ackerman, P. & Pope, A. U. Woven Treasures of Persian Art. 1959, Los Angeles County Museum,

Holt, Peter Malcolm.

Holt, R. B.

  • Holt, R. B. Rugs Oriental and Occidental Antique and Modern. 1901, 1st edition, McClurg,

Holt, S. P.

  • Holt, S. P., Holt, E. I, Ackerman, P. & Pope, A. U. Woven Treasures of Persian Art. 1959, Los Angeles County Museum,

Holt, Stefania.

  • Holt, Stefania. Art of the Weaver. Los Angeles: 1954.

Holter, Kurt.

  • Holter, Kurt. "Die frühmamlukische Miniaturenmalerei" in Die graphischen Künste. Vol. (n.s.) 2. 1937. 1-14.

Homer, Julian. P. J.

Homme, Hans.


Hoopes, Townsend.

Hoover J. Edgar,

Hope, Jonathan.

Hopf, A.

  • Hopf, A. Oriental Carpets and Rugs. 1962, Viking,

Hopkins, Mark.

Soltan Hosayn Mirza Bayqara


Hort, R. Franklin.


  • A beautiful female creature not of the lineage of Adam but gennerally humanoid. Are identified as having deep black irises with brilliant white scalleras. There is no reason to think that they have two small horns and cloven hoves.

House, Michael.

  • House, Michael. "MARKETPLACE REPORT". Hali 98, 1998. page 103. "A new carpet industry for Hunza."

Housego, Jenny.

Hovanesian Rug Co.,

Howaida, Mohammad Sadiq.

  • Mohammad Sadiq Howaida (AKA Mohammed Saddiq Odeh) was the explosives man for the Embassy bombings in Nairobi and Dae Es Salam. He was arrested in Pakistan where he confessed.

  • The Confession of Mohammad Sadiq Howaida

  • Notes on the War on Terrorism

Howe R. John.

  • R. John periodically gets very nasty with me and I get strange insulting emails from him. Much of it has to do with Child Labor. John condemns me for my stand against child labor. I oppose exploiting children for money but John has close ties with men who admit to very questionable activities in Asia. I feel Asian children are deserving of the same protection as American children and should not be victimized. Still I like John and respect his ability. It is odd to me that John opposes the policy of his former employer the U.S. Department of Labor. USDoL firmly condemns Child Labor and child economic exploitation.

  • Retired Formerly Chief, Branch of Training and Development
    Employment Standards Administration
    U.S. Department of Labor
    Washington, D.C.

  • Howe R. John, The Moguls. Marin Rug Gallery


  • Howe R. John. Lectures

Howrey, Bobbie.

Hsieh, Daniel

Hu, W. C. C.

  • Hyman, N. D. & Hu, W. C. C. Carpets of China and its Border Regions.


  • Please see Humayun

  • Reigned 1530 - 1539 and 1555 - 1556

  • Sher Shah Suri defeats Humayun in 1539 and becomes Emperor of Delhi .

  • Humayun crossed over into Safavid Persia and gain the backing of Tahmasp Safavi Shahinshah of Persia after converting to Shia Islam.

  • Humayun entered the Mughal empire with an army. This started a 8 year war that finally resulted in Humayan entering Kabul as undisputed leader in 1553. At this point Humayun had his brother Kamran blinded and the court of Kamran was gone forever.

  • In 1555 Humayun control of the Delhi Sultanate.

  • Humayun ruled until his death in 1556.

  • Humayun's tomb, Delhi

Hubel, Reinhard G.

  • The late Reinhard Hubel was the author of "The Book of Carpets". Hubel was a leading German proponent of structural analysis as a key to rug attribution. His book gives structural analysis on about 300 various carpets so that we will be able to compare as a guide to attribution.

  • Hubel, Reinhard G. The Book of Carpets. 1979 reprint of the 1971 ed.,

  • Hubel, R. G. The Book Of Carpets. 1971

Hughes, P.

  • Hughes, P. Time Warps. Ancient Andean Textiles. 1995,

Hughes, Paul.


  • Named IL Khan by his bother Mangu Qan founded Il-Khanid Dynasty.

  • Hulagu, son of Tolui, grandson of Genghis Khan and brother to Mangu and Kublai

  • Hulagu ruled over the areas that today comprise Iran, eastern Iraq, western Afghanistan, and Turkmenistan.

  • In the 59-60 war of Mongol Imperial succession Hulagu sided with Mangu against The Golden horde and the Chagatai Horde.

Hull, A.

Hull, Edmund.

  • Edmund Hull was the State Department's Acting Coordinator for Counterterrorism. He was the senior advisor for the State Department program to counter terrorist use of a Weapon of Mass Destruction (WMD).


  • Son of Zahiruddin Muhammad Babur and father of Akbar.

  • Shir Shah Sur ruled Northern India from 1540 to 1555. He toppled Humayun and held out for 15 years until Humayun took back his Empire. In 1555 Humayun recovered the throne of Delhi from Sher Khan Lodi.

Humphries, S.

  • Humphries, S. Oriental Carpets, Runners and Rugs, With Some Jacquard Reproductions. A & C Black,1910,

Humphreys, R. Stephen.

Hunt, Lucy-Anne.

  • Hunt, Lucy-Anne. "Christian-Muslim Relations in Painting in Egypt of the Twelfth to Mid-Thirteenth Centuries: Sources of Wallpainting at Deir as-Suriani and the Illustrations of the New Testament MS Paris, Copte-Arabe 1/Cairo Bibl. 94" in Cahiers archéologiques: Fin de l'antiquité et Moyen Âge. Vol. 33. 1985. 111-155.

  • Hunt, Lucy-Anne. "The Illustration of a Thirteenth-Century New Testament Manuscript from Cairo (Paris, Institut catholique copte-arabe 1)" Ph.D. diss., Courtauld Institute of Art, London University, 1981.

Hunter, Cheri.

  • President of the Textile Museum Associates of Southern CA.

  • Rug Societies

Saddam Hussein

Hutchison, Bruce.

  • "Restoration From The Owner's Viewpoint", Chicago: Panelist ACOR II, 1996

Hyde Galleries.

  • Hyde Galleries. Kilims, The Traditional Tapestries of Turkey. 1979,

Hyde, J. S.

  • Hyde, J. S., Harmer, J., Lorimer, M. & Pickering, W. S. eds. Windows on the Maghrib. Tribal and Urban Weavings of Morocco. Knoxville: 1991.

Hyman, V. D.

  • Hyman, V. D. & Hu, W. C. C. Carpets of China and its Border Regions. 1982.

J. Barry O'Connell Jr.

Copyright Barry O'Connell 2004 - 2006.
Last revised: March 26, 2009.

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