Nazmiyal Antique Rugs

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Caucasian Rugs

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New York Times Article

Greek Rugs

The Hazara

Islamic Art

Kirghis Rugs

The Pazyryk Carpet

McMullan on the Pazaryk

Moroccan Carpets

Rugs of Palestine

Rugs and Textiles

Major Rug Sites

Notes on the Shaykh Lutfallah Mosque

Time and Links

Guide to the Best Rug Societies

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Guide to the Best Carpet Producers and Dealers of Turkey

Guide to the Best Carpet Dealers of the United Kingdom

Naein Rugs By Ehsan Afzalzadeh Naini Of Iran Rug Co.

Guide to the Best Carpet Producers and Dealers of Iran

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Old Main page - SW-Asia.com More Oriental Rug Notes by Barry O'Connell

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L. & M. Naalbandian,

Nalbandian Tapis d'Orient,

Nadir Shah.

Nadvi, Syed Suleiman,

  • Nadvi, Syed Suleiman, "Commercial Relations of India with Arabia," in Islamic Culture (April 1933), pp. 284-5.



Nagorno Karabakh

  • I have removed my notes on Nagorno Karabakh because of the unceasing complaints of the Armenian people. Let someone else write about these people I shall keep my notes private.


  • Nahavand or Nehavend is a town in the Hamadan area that produces larger rugs that are similar in style to some rugs from the Sarouk area. They are single wefted, cotton foundation, Turkish knotted rugs.

  • W&W Nahavend Rug



  • Western part of Azerbaijan. Also spelled Naxcivan.

  • This is an autonomous republic of Azerbaijan that is separated from the main body of Azerbaijan by Armenia. Besides Armenia it is bordered by the Islamic Republic of Iran and Turkey.

  • It has a population of about 310,000 and a land mass of 2,124 square miles.

  • Julfa is in Nakhichevan.

  • This wonderfully atmospheric semi-desert region is separated from the main portion of Azerbaijan by Armenia. Facilities are very basic and heating fuel is hard to find in the winter, but the arid mountains bordering Armenia and Iran are magnificent. As an autonomous republic within Azerbaijan, Naxcivan. has its own parliament (President Aliyev is the former parliamentary speaker) and tourists need special permission to visit. The main city, also called Naxcivan., was an ancient trading center. According to Armenian legend, the city was founded by Noah. http://www.usembassybaku.org/post/city.htm

  • There was a significant Armenian population circa 1600. Many of these Armenians lived in Julfa and were force to move to the Safavid capital at Isfahan where they establihed New Julfa.

Namangani, Juma.

Nanavati, J. M.

  • Nanavati, J. M., and Dhaky, M. A., The Ceilings in the Temples of Gujarat, Bulletin of the Baroda Museum and Picture Gallery, vols.VI- XVII, Baroda: 1963.


The Narenjestan (Palace Museum Shiraz)

  • A Qajar Palace that became the home of the Asian Institute and Shiraz University.

  • It was here that Professor Arthur Upham Pope and Phyllis Ackerman worked

  • Type of objects: Archaeological items, photographs, slides

  • Visiting hours: Every day from 7:00 to 13:00

  • Address: Shiraz, Zand Avenue

  • Telephone: (071) 22205

National Geographic Magazine.

  • National Geographic Magazine. April 1921,

Narkiss, Bezalel

  • Narkiss, Bezalel (ED.) Armenian Art Treasures of Jerusalem In collaboration with Michael E. Stone, Avedis K. Sanjian. 1980.

Narvani Carpets,

Nasir al-Din

Nath, R.

  • Nath, R., History of Sultanate Architecture, (Delhi: 1978).

Natschlager, Helga.

  • Natschlager, Helga and Angela Volker: Knupfteppiche aus China und Ostturkestan ; Wien: 1986.

The National Brukenthal Museum

  • "The National Brukenthal Museum in Sibiu is well-known as an institution of European prestige and one of the greatest Romanian museums. Its collections were constituted by baron Samuel von Brukenthal (1721-1803), governor of Transylvania between 1777-1787. In 1790 - three years before the Louvre was opened - the collections of Samuel von Brukenthal could be visited. The official opening of the museum took place on the 25th of February 1817; it is the first museum in Romania that has been functioning ever since." Welcome to the National Brukenthal Museum!

  • The National Brukenthal Museum
    4-5 Piata Mare RO-2400 Sibiu ROMÂNIA
    Tel : (+40) 69 211699, 217691 Fax : (+40) 69 211545
    Opening hours:

    • Summer : daily 9 a.m.- 5 p.m., Monday closed
      Winter : daily 10 a.m.- 4 p.m., Monday closed

National Museum of Art of Romania

  • Calea Victoriei no. 49-53, 70101 Bucharest, Romania
    Telephone: Facsimile: (401) 314 81 19 , 313 30 30 (401) 312 43 27
    Opening hours: Closed: Wednesday - Sunday, 11.00 a.m. - 7.00 p.m. (May - September) 10.00 a.m. - 6.00 p.m. (October - April) Monday, Tuesday, January 1, Easter Day, 25 December

National Security Agency

  • The National Security Agency is the Nation's cryptologic organization. It coordinates, directs, and performs highly specialized activities to protect U.S. information systems and produce foreign intelligence information. A high technology organization, NSA is on the frontiers of communications and data processing. It is also one of the most important centers of foreign language analysis and research within the Government. About the National Security Agency

National Security Council

  • The National Security Council was established by the National Security Act of 1947. Hoopes. The Limits of Intervention. Pg. 2. James Forrestal and Ferdinand Eberstadt were instrumental in creating the NSC.

  • The National Security Council was established by the National Security Act of 1947 (PL 235 - 61 Stat. 496; U.S.C. 402), amended by the National Security Act Amendments of 1949 (63 Stat. 579; 50 U.S.C. 401 et seq.). Later in 1949, as part of the Reorganization Plan, the Council was placed in the Executive Office of the President. National Security Council

    • Samuel Berger - Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs

    • James B. Steinberg - Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs

    • Mara Rudman - Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs.



  • A decorative tent band.

Nazarian, Elsie.

  • Long time established Armenian rug dealer on Wisconsin Ave. in Chevy Chase, Maryland.

  • Associated with the Textile Museum.

  • Misrepresented a rug in a 20/20 sting and was shown on national television.

Neamti, Parviz

  • New York and London rug dealer and author of a controversial book based on a inflation scenario rug investing scheme called "Rugs to Riches".

Near Eastern Art Research Center

Necipoglu, G.

  • Necipoglu, G., "From International Timurid to Ottoman: a Change of taste in 16th Century Ceramic Tiles," in Muqarnas 7 (1990), 136-70.

  • Necipoglu, G. Architecture, Ceremonial and Power: The Topkapi Palace in the 15th and 16th Centuries, Cambridge, MA: 1991.

Neff, Ivan C.

  • Neff, Ivan C.and Maggs, Carol V. Dictionary of Oriental Rugs. New York.

  • Neff, Ivan C. Dictionary of Oriental Rugs, with a Monograph on Identification by Weave. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold Co., 1977.

Nejad, Aaron.

Nels, Paul.

  • Prominent London UK dealer.

Nersessian, Verg.

  • Nersessian, Verg. Armenian Illuminated Gospel Books. 1987.

Netanyahu, Benjamin

Neuber, E.

  • Butterweck, G., Kryza-Gersch, F., Neuber, E., Roth, F.O., Stanzer, W., & Trimbacher, P. Antique Anatolian Carpets.

Neugebauer, R.

  • Neugebauer, R. & Orendi, J. Handbuch Der Orientalischen Teppichkunde. 1922,

  • Neugebauer, R. and J. Orendi: Orientalische Teppichkunde (Band IV). Leipzig: 1922.

Neumann, Reingard

  • Neumann, Reingard 1988 Persische Seiden: Die Gewebekunst der Safawiden und ihrer Nachfolger. Seeman, Leipzig.

Neuter, Robert.

Nevo, Joseph.

  • Joseph Nevo was formerly a Professor in the engineering department at Bucknell University. Joe now operates Joseph Nevo Oriental Rugs, Routes 11 & 15 Shamokin Dam, Pa.

  • Joe sold me my first war rug.

Newhall, Amy Whittier.

  • Newhall, Amy Whittier. "The Patronage of the Mamluk Sultan Qa'it Bay, 872-901/1468-1496" Ph.D. diss., Harvard University, 1987.

  • Newhall, Amy Whittier. "Polychrome Underglaze Pottery of the Ayyubid and Bahri Periods" Master's thesis, American University in Cairo, 1978.

Newman, Richard.

  • "Restoration From The Owner's Viewpoint", Chicago: Panelist ACOR II, 1996

Newman, Ronnie.

  • Newman is a New Jersey Actor and rug dealer with a wonderful eye for antique pieces. Sells primarily to the trade.

  • Has had the first page of the Hali market place for many years.

  • "Miniature Chinese Masterpieces", Chicago: ACOR II, 1996

  • Ronnie Newman, Interview by Ron O'Callaghan. A conversation with one of this country's premier antique rug dealers Oriental Rug Review, Vol. 13, Nos. 5 & 6, June/July, 1993, August/September, 1993

  • I once tried to buy a rug from Newman and he talked me out of it. He convinced me he was too expensive.

Nickel, Helmut.

  • Nickel, Helmut. "A Mamluk Axe" in Islamic Art in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Ettinghausen, Richard (edited by). New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1972. 213-225.

  • Nickel, Helmut. "A Mamluk Axe" in Islamic Arms and Armour. Elgood, Robert (edited by). London: Scolar Press, 1979. 149-161.


  • Members of a Tamma of Golden Horde warriors ended up in Afghanistan about 1261 and are known to us as Qaraunus or Nicudari. (They were unable to return to the Horde because of war with the Il-Khanids) Morgan, The Mongols. Page 95.

  • I suggest that today they are the Taimani of the Chahar Aymaq.

Nitze, Paul.

  • Cyrus Vance was Deputy Secretary of Defense under Robert McNamara and his closest advisor. He resigned in 1967 due to serious back problems. Paul Nitze then replaced Vance. Hoopes. The Limits of Intervention. Page 52.

van Nieuwenhuijze, C. A. O.

  • van Nieuwenhuijze, C. A. O. "Review of Middle Eastern Cities: A Symposium on Ancient, Islamic, and Contemporary Middle Eastern Urbanism, edited by Ira M. Lapidus" in Bibliotheca Orientalis. Vol. 28. 1971. 181-182.


  • Ningxia a province in China, Yinchuan is the capital. It is a source of a particular type of rug.

  • Ninghsia Carpet, Sa98n148

  • Ninghsia Rug, s1287n14

  • Ninghsia "100 Antiques", sd95n28; Rug


  • Niya was a city in what is now the Taklamakan Desert

  • It was an important city on a southern route of the Silk Route from about 500 to 1000 A.D

  • Rediscovered and looted by British adventurer Aurel Stein..

Niyazi, Muhammad.


Mille E Un Nodo.

Nogues, Dorothée.

  • Nogues, Dorothée. "Review of La céramique islamique, by Jean Soustiel" in Der Islam. Vol. 64. 1987. 363-364.


  • Nordwest-Amazoniens. 1979, reprint from Verh. Naturf. Ges. Basel, 90:61-130,

Norris, H. T.

  • Norris, H. T. "Review of The Arabian Nights: A Companion, by Robert Irwin" in BSOAS. Vol. 58. 1995. 148-149.

  • Norris, H. T. "Review of Ibn `Ata' Allah (m. 709/1309) et la naissance de la confrérie sadilite, by Paul Nwyia" in BSOAS. Vol. 36. 1973. 204-.

  • Norris, H. T. "Review of Ibn `Ata'illah's Sufi Aphorisms (Kitab al-Hikam), translated and edited by Victor Danner" in BSOAS. Vol. 37. 1974. 458-459.

  • Norris, H. T. "Review of Jalal al-Din al-Suyuti, by Elizabeth M. Sartain" in BSOAS. Vol. 39. 1976. 653-655.

  • Norris, H. T. "Review of Story-Telling Techniques in the Arabian Nights, by David Pinault" in BSOAS. Vol. 57. 1994. 231-232.

  • Norris, H. T. "Review of La signification du Bas Moyen Âge dans l'histoire et la culture du monde musulman: Actes du 8me Congrès de l'Union européenne des arabisants et islamisants" in BSOAS. Vol. 43. 1980. 174.

  • Norris, H. T. "Ibn Battuta's Journey in the North-Eastern Balkans" in Journal of Islamic Studies. Vol. 5: No. 2. 1994. 209-220.

  • Norris, H. T. "Review of Musawwadat Kitab al-Mawa`iz wa-al-I`tibar fi Dhikr al-Khitat wa-al-Athar, by Taqi al-Din Ahmad al-Maqrizi, edited by Ayman Fu'ad Sayyid" in BSOAS. Vol. 60. 1997. 356-357.

  • Norris, H. T. "Review of An Ocean without Shore: Ibn `Arabi, the Book, and the Law, by Michel Chodkiewicz" in BSOAS. Vol. 58: No. 1. 1995. 125-126.

  • Norris, Harry T. "Sayf b. Di Yazan and the Book of the History of the Nile" in Quaderni di Studi Arabi. Vol. 7. 1989. 125-151.

Northern Alliance

Notarnicola, Cathy.


  • Major carpet importer and wholesaler.

  • Based in Secaucas, New Jersey.

Nuristan or Kafiristan, Afghanistan

Nuwaihi, Muhammad

  • Nuwaihi, Muhammad Al- Muhadaraat Fi Tabee'atAl-fann Wa Masuliyyatal-Fannan. Cairo: 1957. (Lectures Series, Arab Higher Studies Institute, Arab League, Cairo)

Nuwaysar, Husni Muhammad

  • Nuwaysar, Husni Muhammad. "Dirasah `an Ba`d Dikak al-Mu'adhdhinin fi al-`Asrayn al-Mamluki al-Jirakisi wa-al-`Uthmani bi-Madinat al-Qahirah" in AI. Vol. 25. 1991. 11-48.

J. Barry O'Connell Jr.

Copyright Barry O'Connell 2004 - 2006.
Last revised: March 13, 2009.

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