Rug Notes Index - P
Pacific Asia museum is located
at 46 North Los Robles Avenue, one half block north of Colorado
Boulevard in downtown Pasadena. For more information about Pacific Asia
museum call 626/449-2742, fax 626/449-2754 www.pacasiamuseum.org/
Pacific Asia Museum. Woven
Jewels, Tibetan Rugs from Southern California Collections. Pasadena:
Asia Museum - Pasadena, CA
Pahlavi, Mohammed Reza
General Abdul Malik Pahlawan or
General Abdul Malik, a former aide to General Dostum. Upset over the
death of his brother Pahlawan sold out Dostum to the Taliban for money.
He revolted 3 days after Taliban took Mazar-i-Sharif. Pahlawan ordered
the execution of about 3,000 Taliban prisoners. He allowed raping,
looting and genocide by his men.
Abdul Malik also sold out Ismail
Khan to the Taliban at a May 18, 1997 breakfast meeting that was
actually an ambush.
Paiwand has an important
personal collection of Rugs from Afghanistan.
He is an expert on Baluch and the other weaving groups of Afghanistan.
R. D. Oriental Rugs Volume 3 The Carpets of Afghanistan.
Trusted Resource List -
Rug & Carpet Dealers Outside The U.S.
New Turkoman and Baluch Rug
Shop Opens in Toronto
On a recent trip to Canada, we
were pleased to visit Shir Paiwand, one of our rug dealer friends from
Afghanistan, who has recently opened a rug shop in Toronto. In
Kabul he stressed condition in his inventory of old rugs and
this is still true of his current inventory. It has been s time since
we have been in a rug shop in the United States or Canada with as
extensive an inventory of new and old Baluch and Turkoman rugs, and it
was a pleasant experience. We saw some roomsize Turkoman and Baluch
pieces of a quality; condition, and age that we have not seen for
years. Certainly recent shipments from Afghanistan that we have seen
had little to compare with these. We wish Paiwand well and encourage
readers to visit the shop when in Toronto:
234 Queen Street East Toronto,
Ontario M5A 1S3
George O'Bannon Rug Notes, 8/4
H. B. D. Phil.
The Dr. Pratapaditya Pal Page
The PIJ, or Palestine Islamic
Jihad. Formed among the militant Palestinians in the Gaza Strip during
the 1970s, this group is committed to the creation of an Islamic
Palestinian state and the destruction of Israel through holy war. The
PIJ regards the United States as an enemy because of its support for
The PLO or Palestinian
Liberation Organization was once more radical then it is today. The PLO
transitioned from Terrorism to Government and today no longer merit's
inclusion on a terrorist list.
The PLO is a union of many
closely aligned groups with similar aims.
The PLO is an umbrella
organization composed of several groups with diverse ideologies that
have as their common goal the achievement of a Palestinian state. The
PLO is governed by its parliament, the Palestine National Council
(PNC), which is made up of representatives from the PLO member groups
as well as independent members. The real power is heald by the 15
member Executive Committee that meets regularly and functions much like
a board of directors.
Palmer, Alan, The Decline and
Fall of the Ottoman Empire, New York, Barnes and Noble Books, 1992.
Parsons has written the single
best book on the rugs of Afghanistan.
He was the buyer for OCM and has a detailed knowledge of what was in
the Afghan market in the 1970s.
He now operates a carpet shop in
R. D. Oriental Rugs Volume 3 The Carpets of Afghanistan.
1990, 3rd ed.,
Rugs Vol.3 - Afghanistan
The author provides a new
introduction and two additional chapters dealing with the huge refugee
problem and consequent changes in carpet production.
Forty supplementary colour plates
illustrate and enhance this new material which, combined with the
original text and illustrations, guide the keen collector and the
first-time buyer through a labyrinth of fascinating choices.
Author Richard Parsons, for many
years buyer in Afghanistan for the well-known firm O.C.M. (London)
Ltd., treats the reader to not only a veritable feast of carpets and
rugs, all with their attendant tribal origins and motifs vividly
explained, but also to a fascinating journey through the history of a
diverse, colourful, multiracial country.
The author shares his respect and
admiration for Afghanistan’s stoic people, who somehow, despite
political upheavals, forced resettlement, a harsh climate, and often
primitive nomadic living conditions, manage to fashion exquisite works
of art which reflect their pride in their many-faceted heritage. Afghan
rugs, which are instantly appealing due to their traditional colours
and bold designs, open up a whole new vista for the collector, from
sumptuous piled purdahs to flat woven prayer rugs.
On completing his National Service in Egypt, Richard Parsons spent some
time with the Colonial Service, before joining a Mining Finance house
and working for several years in West Africa before being posted to
Teheran. Here he fell in love with Oriental carpets and on completion
of his assignment in Iran, faced with the prospect of a London office,
he abandoned his career for the carpet trade, to the consternation of
his family and friends.
He subsequently joined the
prestigious firm of Oriental Carpet Wholesalers in the U.K., whose
agents buy from all over the carpet- making world for sale in the U.K.
and redistribution all over the world. After training at the London
warehouse and in Iran, he was sent to Afghanistan as assistant buyer.
He soon took over full responsibilities staying on in Afghanistan until
1979, when that country was occupied by the Soviet Union, then went as
buyer to Pakistan, where he lived and worked until the end of 1981.
Richard Parsons now works in Hong Kong.
His knowledge and love of Afghan
rugs have prompted him to devote a great deal of time researching,
writing and recording for posterity the details of rug production and
tribal history in that remote but beautiful country.1851491449
Companies recently acquired a retail property at the corner
of Wisconsin and Woodmont Avenues in the Bethesda, MD central business
district. Known as the home of Parvizian Rugs and the defunct Bell
Laundry, the three contiguous buildings covering 41,000 sq.ft. will be
renovated and renamed Bethesda Corner. The site is presently 50%
occupied. The seller was Metropolitan Properties and financing was
provided by Crestar Bank.
For more information, contact Charlie Nulsen at (703-760-9500). Issue
Home Furnishings by Parvizian
has taken over the former Artefact space at 4901 Richmond near the West
Gus Parvizian has come out of
retirement to purchase the 18,000-square-foot building for $2.7
million. Parvizian is planning to add 7,000 square feet to the store,
which is scheduled to open in January.
Parvizian Masterpiece Oriental
Rugs opened in Houston 23 years ago, but Parvizian's new venture will
offer furniture for the first time, along with some of the company's
The store will feature top-end
furniture from the United States, France, Italy and Spain. Designer
services also will be available to customers. Kmart's blue light growing dimmer as
potential closures loom - 2002-11-11 - Houston Business Journal
Mr. & Mrs. Abdi
Parvizian hired Suburban Video to record their daughter's Persian
Wedding Celebration at the ANA Hotel, Washington DC. Our
experience with a wide variety and number of ethnic weddings allowed
Suburban Video to provide the exact type of video coverage required
during these artistic and complicated events. The Bride
ordered our Crystal Reel Highlight Version, which is an
elegantly-styled and creative rendering of the affair fit for broadcast
on television. Suburban Video mixed Persian and American
music to cover the highlights, and added live audio from the vows along
with slow motion, layered dissolves and Black & White sections
of video footage. "The Parvizian Crystal Reel" was 23 minutes
of the most beautiful wedding footage we have ever produced, and is an
excellent example of Suburban Video's position as being 'The Standard'
when it comes to Top Quality Wedding Video Production! Persian Wedding at The ANA Hotel in
The principle ethno-linguistic
group in Afghanistan,
they speak variations of Western Pashto. In the north the they are
called Pahktuns and in the south are called Pashtuns. They are related
but distinct from the Pathans
Dialects: Ghilzai, Durani. The
Ghilzai speakers are nomadic and 24% of the national population. The
Durani, 16%, live in permanent settlements. Ethnologue Afghanistan
The clans are: Mohmandi,
Ghilzai, Durani, Yusufzai, Afridi, Kandahari (Qandahari), Waziri,
Chinwari (Shinwari), Mangal, Wenetsi. Kandahari is the standard
dialect. Ethnologue Afghanistan
The Pazaryk Carpet was found
frozen in ice in Kurgen V in the Altai Mountains of Siberia by a
Russian archeologist named S. Rudenko. C14 dating indicated the rug is
2500 years old.
The rug is wool on wool 1.98 m
by 1.83 m.
3600 knots per sq. Dm. (aprox.
The rug was originally thought
to be Persian, Anatolian, or Armenian but now on the basis of dye
analysis by Harald
Bohmer it is most likely that the Pazaryk Carpet was made in
the area in which it was found.
Principle red dye - Polish
Bohmer, Harald, "Dyeing For
Color" Ghereh, September 1997 pg. 7.
"Patterns of Prestige in the Pazaryk Carpet." In Oriental Carpet And
Textile Studies. IV, 1993,
Pearson, J. D. A Bibliography of
the Architecture, Arts and Crafts of Islam: Second Supplement, January
1972--December 1980. Cairo: AUC, 1984.
A city or ceremonial site that
dates to the time of Cyrus the Great.
It was first assumed that it was
a city but now it appears as if it may only have had ceremonial
purposes. It is noted for its extravagant stone sculpture
Bosch, Gulnar, John Carswell,
and Guy Petherbridge. Islamic Bindings and Bookmaking. Exhibition
catalogue. Chicago, 1981.
Yanni Petsopoulos, London,
Studied at the Architectural
Association in London. Extensive travels in the Middle East to study
Islamic architecture and art.
In Praise of Allah, Catalogue of
a Prayer Kilim exhibition, London, 1974.
The Undiscovered Kilim,
co-author, London, 1976.
Kilims - a Traditional Art, with
M. Franses, Fribourg, 1978.
"Turkish Flatweaves". Washington
DC: ICOC 1980.
Petsopoulos, Y. and Balpinar, B.
Kilims. Masterpieces From Turkey. 1991,
Petsopoulos, Y. Kilims. 1979,
Petsopoulos, Yanni. Kilims:
Flat-Woven Tapestry Rugs New York: Rizzoli 1979
Petsopoulos, Yanni, ed. Tulips,
Arabesques and Turbans: Decorative Arts from the Ottoman Empire. New
York: Abbeville Press, 1982.
From Cyprus to Munich
Peterson, Bengt. "Blue and White
Imitation Pottery from the Ghaibi and Related Workshops in Mediaeval
Cairo" in Bulletin of the Museum of Far Eastern Antiquities, Stockholm.
Vol. 52. 1980. 65-88.
Peterson, Bengt. "Sherds of Blue
and White Imitation Pottery from Mediaeval Cairo" in Medelhavsmuseet
Bulletin. Vol. 17. 1982. 59-68. The Museum of Mediterranean and Near
Eastern Antiquities, Stockholm.
Petry, Carl F.
Pevzner, S. B.
Pevzner, S. B. "Egipetskaia
mednaia chasha XV" in Soobshcheniia Gosudarstvennogo Ermitazha. Vol.
11. 1957. 55-56. Additional title in table of contents: "Coupe
egyptienne en cuivre du XV siecle
Pevzner, S. B. "Egipetskaia
mednaia misochka XIV v." in Soobshcheniia Gosudarstvennogo Ermitazha.
Vol. 10. 1956. 43-45. Additional title in table of contents: "Petit
bassin egyptien en cuivre du XIV siecle
Pevzner, S. B. "K voprosu o
proizvodstve thaney v Egipte v XIII-XV vv." in Issledovaniya po istorii
kul'tury narodov Vostoka. Sbornik v chest' Akademika I. A. Orbeli.
Moscow and Leningrad, 1960. 404-412.
Philadelphia Museum of Art
The PMA has a very significant
collection of classical carpets.
Benjamin Franklin Parkway and
26th Street | Philadelphia, PA 19130
(215) 763-8100 | TTY: (215) 684-7600
Tuesday through Sunday, 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.
Wednesday and Friday evenings until 8:45 p.m.
Closed Mondays and legal holidays.
Ellis, Charles Grant. Oriental
Carpets in the Philadelphia Museum of Art. Philadelphia: Philadelphia.
Rugs at The Philadelphia Museum of Art
Wife of the Greek Ambassador to
the United States, Alexander Philon.
Independent scholar based in
Washington, former art historian and museum curator.
Philon, Helen. "A Mamluk
Deposition from the Cross" in Graeco-Arabica. Vol. 2. 1983. 265-273.
Philon, Helen Helen Philon ;
foreword, Angelos Delivorias ; preface, Ernst J. Grube ; an essay on
the inscriptions, Manijeh Bayani-Wolpert ; a technical note, R. E.
Jones ; drawings by T. Townsend Walford ; photographs by Vanessa
Stamford Early Islamic ceramics :ninth to late twelfth centuries
Islamic Art Publications ;Totowa, N.J. :Distributed by Sotheby Parke
Out & About
Research Presentation (Freer and
Sackler Galleries), Ahmed Shah's Tomb in Bidar: Rustic Deccani or Urban
AMERICAN SCHOOL OF CLASSICAL
STUDIES AT ATHENS, GENNADIUS LIBRARY TRUSTEE.
Pinder-Wilson, Ralph H.
Mr. Ralph Hutchinson
Pinder-Wilson, Department of Oriental Antiquities The British Museum,
Former Visiting Fellows All Souls.
Pinder-Wilson, Ralph H. "Review
of A Bibliography of the Architecture, Arts and Crafts of Islam, to 1st
January 1960, by K. A. C. Creswell" in BSOAS. Vol. 25. 1962. 609-610.
Pinder-Wilson, Ralph H. Persian Painting of the Fifteenth Century.
Faber & Faber. 
Pinder-Wilson, Ralph H
Paintings from the Muslim courts of India. 1976
G.R.D. King, “The sculptures of
the pre-Islamic haram at Makka”, From Kabul
to Cairo, Studies in honour of Ralph Pinder-Wilson. 2002.
Pinder-Wilson-, Ralph. "The
Persian Garden: Bagh and Chahar Bagh." In The Islamic Garden. Ed.
Elizabeth B. Macdougall and Richard Ettinghausen, pp. 69-86.
Washington, DC: Dumbarton Oaks, 1976.
Lane, Arthur; Ralph
Pinder-Wilson. Later Islamic Pottery. Persia, Syria, Egypt, Turkey.
Pinkwart, Doris and Steiner,
Elisabet. "The Conservative Approach of Northwest Anatolian Yoruk Women
to their Traditional Weaving". Hamburg/Berlin ICOC7 1993.
Pinkwart, D. & E.
Steiner. Bergama Cuvallari, Decorated Sacks of the Yoruks in
The late Lesley Pinner, wife of
Robert Pinner, London England.
Compiler of Index Kewensis, the
premier publication of The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. One of her main
interests was in the structure and technique of rugs and, apart from
her own publications, she has contributed structure analyses to many
Prominent Turkoman collector and
expert including the lesser known Uzbek, Kirghis and Kazakh tribes of
"Tekke Pile Rugs". Washington
DC: ICOC 1980.
Pohl-Schillings, H. E. &
Ford, P. R. J. Persische Flachgewebe. 1987,
Pohl-Schillings, Hans E.:
Aussergewohnliche Orienteppiche III. ; Koln: 1989.
Pohl-Schillings. H. E.
Aussergewohnliche Orienteppiche. VI. 1992,
Aussergewohnliche Orienteppiche VII. 1993,
Pohl-Schillings, H. et al.
Persian Flatweaves, Pictures of Iran. Koln: 1994.
Pohl-Schillings, H., Najmadbadi,
S. & Meyer, H. Persische Flachgewebe. Bilder Aus Iran / Persian
Pohl-Schillings, H. E.
Aussergewohnliche Orienteppiche IV. n.d. (1990),
Pohl-Schillings, H. E.
Aussergewohnliche Orienteppiche V. n.d. (1991),
Poldi Pezzoli Hunting
Marco Polo left Venice in 1270
and returned in 1295. Polo claimed to have traveled to Yuan (Mongol)
China and spent 17 years in the service of Kublai Khan the Yuan emperor
and grandson of Cinggis Qan.
The story of his travels were
recorded by Rustichiello of Pisa in a Genoese prison where he was
incarcerated with Polo in about 1300.
Marco Polo encountered the
Qaraunus or Nicudari in 1271. Morgan,
The Mongols. Page 95.
Marco Polo praised the carpets
of Kerman as a marvel to
see in 1270.
Carpets & Rugs
Now with www.eruggallery.com
Elizabeth C. Poole Formerly
Carpet Expert Christie's New York. She replaced James Ffrench. She was
formerly with Butterfield's in San Francisco.
I always had a difficult
reaching Ffrench by phone and when Miss Poole replaced him I did not
fare any better getting my calls answered. Needless to say I stopped
calling. I must note however when I see her she is very nice.
Member San Francisco Bay Area
Rug Society, the Textile Museum, as well as the New York Hajji's
Major Changes at Christie's
Trusted Resource List -
The Popalzai tribe was the
founding tribe of Durrani Pashtuns. The founder of the confederation
was Saddo Malik who organized the tribes under Shah
Abbas. He was given control of the local tribes in exchange
for keeping the road safe from Herat to Kandahar.
The coalition became the Durrani Pashtuns later and the elite tribe was
the Popalzai. The elite clan of the Popalzai are the Saddozai (sons of
Saddo the founder). The Saddozai lost control of the tribal
confederation and the Durrani empire in 1818 when it passed to the
Mohamadzai clan of the Ghilzai.
The Saddozai clan and the
Popalzai tribe are led by Hamid
Karzai son of the late Ahad Khan Karzai.
Even though King Zahir Shah
is a Mohamadzai he is close to the Karzai family and is married to a
blood relative of the current chief Hamid Karzai.
The Popalzai are strongest in
the Provinces of Kandahar,
Uruzgan, Helmand and Ghor.
It is customary to refer to the
men whose job it is to handle the carpets as Porters. These men may
roll, unroll, deliver, flip etc... the carpets.
Porters do not act as salesmen
but salesmen often act as Porters.
Tipping Porters is customary if
they perform a personal service such as loading or unloading your car
for you. Salesmen are not tipped.
Porter, Yves, (trans. S.
Butani), Painters, Paintings, and Books: An Essay on Indo-Persian
Technical Literature, 12-19th Centuries, (New Delhi: 1994).
Powell Avril. A.
Dr. A. A. Powell Room 309.
Senior Lecturer in the History of South Asia SOAS, University of London
Powell, Avril A. Muslims and
Missionaries in Pre-Mutiny India. University of Hawaii Press, 1996.
Dr William Price is a prominent
Texas Cardiologist and one of the elder statesmen of the rug world.
Price was a Hajji Baba member in the club's McMullan days. Price
assembled a major collection which he donated to a Museum in San
Antonio. He also donated his equally (or more) important Asian
sculpture to the same museum.
Joseph V. McMullan Award
William T. Divine Images and Magic Carpets.
"Thirteenth-Century Pottery from the Monastery of St. Mary of Carmel"
in Levant. Vol. 16. 1984. 91-111.
Pringle, Denys. "The Medieval
Pottery of Palestine and Transjordan (A.D. 636-1500): An Introduction,
Gazetteer and Bibliography" in Medieval Ceramics. Vol. 5. 1981. 45-60.
Prisse d'Avennes, Achille
Constant Théodore Émile. Arab Art as Seen through the Monuments of
Cairo from the 7th Century to the 18th. London: Al Saqi/Paris: Le
Prisse d'Avennes, Achille
Constant Théodore Émile. L'art arabe d'après les monuments du Kaire
depuis le VIIe siècle jusqu'à la fin du XVIIIe. Paris: A. Morel, 1877.
Reprinted in four volumes: Beirut: Eastern Art, 1974.
Pritsak, Omeljan. "Review of
Manuel arabe de la langue des Turcs et des Kiptchaks à l'époque de
l'État Mamlouk, by Ananiasz Zajaczkowski" in Der Islam. Vol. 32. 1957.
Pritsak, Omeljan. "Review of
Vocabulaire arabe-kiptchak de l'époque de l'État mamelouk: "Bulgat
al-Mustaq fi Lugat at-Turk wa-l-Qifz²aq", by Ananiasz Zajaczkowski" in
Der Islam. Vol. 32. 1957. 362-367.
Pritsak, Omeljan. "Das
Kiptschakische" in Philologiae Turcicae Fundamenta. Deny, Jean et al.
(edited by). Vol. 1. Wiesbaden: Franz Steiner, 1959. 74-87.
Provenance as it applies to
Oriental rugs is a concept used in appraisals that who owned a piece of
art and the associated history of the piece affect the estimate of
value. For instance, rugs that were not valuable as rugs sold for a
great deal of money in the Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis estate sale at
Sotheby’s because of the Kennedy Provenance. Therefore, a previous
owner may increase the value. This also comes into play in establishing
legitimate ownership. If you had a rug that was looted from Jews by the
Nazi Germans that provenance would decrease the value since the rug
could (should) be restored to its rightful owners.
of the Treasure Train
Purdey, Veronica, Database
& Circulation Consultant, Hali The International Magazine of
Antique Carpet and Textile Art.
Purdon, Nicholas, Former Senior
Editor, Hali The International Magazine of Antique Carpet and Textile
"Rug Literature Today" Denver:
ACOR4 Focus Session, 1998.
Rumored to have left Hali to
work with Alan Marcuson on an Internet venture that should debut at the
beginning of 1999.
Nick Purdon Editor and Content
Nick Purdon later left Cloudband
and went back to school.
J. Barry O'Connell Jr.
Copyright Barry O'Connell 2004 -
November 09, 2008.
Rugs the O'Connell Guides
The Qashqai and