Nazmiyal Antique Rugs

Persian Rugs

Turkmen Rugs/Turkmen Rugs

Baluch Rugs

Uzbek Rugs


Caucasian Rugs

Caucasian Rugs

Turkish Rugs/Turkish Rugs



New York Times Article

Greek Rugs

The Hazara

Islamic Art

Kirghis Rugs

The Pazyryk Carpet

McMullan on the Pazaryk

Moroccan Carpets

Rugs of Palestine

Rugs and Textiles

Major Rug Sites

Notes on the Shaykh Lutfallah Mosque

Time and Links

Guide to the Best Rug Societies

Guide to the Best Carpet Dealers of Alabama

Guide to the Best Carpet Dealers of Arizona

Guide to the Best Carpet Dealers of California

Guide to the Best Carpet Dealers of Colorado

Guide to the Best Carpet Dealers of Delaware

Guide to the Best Carpet Dealers of Florida

Guide to the Best Carpet Dealers of Georgia

Guide to the Best Carpet Dealers of Hawaii

Guide to the Best Carpet Dealers of Illinois

Guide to the Best Carpet Dealers of Indiana

Guide to the Best Carpet Dealers of Kansas

Guide to the Best Carpet Dealers of Kentucky

Guide to the Best Carpet Dealers of Maryland

Guide to the Best Carpet Dealers of Massachusetts

Guide to the Best Carpet Dealers of Missouri

Guide to the Best Carpet Dealers of New Hampshire

Guide to the Best Carpet Dealers of New Jersey

Guide to the Best Carpet Dealers of New Mexico

Guide to the Best Carpet Dealers of New York

Guide to the Best Carpet Dealers of Oregon

Guide to the Best Carpet Dealers of Pennsylvania

Guide to the Best Carpet Dealers of Tennessee

Guide to the Best Carpet Dealers of Texas

Guide to the Best Carpet Dealers of Vermont

Guide to the Best Carpet Dealers of Virginia

Guide to the Best Carpet Dealers of Washington

Guide to the Best Carpet Dealers of Washington DC

Guide to the Best Carpet Dealers of Italy

Guide to the Best Carpet Dealers of Germany

Guide to the Best Carpet Producers and Dealers of Turkey

Guide to the Best Carpet Dealers of the United Kingdom

Naein Rugs By Ehsan Afzalzadeh Naini Of Iran Rug Co.

Guide to the Best Carpet Producers and Dealers of Iran

Guide to the Best Auction Houses

Guide to the Best Book Dealers

Guide to the Best Carpet Cleaners and Restorers

Guide to the Best Carpet Producers and Dealers of Central Asia

Guide to the Best Rug & Carpet Appraisers

Old Main page - SW-Asia.com More Oriental Rug Notes by Barry O'Connell

Barry O'Connell's Oriental and Persian Rug Notes

Hagop Manoyan Antique RugsNazmiyal Antique Rugs

Rug Notes Index - J

The Persian Rugs Search Engine

Jackson, A. V. Williams,

  • Jackson, A. V. Williams, Persia Past and Present: A Book of Travel and Research, (London: 1906).

Jackson, Peter

  • Jackson, Peter (ed.), The Cambridge History of Iran, vol. 6: The Timurid and Safavid Periods, (London: 1968 et seq.).

Jacobs, Barry.

Jacobsen's Oriental Rugs

Jacobson, Charles W.

Jacoby, Heinrich.

Jaffe, Philip.


Jahan Carpets,


  • Jahangir Reigned 1628 - 1658

  • Jahangir succeeded his father Akbar and became an Shah of Shah or Padishah in India. Jahangir died in 1658.

  • As Prince Selim he had been in revolt against his father but reconciled shortly before Akbar's death.

Jain, Jyotindra.

  • Dhamija, Jasleen and Jyotindra Jain, Handwoven Fabrics of India, Mapin Publishing, Pvt., Ahmedabad, India, 1989 Dhamija, Jasleen, Iran's Crafts, Farabi University, Tehran, 1979.


  • Jaish-i-Mohammed is an offshoot of the Pakistan backed terrorist group Harakat-ul-Ansar. Mr. Azhar is the leader. Linked to al-Qaeda.

Jajim or chador-shab

  • A thin carpet made of stripes of cloth made like tent band that has been cut and stitched together.

Jalal al-Did Mirak Isphahani.

Jalal-Ud-Din Rumi



  • The Jalayirid were part of the IL-Khanid Mongol Horde who founded a dynasty after the break-up of the IL-Khanid Horde.

  • The Jalayirid ruled in Azerbaijan.

  • The Qara Qoyunlu were part of the Jalayirid IL



  • A Jaller is a Turkmen envelope shaped storage bag that is similar to but smaller than a Juval.

  • Jallers were very common but since they were made for use they do not show up as much in the west.

Jamali, Moe.

James, David.

  • James, David. "Some Observations on the Calligrapher and Illuminators of the Koran of Rukn al-Din Baybars al-Jashnagir" in Muqarnas: An Annual on Islamic Art and Architecture. Vol. 2. 1984. 147-157.

  • James, David. "Arab Painting, 358 A.H./969 A.D.-1112 A.H./1700 A.D." in Marg: A Magazine of the Arts. Vol. 29: No. 3. June 1976. 11-50.

  • James, David. "The Development of Qur'anic Calligraphy and Illumination under the Mamlukes, 1300-1376, and in Iraq and Iran in the Same Period" Ph.D. disertation., University of Durham, 1982.

  • James, David. "A Mamluk Qur'an" in Art at Auction: The Year at Sotheby's 1981-82. London: Sotheby Publications, 1982. 156-160.

  • James, David. "Mamluke Painting at the Time of the 'Lusignan Crusade,' 1365-70: A Study of the Chester Beatty Nihayat al-Su'l wa'l-Umniya . . . etc. MS of 1366" in Humaniora Islamica. Vol. 2. 1974. 73-87.

  • James, David. "The Mamluks of Egypt and Syria" in The Master Scribes: Qur'ans of the 10th to 14th Centuries, A.D.. Raby, Julian (edited by). Vol. 2. The Nasser D. Khalili Collection of Islamic Art. New York: The Nour Foundation with Azimuth Editions and Oxford University Press, 1992. 150-193.

  • James, David. Qur'ans and Bindings from the Chester Beatty Library: A Facsimile Exhibition. London: World of Islam Festival Trust, 1980.

  • James, David. Qur'ans of the Mamluks. New York: Thames and Hudson, 1988.

James, H.L.

  • James, H.L. Posts And Rugs. 1988, 2nd ed.,

Jami, Abdorrahman-e.

Jami' at-tawarikh.

  • Rashid ad-Din was the author of the Jami' at-tawarikh.

  • Rashid ad-Din was a Persian Jew who converted to Islam and served at the Mongol court in Persia.

  • Born in 1247 almost 30 years after Cingis Qan conquered Persia. He served Ghazan, Oljeitu and was executed in 1318 by Abu Sa'id.

  • He assembled a record of the Mongol dynasty called the "Jami' at-tawarikh".

  • There are splendid translations in Russian but I am unfamiliar with a full translation in English. J. A. Boyle translated parts of it and I believe he published some of it in:

    • Boyle, J. A., ed. The Cambridge History of Iran: Volume 5: The Saljuq and Mongol Periods. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1968

  • Russian translation

    • Rashid-ad-din. "Sbornik Letopisei,"

      • Vol. 1 translated by L. A. Khetagurov. Moscow-Leningrad 1952.

      • Vol. 1/2 translated by Yu P. Verkhovski Moscow-Leningrad 1960.

      • Vol III translated by A. K. Arends. Moscow-Leningrad 1946.

Jamiat-i-Islami Afghanistan

  • During the Russian war Dr. Syed Burhanudin Rabbani was the head of Jamiat-i-Islami Afghanistan, a primarily Tajik and Uzbek Mujaheddin group. The group was highly effective particularly in the Panjshir valley under Ahmad Shah Mahsud.

  • Strong links to the Moslem Brotherhood.


  • Taliban was created out of the refugee community in Pakistan and shaped into a rebel force under Pakistan Minister of the Interior General Naseerullah Babar. General Naseerullah Babar was a leader of the Jamiat-e-Ulema-i-Islami which was a political party that controlled the maddrasahs (religious schools) where the Talibs (students) we recruited to create Taliban. Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto sold out on Taliban to get Jamiat-e-Ulema-i-Islami support for her coalition Government.

Janata, Alfred.

  • Janata, Alfred. Aimaq, in Muslim Peoples: A World Ethnographic Survey, ed. Richard V. Weekes, Greenwood Press, Westport, pp. 8-12. 1978

  • Janata, Alfred. Flatweaves of West Afghanistan, Oriental Rug Review, vol. 4, no. 8, pp. 2-6. 1984

  • Janata, Alfred. The So-Called Herat Baluch Rugs and their Weavers, Oriental Carpet and Textile Studies I, London, pp. 165-171. 1985

  • Alfred Janata, Ethnologe (chairman of many years of the ARC);

  • Austrian emergency committee for Afghanistan, The Museum of Ethnology, Vienna

  • Janata, Alfred. Korean painting / Alfred Janata ; translated by Margaret Shenfield. New York : Crown Publishers, 1964. ND1060 .J313 1964

  • Alfred Janata,Hermann M. Pressl, Karlfried Wutt, Ingeborg Baldauf-Thalhammer, et al.: Various collections of music, oral tradition and linguistic recordings from Afghanistan and Northern Pakistan, 1958-1978;

  • Schmuck in Afghanistan
    Janata, Alfred
    Photographs by Robert Braunmüller
    Graz 1981 . 212 pp., 24 colour plates, 50 black-and white plates with altogether more than 300 illustrations, size: 22 x 28,5 cm, cloth with colour jaket.

  • Beiträge zur Südasienforschung
    [Contributions to South Asian Studies]
    Band [nos.] 51 - 100
    Südasien-Institut, Universität Heidelberg
    [South Asia Institute, Heidelberg University]

    Stuttgart: Steiner
    ISSN 0170-3137

    Alfred Janata : Ethnogenetische Prozesse in West- und Zentral-Afghanistan [Ethnogenetic processes in West and Central Afghanistan] pp. 319-330, Karte [map] 1 : Karte von [map of] Afghanistan p. 321, Karte [map] 2 : Verbreitung der westafghanischen Char Aimaq-Stämme und die Sitze der jeweiligen Stammeschefs, um 1880 [Spread of the West Afghan Char Aimaq tribes and their respective clan chiefs' seats, ca. 1880] p. 326, Bibliographie [bibliography] pp. 329-330.

Janid or Astrakhanid dynasty:

  • Baqi Muhammad Bahadur, Khan 1598-1605 at Bukhara. Grandson (via daughter) of Khan Iskandar of Samarkand and descendant of a brother of Ahmad Khan, Khan of the Golden Horde (himself descendant of Chingis Khan). Brother of:

  • Wali Muhammad, Khan at Balkh, Afghanistan 1599-1608 and at Bukhara 1605-1608,

  • Sayyid Imam Quli Bahadur, Khan 1608-1640. Son of a brother of Khan Baqi Muhammad and brother of:

  • Sayyid Nadir Muhammad Bahadur, Khan 1640-1647 or 1651. Father of:

  • Sayyid Abdul Aziz, Khan 1647-1680. Brother of:

  • Sayyid Subhan Quli Muhammad Bahadur, Khan at Balkh, Afghanistan 1657-1701 or 1702 and at Bukhara 1680-1701 or 1702. Grandfather of:

  • Muhammad Makim Khan, Khan at Balkh, Afghanistan 1701 or 1702-1706 or 1707,

  • Sayyid Ubaidullah I Muhammad Bahadur, Khan at Bukhara 1701 or 1702-1705 or 1711. Son of Khan Subhan Quli and brother of:

  • Sayyid Abul Faid Muhammad, Khan 1705 or 1711-1747. Father of:

  • Sayyid Abdul Mumin (II) Muhammad, Khan 1747-1751. Brother of:

  • Sayyid Ubaidullah II, Khan 1751-1752 or 1753,

  • Sayyid Abul Ghazi Bahadur, Khan 1758-1785. Descendant of Khan Imam Quli,

Janissaries The Destruction of the Janissaries 1826

Jarman, Shirley.

  • "Some Comparisons Between Old and New Baluch Rugs". Washington DC: ICOC 1980.

Jay, Sian.

  • Jay, Sian. "BOOKS". Hali 97, 1998. page 98. "Sian Jay on Contemporary Tie and Dye Textiles of Indonesia, by Kim Jane Saunders."

Jayakar, P.


  • A garment, usually without a collar, made of naturally pink colored cotton fiber, especially favored by the mollas or mystics.Alpamysh. Chapter 3 note 30.

Jenkins, Arthur D.

Jenkins, Marilyn.

  • Jenkins, Marilyn. "Mamluk Jewelry: Influences and Echoes" in Muqarnas: An Annual on Islamic Art and Architecture. Vol. 5. 1988. 29-42.

  • Jenkins, Marilyn. Islamic Pottery: A Brief History. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1983.

  • Jenkins, Marilyn. "Mamluk Underglaze-Painted Pottery: Foundations for Future Study" in Muqarnas: An Annual on Islamic Art and Architecture. Vol. 2. 1984. 95-114.

Jensen, Inge.

  • Jensen, Inge. Caucasian Rugs - A Private Danish Collection. Denmark: 1974.

Jereb, James F.

Jerrehian, Aram.

  • Jerrehian, Aram. Oriental Rug Primer. NY: 1980.

Jettmar, Karl.

  • Jettmar, Karl. Art of the Steppes. NY: 1967.

Jevremovic, George.

  • Jevremovic, George. Black Mountain Looms. Vol 1. 1994,

  • Jevremovic, George. Azeri, Folklife Carpets ; (Philadelphia): 1992.



  • A jijim is a rug made from narrow bands of fabric.

Jo‘l, Guillermina.

  • Jo‘l, Guillermina. "Céramiques glaçurées d'époque islamique trouvées à Tôd" in AI. Vol. 26. 1992. 1-18.


  • Jochi was the eldest son of Cinggiz Qan and Borte. In a revenge rain by the Merkid tribe Borte was taken and ravished. Cleaves, Secret History of the Mongols Quatrain 104.

  • It was from that union that Jochi is believed to have come. There is a view that Borte was pregnant before the raid. This is based on Rashid's Collected Chronicales that defends the honor of Borte but that view is not widely held. Blackwell translation of Ratchnevsky, Genghis Khan

  • The illigetimacy issue appears to have colored Cengiz Qan's feelings towards Jochi.

  • Batu son of Jochi grandson of Cengiz Qan founded the Golden Horde

C John (Rare Rugs) Ltd

Johns, C. N.

  • Johns, C. N. "Medieval Slip Ware from Pilgrims' Castle, `Atlit (1930-1)" in QDAP. Vol. 3. 1934. 136-144.

John of Austria,

  • Spanish admiral and general, born 1545 died 1578

  • Bastard son of Holy Roman Emperor Charles V.

  • Commander of the fleet of Spain, Venice, and the Papal States of Italy in the Battle of Lepanto, 1571. Led the fleet to a crushing defeat of the Ottoman Navy.

The Joint Terrorism Task Forces

  • The Task Forces were established to integrate the resources and expertise of the law enforcement authorities of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), the Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS), the U.S. Customs Service, ATF, Secret Service and state and local law enforcement.

Jones, Mrs. H. McCoy (Caroline).

  • Widow of H. McCoy Jones and a noted collector of Kilims. Her collection now resides in a San Francisco Museum with her husbands collection.

  • Caroline McCoy Jones

Jones, H. McCoy.

  • McCoy Jones was a prominent east coast Turkmen amd Baluch rug collector. He was a member of the Hajji Baba Club and was founder of the International Hajji Baba Club. He left his collection to the De Young Museum in San Francisco. Charles Grant Ellis refered to McCoy Jones as Uncle Piggy in CONVERSATION WITH CHARLES GRANT ELLIS.

  • Jones, H. McCoy. and Yohe, Ralph S. Turkish Rugs.

  • Brooke Pickering - Rug Brat

  • Jones, H. McCoy: The Ersari and Their Weavings. Washington: 1969.

  • Jones, H. McCoy: Rugs of the Yomud Tribes. Washington D.C.: Washington Hajji Baba Society,1970.

  • Jones, McCoy et al. Persian Tribal Rugs Washington. Washington Hajji Baba, 1971.

  • Jones, H. McCoy and Jeff W. Boucher: Weaving of the Tribes in Afghanistan ; Washington D.C.:Washington Hajji Baba 1972.

  • Jones, H. McCoy and J. Boucher: Tribal Rugs from Turkmenistan ; Washington: 1973.

  • Jones, H. McCoy, and Boucher,Jeff. Baluchi Rugs; An Exhibition Featuring Rugs of the Baluchi Tribes of Iran and Afghanistan, International Hajji Baba Society, Washington. 1974

  • Jones, H. McCoy and Jeff W. Boucher: The Ersari and their Weaving ; Washington: 1975.

Jones, M.

  • Jones, M. Fake? The Art of Deception. 1990,


Amos Josephon Antique Carpets,

Sam Joseph’s Oriental Rug Imports,

Joseph's Oriental Rugs

Jourdan, Uwe.

Journal of Indo-European Studies


  • Jozan - Magazine about Oriental rugs with a large number of rug images. The magazine includes links to rug sites, auction news and articles. English and Scandinavian versions.

Judge,.Robert A "Bobby"

  • Jun. 14--The political connections of Robert A. Judge Sr., former Pennsylvania revenue secretary, were primarily why he was chosen last month as the new chief executive officer of the Convention Center.
    Now those political connections may force him out of the job before he begins his first day.
    Judge's appointment violates a provision in a 1986 state law that specifically restricts the Convention Center from hiring managers whose family members are political party officers, public officers, or public officials.
    There are at least three violations of state law in Judge's appointment: His father, Thomas J. Judge Sr., is the longtime chairman of the Delaware County Republican Party, as well as Delaware County's recorder of deeds, which is an appointed position, making him a public official. His brother, Thomas J. Judge Jr., is also a public official: the appointed chief administrative officer for Upper Darby Township.

  • Audit reveals Lottery error cover-up


  • Ottoman/Safavi Foreign Affairs - Julfa

  • In times past there were many churches in Julfa: the Amenaprkich Monastery, the churches of St. Astvadzadzin, St. Gevorg, St. Minas, St. Hovhannes, St. Hakob, Amenasurb, Yerordutiun (Holy Trinity) or Upper Kattan, Andreordi, Pombloz, and others, some of which still exist though partially destroyed.  Khachkar Forest


  • Julkhyr means Bearskin in Uzbek and is the name for a group of long pile, low knot count Uzbek rugs.

  • Uzbek Julkhyr Rug

Jull, A. J. Timothy.

Jungfleisch, Marcel.

  • Jungfleisch, Marcel. "L'apparition de la formule `azza nasrahu sur les monnaies musulmanes" in Bulletin de l'Institut d'Égypte. Vol. (Session 1926-1927) 9. 1927. 51-55.

  • Jungfleisch, Marcel. "Monnaies ou poids ou 'monnaies-poids' du sultan mamelouk Haggy II" in Bulletin de l'Institut d'Égypte. Vol. (Session 1948-1949) 31. 1949. 39-47.

  • Jungfleisch, Marcel. "Review of Gaibi et les grands faïenciers égyptiens d'époque mamlouke, by Armand Abel" in BIE. Vol. 14. 1931-1932. 257-274.

  • Jungfleisch, Marcel. "Tentative d'identifier les petits bronzes frappés par les deux Mouayad (Mamelouks Bourguites)" in Bulletin de l'Institut d'Égypte. Vol. (Session 1946-1947) 29. 1948. 45-50.

Justin, Valerie.

  • Collector and curator of TEXTILES FROM VANISHING CULTURES, an exhibit that has been shown at over a dozen university and community galleries.

  • Ex-President of Textile Museum Associates of Southern California.

  • A former chair of Folk Art Council, Craft&Folk Art Museum, L.A.

  • Member of the Advisory Council of the Textile Museum, Washington, D.C. 1992-1998.

  • President of The Pillowry, rug and textile showroom in Los Angeles. From 1976 in the Design Center (Blue Whale) and now represented at Hansen Collections on Melrose Avenue.

  • Justin, Valerie Flat-Woven Rugs of the World: Kilim, Soumak, and Brocading Van Nostrand Reinold NY 1980,

  • Walking to Eastern Turkestan, by Valerie Justin

  • Shawls of the Berbers of the Atlas Mountains, by Valerie Justin Vol. 11, No. 4, April/May, 1991

  • Woven Jewels: Tibetan Rugs from Southern California Collections, Review by Valerie Justin

  • An Interview with Tom Rutherford, by Valerie Justin

  • "The Brick Rugs of Margaret Kerr", Justin, Valerie, Orriental Rug Review, XII/5/30-35

  • VanishingTextiles on eBay

  • JUSTIN, VALERIE, Flat-woven Rugs of the World, Kilim, Soumak and Brocading, Van Nostrand Reinhold Co., New York, 1980.


  • Juval - Joval, Chuval, Tschoval. A large rectangular bedding and clothing bag used by Turkmen. The bags are up to about 3 ft. by 6 ft. They are most often pile on one side but may be flatweave. The large bags are woven as pairs but used singularly.

  • Guide to Turkmen Rugs & Carpets

Link To Yomud Juval example
Click juval image for more detail.

J. Barry O'Connell Jr.

Copyright Barry O'Connell 2004 - 2006.
Last revised: March 13, 2009.

Index to my Rug Notes

How Do I Find An Honest Rug Dealer?