Nazmiyal Antique Rugs

JBOCs Notes on Oriental Rugs

Rug Notes Index - R

Hagop Manoyan Antique RugsNazmiyal Antique Rugs

The Persian Rugs Search Engine

Rabbani, Syed Burhanudin.

Raby, Julian.

  • Atasoy, Nurhan, and Julian Raby. Iznik.- The Pottery of Ottoman Turkey. London,1989.

  • Raby, Julian. Venice, Dürer, and the Oriental Mode. The Hans Huth Memorial Studies; 1. Totowa, New Jersey: Sotheby/Islamic Art Publications, 1982.

Rachid, Sidna.

  • Brown, Luane and Sidna Rachid, Egyptian Carpets. The American University in Cairo, 1985

Rageth, Jurg.

  • European dealer and speaker at the TM Rug Convention 1997.

  • "A Selendi Rug" Hali may 1998, Issue 98, g 84.

  • Jurg Rageth

  • Jurg Rageth (2)

  • Red and Blue - West Anatolian Sofra Kilims". Hamburg/Berlin ICOC7 1993.

  • Rageth, J. & U. Hirsch. FRUHE FORMEN & FARBEN. 1991,

  • Rageth, J., ed. ANATOLISCHE KELIMS. 1990,

  • Rageth, Jurg ed.: Anatolische Kelims ; Basel: 1990.

  • Rageth, Jurg. "A SELENDI RUG". Hali 98, 1998. page 84. "A forgotten act of Swiss corporate civility turns out to have involved the latest recruit to the elite group of Turkish white-ground Chintamani design prayer rugs, most known examples of which survive in the German Evangelical churches of Transylvania."

Ragib, Yusuf,

  • Ragib, Yusuf, "Les Premiers Monuments Funéraires de l’Islam," in Annales Islamologiques, vol. ix (1970), pp. 21-36.

  • Ragib, Yusuf, "Les Premiers Monuments Funéraires de l’Islam," in Annales Islamologiques, vol. ix (1970), pp. 21-36.

Rahanwein Resistance Army (RRA)

  • Old news so to speak. When the US began to make moves to back the RRA against the TNG the situation stabilized and we never had to go in. (The Rahanwein Resistance Army (RRA) is a clan-based faction of the Somali Reconciliation and Restoration Council (SRRC). The RRA has been meeting with DOD/CIA operatives to prepare for taking the war on Terrorism to Somalia. They are preparing to fight the the Transitional National Government (TNG) which is allied with the Al Qaeda network. The RRA has also been helping the US scout for the logistical infrastructure nessasary for taking the war to Somalia.)

  • Rahanwein Resistance Army fought with the forces of Hussein Aideed for control of the town of Baidoa, 1999.


Rakht-e-khab peech

  • A kelim used for carrying bedding in migration.

Rashid, K.A.,

  • Rashid, K.A., "The First Muslim Invasion of the Northwest Frontier of the Indo-Pakistan Subcontinent," in Historical Dissertations, vol. ii (1978), pp. 39-47.

  • Rashid, K.A., "The First Muslim Invasion of the Northwest Frontier of the Indo-Pakistan Subcontinent," in Historical Dissertations, vol. ii (1978), pp. 39-

Rahimpour, Hajji Gholamreza.

Rahman, Sania.

  • Rahman, Sania. Editorial Assistant, Hali The International Magazine of Antique Carpet and Textile Art.


  • Rakhsh or in English "Lightning," is the legendary horse of the great Southwest Asian hero Rustam, Rakhsh is a key character in the Shah-nameh(Book of Kings). Through many adventures Rakhsh carries and sometimes even defends Rustam until they die together in a "bed of spears" trap laid by Rustam's evil half-brother Shaghad.

Ramazanoglu, Gulseren.

  • Ramazanoglu, Gulseren. Turkish Embroidery ; NY: 1976.

Ramirez, F.

  • Ramirez, F. & Rolot, C. Tapis Et Tissages Du Maroc. 1995,

Ramsey, Paul.

Raphaelian, H. M.

  • Raphaelian, H. M. The Hidden Language of Symbols in Oriental Rugs ; New Rochelle: 1953.

  • Raphaelian, H.M. Rugs of Armenia, Their History and Art ; New Rochelle, NY: 1960.

Raphel, Robin.

  • Robin Raphel was the State Department official in charge of Afghanistan policy early in the Clinton administration. She was replaced by Karl F. Inderfurth.

Rassam Arabzadeh Carpet Museum

  • Museum of Persian carpets & carpet designs
    Mr. Kamal Arabzadeh
    Tel : +98 21 2847911-13, 2849775, 2849754
    Fax : +98 21 2849712
    Address : # 7, Boostan 1 St., Pasdaran Ave., Tehran, Iran
    Open 8:30 to 6
    Closed Fridays and holidays

Rastehzadeh .

Rautenstengel, Annette & Volker.

  • The Rautenstengels are a German husband and wife team who did some very important work in identifying structural peculiarities in the Thompson Imreli group of Turkmen weavings. The group is popularly called Eagle group.

  • Rautenstengel, Annette. & Azadi, S. Studien Zur Teooich-Kultur Der Turkmen. 1990,

  • Rautenstengel, Annette & Volker and Azadi, S.: Studies on Turkoman Culture. Hilden: 1990.

  • The Rautenstengels became rather unpopular for their rebuttal of Ned Long's review of their book Golklan-Tukmenen und ihreTeppiche in Oriental Rug Review, Vol. 13, No. 1, October/November, 1992. Ned Long described their rebuttal as "mean spirited".Many people felt Long wwas being generous and in some quarters the Rautenstengels became known as the "Rotten Stinkers". I think (hope) here is a possibility that what they wrote may have may not have translated well from the Rautenstengels native German.

  • The Rautenstengel Eagle Group Turkmen criteria

    • Group I: 3- and 4-ply pile yarn. Asymmetrical knot open to the left. Wool weft with at least one silk weft shoot, usually dyed red. Dark red-brown field color. Primary gul is similar to Moshkova's LIX,3. (Seven carpets listed and illustrated.)

    • Group II: 2-ply pile yarn. Asymmetrical knot open to the right. Wool weft with at least one cotton (not silk) weft shoot. Medium red-brown field color. Primary gul is similar to Moshkova's LIX,6. (Eleven carpets listed; ten illustrated.)

    • Group III: 3-ply pile yarn. Asymmetrical knot open to the left. Wool weft; may or may not have silk or cotton shoots. Dark aubergine field color. Primary gul is similar to Moshkova's LIX,6. (Three carpets listed and illustrated.)

    • In addition, there are seven possibly related main carpets listed that differ from Groups I through III by at least one key trait. None has silk weft shoots, and two are woven with symmetrical knots. Golklan-Tukmenen und ihreTeppiche

  • Rippon-Boswell Rautenstengel Eagle Group II Main Carpet lot 21

  • Guide to Turkmen Rugs

Rasmussen, Mary.

  • "Restoration From The Owner's Viewpoint", Chicago: Panelist ACOR II, 1994

Rathjens, C.

  • Rathjens, C. "Review of Une lampe sépulcrale en verre émaillé au nom d'Arghûn en Nâsirî, Émîr mamelouk (1280-1331), by Paul Ravaisse" in Der Islam. Vol. 26. 1940. 282-284.

Rawlinson, Prof. H.G.

  • INDIAN ART. Essays by Prof. H.G.Rawlinson, K.de B.Codrington, J.V.S.Wilkinson and John Irwin.

Raziq, Fazle.

  • Fazle Raziq is an al-Qaeda operative was arrested in Peshawar by Pakistani authorities. Raziq is being held for interrogation. News sources say that he was on a mission that ``entailed action against military targets in Kuwait,''.
    Taliban Gets 3 Days to Quit Kunduz; U.S. Says No Pact
    Publication: Bloomberg News
    Date: 11/20/2001
    Author: Kate Linebaugh

Red Fort

Reed, Christopher.

  • Reed, Christopher. Turkoman Rugs ; Cambridge: Fogg Art Museum, 1966.

Reed, Stanley.

  • Reed, Stanley. All Color Book of Oriental Carpets and Rugs ; NY: 1972.

Reeves, N.

  • Reeves, N. & Taylor, J. HOWARD CARTER BEFORE TUTANKAMUN. 1992, British Museum,

Reid, James J.

  • PhD 1979 History UCLA

  • Senior Researcher, SB Vryonis Center

  • Reid, James J. Tribalism and Society in Islamic Iran. Malibu: Udena Publications, 1983.

  • Reid, James J. "The Qajar Uymaq in the Safavid Period, 1500-1722." Iranian Studies 11 (1978): 117- 144.

  • Reid, James J., The Je'iin-i Qurban Oirat Clan in the Fourteenth Century. XVIII 1984:189-200.

Reid, J.W.

  • Reid, J.W. TEXTILE ART OF PERU. 1993,

Reinhart, Kellee C.

  • Reinhart, Kellee C. "Reflections of a Renaissance in Islam" in Horizon. Vol. 24: No. vii-viii. 1981. 25-33.

Reinisch, Heinrich.

  • Reinisch is an author and rug collector.

  • The Joseph V. McMullan Award

  • Reinisch, H. & Stanzer, W. BERBER. 1992,


  • Reinisch, H. SADDLE BAGS / SATTEL TASCHEN. Graz, Austria 1985. German/English.

  • Reinisch, H. VON BAGDAD NACH STAMBUL. 1983,

Reitlinger, Gerald.

  • Reitlinger, Gerald. "Review of Later Islamic Pottery: Persia, Syria, Egypt, Turkey, by Arthur Lane" in Ars Orientalis. Vol. 4. 1961. 400-409.

Renningers Antique & Collectors Market

  • RT. 272 1/2 Mile North of PA Turnpike exit #21, Adamstown, PA 19501 - 717-385-0104      Over 375 dealers - Every Sunday 7:30-5:00


  • The former Bavarian Royal Palace Royal used by the Wittelsbach family

  • Winged Genii Portrayed on Classical Carpet Borders

  • RESIDENZMUSEUM and SCHATZKAMMER: 3 Max Joseph Place. Daily except Mon 10-4:30. Take trolley #1,4,21, and get off at OPERA. The RESIDENZMUSEUM was the official Palace of Bavarian Kings, and contains Court rooms from various periods. All of them have been beautifully restored after complete destruction during WW2. The SCHATZKAMMER has a splendid collection of jewelry, all reflecting the vast wealth of Bavarian Royalty. The various museums are part of the same building. home.att.net/~genegill2/GERMANY16Munich.doc

Reswick, Irmfraud.

  • Reswick, Irmfraud. Traditional Textiles of Tunisia ; Los Angles: 1985.

Reuben, David.

Revault, Jacques.

  • Revault, Jacques. Designs and Patterns from North African Carpets and Textiles. NY: 1973.

  • Revault, Jacques. "Constructions et Décor" in Palais et maisons du Caire, I: Époque mamelouke (XIIIe-XVIe siècles).

Review Publishing Co.

  • Review Publishing Co. Oriental Rugs and Carpets ; NY: 1910.

Reynolds, Holly Smith.

  • Holly Smith Reynolds is a restorer and textile conservation expert based in Boston.

  • "Rug Construction and Deconstruction", Chicago: ACOR II, 1994

  • "The Basics of Warp & Weft" Santa Monica: ACOR 3 , 1996.

  • "To Restore Or Not To Restore?" Santa Monica: ACOR 3 , 1996.

  • "Detecting Restoration", Chicago: ACOR II, 1994 Holly Smith-Reynolds

Reynolds, R. Neil.

  • R. Neil Reynolds is a collector of propaganda art and has a number of war rugs in his collection. Proprietor of a poster shop in Old Town Alexandria Va.

Reza-i Abbasi

Reza Shah,

  • Reza Shah Pahlavi ruled Iran from 1925 to 1941. He was forced to abdicated in favor of his son in 1941 by the Allied Powers. He was exiled to the island of Mauritius before dying in Johannesburg in 1944. In 1925 more than half of the people in Iran spoke a Turkic language. Both Reza Shah and his son Mohammed Reza Shah maintained a policy of trying to erase the Turkic origins of the majority of the Iranian people and replace it with the myth of a Persian people. Reza Shah was fond of large medallion 1930 style Mashad rugs.

Rhie, M.M.


Riboud, K.

  • Riboud, K., Desroches, J.-P., Myers, M., Simcox, J., Jera-Bezard, R., and Lorquin, A. SOIERIES BOUDDHIQUES

Rice, David Talbot.

  • Rice, David Talbot. Islamic Art NY: Praeger World of Art 1965.

  • Rice, David Talbot. Islamic Painting, A survey. Edinburgh, Edinburgh Univ. Press, 1971.

Rice, D. S.

  • Rice, D. S. "Un astrolabe syrien du XIVe siècle" in BIFAO. Vol. 38. 1939. 195-203. Reprinted in Ibn al-Shatir: Falaki `Arabi min al-Qarn al-Thamin al-Hijri/al-Rabi` `Ashar Miladi, edited by Edward S. Kennedy and `Imad Ghanim.

  • Rice, D. S. "The Blazons of the 'Baptistère de Saint Louis'" in BSOAS. Vol. 13. 1950. 367-380.

  • Rice, D. S. Le baptistère de Saint Louis. Paris: Les Editions du Chêne, 1951.

  • Rice, D. S. "In Memoriam Leo A. Mayer" in Ars Orientalis. Vol. 4. 1961. 454-455.

  • Rice, D. S. "Two Unusual Mamluk Metal Works" in BSOAS. Vol. 20. 1957. 487-500.

  • Rice, D. S. "A Miniature in an Autograph of Shihab al-Din Ibn Fadlallah al-`Umari" in BSOAS. Vol. 13. 1949-51. 856-867.

  • Rice, D. S. "Studies in Islamic Metal Work, I-VI" in BSOAS. Vol. 14; 15; 15; 15; 17; 21. 1952; 1953; 1953; 1953; 1955; 1958. 564-578; 61-79; 229-238; 489-503; 206-231; 225-253.

Richards, Donald Sidney.

  • University Lecturer in Arabic; Fellow of St Cross College, Oxford.

  • Research Interests: Medieval Islamic History (Ayyubid and Mamluk periods) Historiography Archival Material and Diplomatics

  • Courses Taught: History of Egypt (10th to 14th Centuries) Classical Arabic Prose Literature (al-Jahiz and al-Hamadhani) Selected Arabic Historical Texts

  • Richards, D. S. "Arabic Documents from the Karaite Community in Cairo" in JESHO. Vol. 15: No. 1. 1972. 105-162.

  • Richards, D. S. "Dhimmi Problems in Fifteenth-Century Cairo: Reconsideration of a Court Document" in Studies in Muslim-Jewish Relations. Vol. 1. 1993. 127-163.

  • Richards, D. S. "The Coptic Bureaucracy under the Mamluks" in Colloque international sur l'histoire du Caire/al-Nadwah al-Duwaliyah li-Tarikh al-Qahirah. Cairo, 27 March-5 April 1969. Cairo: Wizarat al-Thaqafah, n.d.. 373-381.

  • Richards, D. S. "A Damascus Scroll Relating to a Waqf for the Yunusiyya" in JRAS. 1990. 267-281.

  • Richards, D. S. "Documents from Sinai Concerning Mainly Cairene Property" in JESHO. Vol. 28. 1985. 225-293.

  • Richards, D. S. "al-Idarah al-Qibtiyah fi `Ahd al-Mamalik (Mulakhkhas)" in al-Nadwah al-Duwaliyah li-Tarikh al-Qahirah/Colloque international sur l'histoire du Caire. Cairo, 27 March-5 April 1969. Vol. vol. 1. Cairo: Matba`at Dar al-Kutub, 1970. 491-495.

  • Richards, D. S. "A Late Mamluk Document Concerning Frankish Commercial Practice at Tripoli" in BSOAS. Vol. 62: No. 1. 1999. 21-35.

  • Richards, D. S. "The Mamluk Chancery Manual Tathqîf al-Ta`rîf: Its Author's Identity and Manuscripts" in Cahiers d'onomastique arabe 1985-1987. Paris: Éditions du Centre national de la recherche scientifique, 1989. 97-101.

  • Richards, D. S. "A Mamluk Emir's 'Square' Decree" in BSOAS. Vol. 54. 1991. 63-67.

  • Richards, D. S. "A Mamluk Petition and a Report from the Diwan al-Jaysh" in BSOAS. Vol. 40. 1977. 1-14.

  • Richards, D. S. "The Qasama in Mamluk Society: Some Documents from the Haram Collection in Jerusalem" in AI. Vol. 25. 1991. 245-284.

  • Richards, D. S. "Review of The Lion of Egypt: Sultan Baybars I and the Near East in the Thirteenth Century, by Peter Thorau, and translated by Peter M. Holt" in
    BSOAS. Vol. 56. 1993. 199.

  • Richards, D. S. "Review of Jalal al-Din al-Suyuti, by Elizabeth M. Sartain" in IJMES. Vol. 11. 1980. 141-142.

  • Richards, D. S. "Review of Twilight of Majesty: The Reigns of Mamluk Sultans Al-Ashraf Qaytbay and Qansuh al-Ghawri in Egypt, by Carl F. Petry" in JRAS. Vol. (3rd ser.) 5. 1995. 108-110.

  • Richards, D. S. "Review of A Catalogue of the Islamic Documents from al-Haram as-Sarif in Jerusalem, by Donald P. Little" in BSOAS. Vol. 50. 1987. 362-364.

  • Richards, D. S. "Review of The Middle East in the Middle Ages: The Early Mamluk Sultanate 1250-1382, by Robert Irwin" in JRAS. No. 1. 1987. 114-115.

  • Richards, D. S. "Review of Mongols and Mamluks: The Mamluk-Ilkhanid War, 1260-1281, by Reuven Amitai-Preiss" in BSOAS. Vol. 59: No. 2. 1996. 381.

  • Richards, D. S. "Review of Islamic Metalwork: The Nuhad es-Said Collection, by James W. Allan" in Middle East Studies Association Bulletin. Vol. 17: No. 1. 1983. 76-77.

  • Richards, D. S. "Review of Al-Quds al-Mamlukiyya: A History of Mamluk Jerusalem Based on the Haram Documents, by Huda Lutfi" in BSOAS. Vol. 51. 1988. 122-123.

  • Richards, D. S. "Review of A Turning Point in Mamluk History: The Third Reign of al-Nasir Muhammad ibn Qalawun (1310-1341), by Amalia Levanoni" in JRAS. Vol. (3rd ser.) 6: No. 2. 1996. 245-246.

  • Richards, D. S. "Review of History and Historiography of the Mamluks, by Donald P. Little" in JSS. Vol. 34: No. 1. 1989. 227-228.

  • Richards, D. S. "Review of Arabic Historical Thought in the Classical Period, by Tarif Khalidi" in Journal of Islamic Studies. Vol. 8: No. 2. 1997. 239-240.

  • Richards, D. S. "Review of Early Mamluk Diplomacy (1260-1290): Treaties of Baybars and Qalawun with Christian Rulers, by P. M. Holt" in BSOAS. Vol. 60. 1997. 357-358.

  • Richards, D. S. "Review of Egypt and Syria in the Fatimid, Ayyubid and Mamluk Eras, edited by Urbain Vermeulen and Daniel De Smet" in JRAS. Vol. 7. 1997. 295-296.

  • Richards, D. S. "Review of Islam and the Abode of War, by David Ayalon" in JRAS. Vol. 6. 1996. 99-100.

  • Richards, D. S. "The Mamluk Barid: Some Evidence from the Haram Documents" in Studies in the History and Archaeology of Jordan. Muhammad `Adnan al-Bakhit (edited by). Vol. 3. Amman: Department of Antiquities, 1987. 205-209.

  • Richards, D. S. "Mamluk Amirs and Their Families and Households" in The Mamluks in Egyptian Politics and Society. Philipp, Thomas (edited by). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998. 32-54.

  • Issawi, Charles. "The Decline of the Middle Eastern Trade, 1100-1850" in Islam and the Trade of Asia: A Colloquium. Richards, D. S. (edited by). Oxford: Bruno Cassirer, 1970. 245-266.

  • Scanlon, George T. "Egypt and China: Trade and Imitation" in Islam and the Trade of Asia: A Colloquium. Richards, D. S. (edited by). Oxford: Bruno Cassirer, 1970. 81-95.

Richards, John F

  • Professor Richards is a brilliant scholar and a true gentleman. I will always be grateful for his kind and patient advice,

  • Richards, John F. The Mughal Empire. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 1993.

  • Richards, John F.: Power, Administration and Finance in Mughal India,

  • Bacharach, Jere L. "Monetary Movements in Medieval Egypt, 1171-1517" in Precious Metals in the Later Medieval and Early Modern Worlds. Richards, John F. (edited by). Durham, North Carolina: Carolina Academic Press, 1983. 159-181.

Richthofen, Baron Ferdinand [Paul Wilhelm], freiherr von.

  • Richthofen, Ferdinand [Paul Wilhelm], freiherr von. born 1833 died 1905.

  • Great uncle to Manfred von Richthofen, AKA The Red Baron.

  • German explorer, geologist, and geographer.

  • Prussian expedition in E Asia (1860–62),

  • Western United States expedition (1862–68),

  • China and Japan expeditions (1868–72).

  • Professor university of Bonn (1875–83),

  • Professor university of Leipzig (1883–86),

  • Professor university of Berlin (from 1886)

  • Founder and the first director (1902–5) of the Institut für Meereskunde, Berlin.

  • Ferdinand (great uncle to Manfred von Richthofen, AKA The Red Baron) held the chair of geography at University of Leipzig

  • Richthofen, Ferdinand [Paul Wilhelm], freiherr von. The Comstock lode: its character, and the probable mode of its continuance in depth. San Francisco, Sutro tunnel company, 1866. 83 p. 24 cm. No illustrations.

  • Richthofen, Ferdinand. Die Metall-Produktion Californiens und der angrenzenden Länder. Mittheilungen von den pacifischen Küstenländern Nord-Amerikas. (Petermann's Geographische Mitteilungen, Ergänzungsheft 14). Gotha, J. Perthes, 1864.

  • Richthofen, Ferdinand Freiherr von. Führer für Forschungsreisende. Anleitung zu Beobachtungen über Gegenstände der physischen Geographie und Geologie. Berlin, Oppenheim, 1886.

  • Richthofen, Ferdinand Freiherr von Ergebnisse und Ziele der Sudpolarforschung Berlin 1905.

  • Von Richthofen, Baron Letter by Baron Richthofen on the Provinces of Chili, Shansi, Shensi, Sz'-Chwan, With Notes on Mongolia, Kansu, Yunnan and Kwei-Chau. "Ching-Foong" Printing Office/"North-China Herald", Shanghai 1872 12 1/2 x 8 1/4 inches, 86 pages. Several volumes at least 7 or 8.

Ridge, Thomas

  • Director of Homeland Security, former Congressman, and two term Governor of Pennsylvania. I knew Tom back when he was a Congressman working his way around thePa political establishment seeking higher office. Tom always reminded me of Dick Tracy or Tom Dewey. He was a moderate (liberal). Now to some people moderate was a good thing and it has served him well. However when I remember him as a moderate I also remember that Tom supports murdering babies and was a weak sister in Congress when it came to Conservative issues. Tom was cut from the same bolt of cloth as Arlen Spector but I never thought he was as bright. I may have been wrong about that Tom Ridge has gone farther than I ever expected. One big thing Ridge had going for him was that he was seen by many as a Elsie Hillman favorite. Elsie is a major player in Pa. politics and she supported and encouraged pro-infanticide liberal Republicans.

  • Ridge was born in 1945, while his father was away in the Navy during World War II. His father later became a meat salesman in Erie, Pa., where the family lived in public housing. http://abcnews.go.com/sections/GMA/GoodMorningAmerica/WTC_011008_RidgeProfile.html

  • Scholarship student at Harvard, B.A. with honors in 1967.

  • Tom was drafted into the Army during his time at Dickinson Law School in Carlisle, Pa. Unlike many of the Chicken Hawks in the Bush administration Tom was a war hero who served in Vietnam earning the Bronze Star in combat. He then returned to Dickinson Law.

  • Elsie Picture

Riefstahl, Rudolph M.

  • 1925 Das Palmenmotiv auf einem Ägyptischen Teppich der Ballardsammlung, Jahrbuch der Asiatischen Kunst, vol. 2, pp. 159-62.

  • Riefstahl, Rudolf M. "The Date and the Provenance of the Automata Miniatures" in The Art Bulletin. Vol. 11. 1929. 206-215.

Riegl, Alois,

  • Riegl, Alois, "The Modern Cult of Monuments: Its Character and Its Origin," in Oppositions, vol. 25 (1982), p. 21.

Rimbaud, Arthur,

  • Rimbaud, Arthur, Oeuvres, (Paris: 1960).

Ripley, Mary Churchill.

  • Ripley, Mary C. The Oriental Rug Book ; NY: 1904.

  • Ripley, Mary Churchill. The Chinese Rug Book ; NY: 1927.

  • Ripley, M.C. THE ORIENTAL RUG BOOK. 1936

Rittman, Joseph R.

Rizzardi, C.

  • Rizzardi, C. I TESSUTI COPTI DEL MUSEO NAZIONALE DI RAVENNA (Coptic Textiles in the National Museum of Ravenna). 1993,

Roberts, Ernest F.

Robinson, B. W.

  • Robinson, Basil William

  • Robinson, B. W. "Review of Sphinxes and Harpies in Medieval Islamic Art: An Iconographical Study, by Eva Baer" in BSOAS. Vol. 30. 1967. 405-406.

  • Robinson, B. W., A Descriptive Catalogue of the Persian Paintings in the Bodleian Library, (Oxford: 1958).

  • Robinson, B. W. Fifteenth-Century Persian Painting: Problems and Issues, (New York: 1991).

  • Robinson, B. W. “Origin and Date of Three Famous Shah-Nameh Illustrations,” in Ars Orientalis, vol. I (1954), pp. 105-12.

  • Robinson, B. W. Persian Miniatures, (Oxford: no date).

  • Robinson, B. W. “Persian Miniatures in the Chester Beatty Library,” in Apollo, vol. 77 (May 1963), pp. 380-5.

  • Robinson, B. W. Persian Paintings in the India Office Library: A Descriptive Catalogue, (London: 1976).

  • Robinson, B. W. Persian Paintings in the John Rylands Library: A Descriptive Catalogue, (London: 1980).

  • Robinson, B. W. Persian Paintings (in the Victoria and Albert Museum), (London: 1952).

  • Robinson, B. W. Studies in Persian Art, 2 vols., (London: 1993).

  • Robinson, B. W., et al, Islamic Painting and the Arts of the Book, (London: 1976).

  • Robinson, B. W. "Review of Gunpowder and Firearms in the Mamluk Kingdom: A Challenge to a Mediaeval Society, by David Ayalon" in JRAS. 1957. 114-115.

Robinson, Francis.

  • Robinson, Francis. "Review of The Middle East in the Middle Ages: The Early Mamluk Sultanate, 1250-1382, by Robert Irwin; and The Age of the Crusades: The Near East from the Eleventh Century to 1517, by Peter M. Holt" in History Today. Vol. 36. July 1986. 57.

  • Robinson, Francis. "Review of The Civilian Elite of Cairo in the Later Middle Ages, by Carl F. Petry" in Middle East Studies Association Bulletin. Vol. 17: No. 1. 1983. 64.

Robinson, H. Russell.

  • Robinson, H. Russell. Oriental Armour. Arms and Armour Series. London: Herbert Jenkins/New York: Walker and Co., 1967.

  • Grube, Ernst J. "Pre-Mongol and Mamluk Painting" in Islamic Painting and the Arts of the Book. Robinson, B. W. (edited by). Vol. II. London: Faber and Faber, 1976. 67-81.

Rodee, Marian.

  • "Oriental Rug Influence on Navajo Rugs" Denver: ACOR4 Focus Session, 1998.

Rodenbeck, John.

  • Rodenbeck, John. "Cairo: Preservation and Restoration of Islamic Monuments" in Arts and the Islamic World. Vol. 1: No. 2. 1983. 17-25.

Rogers, J. M.

  • Rogers, J. M. "Carpets in the Mediterranean Countries 1450-1550: Some Historical Observations" in Oriental Carpet and Textile Studies. Vol. 2. 1986. 13-28.

  • Rogers, J. M. "The Stones of Barquq: Building Materials and Architectural Decoration in Late Fourteenth-Century Cairo" in Apollo: A Journal of the Arts. Vol. 103: No. 170. 1976. 307-313.

Rolot, C.

  • Ramirez, F. & Rolot, C. TAPIS ET TISSAGES DU MAROC. 1995,

Roberts, E.H.

  • Roberts, E.H. ISLAMIC CARPETS. In Bulletin, Allen Memorial Art Museum, Oberlin College, 36:4-113, 1978.


Roberts, Edna H.

  • Roberts, Edna H. Oriental Rugs - The Way to Know and Judge Them ; NY: 1928.

Robinson, B.W.

  • Robinson, B.W., Skelton, R.W., Spuhler, F., Fehervari, G. Watson, O, & Pinder-Wilson, R.H. Islamic Art in the Kier Collection London 1988.

  • Robinson, B.W. Persian Lacquer and the Bern Historical Museum Casket Orientations OCT 85

  • Robinson, Basil W. Persian Drawing From the 14th through the 19th century. New York, 1965.

Robinson, William.

  • Tresors 1994, by Herbert J. Exner, The Singapore Fair and an interview with William Robinson of Christie's, Oriental Rug Review, Vol. 15/5

Rocklin, Keith.

  • Keith Rocklin operates Keith Rocklin Oriental Rugs, dealer in collectible rugs, bags and textiles including Pre-Columbian. General consultant in finer antique rugs and textiles primarily from the Middle East, but also including Pre-Columbian and European."Also rare and better books relating to these.

  • Trusted Dealer List - Keith Rocklin Oriental Rugs

  • Hali 77 "Water Symbolism in Nazca Textiles".

  • "An Introduction to Pre-Columbian Textiles," Rocklin, Keith, Oriental Rug Review XIV/1/10-15 (cover article)

  • Hali, preview article for Santa Monica ACOR

  • Hali, full page illustrated analyses of a Pre-Columbian textile exhibited at the Philadelphia ICOC

Rodee, M.E.

  • Rodee, M.E. One Hundred Years of Navaho Rugs. 1995,

Rogers, Clive

Rogers, J. M

  • Rogers, J. M. (ed) The Topkapi Saray Museum: Carpets. Translated, expanded and edited...from the original Turkish

  • Rogers, J. M. ed.: The Topkapi Museum: Carpets ; Germany: 1987.

  • Rogers, J. M.: The Topkapi Museum: Costumes, Embroideries, and Other Textiles ; Boston: 1986.

  • Rogers, J. M. Mughal Miniatures. New York: Thames and Hudson, 1993.

Rohani, Nasrin,

  • Rohani, Nasrin, A Bibliography of Persian Miniature Painting, (Boston: 1982).

Roosevelt, Kim.

  • Kim Roosevelt was CIA and was Don Wilber's boss in Operation Ajax.

  • Member Metropolitan Club, Washington DC.

  • Roosevelt, Kermit. Countercoup, the struggle for the control of Iran New York : McGraw-Hill, c1979.

Rosen-Ayalon, Myriam.

  • Rosen-Ayalon, Myriam. "Some Islamic Sherds in the Museum of Faenza" in Faenza. Vol. 68. 1982. 43-56. Italian text, pp. 51-56.

Rosenberg, Ray

  • Prominient rug collector and painter, Ray is active in the San Diego Rug Society.

  • Ray Rosenberg

  • Ray Rosenberg

Rosenthal, F.

  • Rosenthal, F. (1948). "Abu Hiyan al-Tawhidi on Penmanship"Ars Islamica 13-14: 1-30.

  • Rosenthal, F. (1961). "Significant Uses of Arabic Writing" Ars Orientalis 4: 15-23.

  • Rosenthal, F. (1948). "Abu Hiyan al-Tawhidi on Penmanship"Ars Islamica 13-14: 1-30.

  • Rosenthal, F. (1961). "Significant Uses of Arabic Writing" Ars Orientalis 4: 15-23.

  • Rosenthal, Franz. "Significant Uses of Arabic Writing" in Ars Orientalis. Vol. 4. 1961. 15-23.

Rosintal, J.,

  • Rosintal, J., Pendentifs, Trompen und Stalakiten, (Berlin: 1912).

  • Rosintal, J., Pendentifs, Trompen und Stalakiten, (Berlin: 1912).

Rossetti, B.

  • Rossetti, B. DIE TURKMENEN UND IHRE TEPPICHE. EINE ETHNOLOGISCHE STUDIE. (The Turkmen and their carpets, an ethnographi

  • Rossetti, Brigitte: Die Turkmenen und Ihre Teppiche (Turkomans and Their Rugs) ; Berlin: 1992.

Rostov, Charles

  • Rostov, Charles and Jia Guanyan. Chinese Carpets ; Abrams, NY: 1983.

Roth, Andrew.

  • Roth is actually the former US naval intelligence officer Lieutenant Andrew Roth, who fled a Grand Jury indictment issued in August 1948 after he was caught by the FBI passing US naval intelligence documents to a Soviet agent named Philip Jaffe, who edited a magazine entitled Amerasia based in offices on 225 Fifth Avenue, New York.  Roth only escaped immediate incarceration because the FBI had used illicit surveillance methods. http://www.guardianlies.com/Section%203/page3.html

  • Known associate of Owen Lattimore.

Roth, F.O.

  • Butterweck, G., Kryza-Gersch, F., Neuber, E., Roth, F.O., Stanzer, W., & Trimbacher, P. Anitique Anatolian Carpets

Rothberg, Michael.

  • Michael Rothberg is a collector of tribal weavings from the San Francisco bay area.

  • "Baluch Rugs", Chicago: ACOR II, 1994

  • "Turkoman Roundtable", Chicago: Panelist ACOR II, 1994 Michael Rothberg

  • "Chodor Or Pseudo-Chodor?" Santa Monica: ACOR 3, 1996.

  • "Mystery of Baluch Prayer Rugs" Denver: ACOR4 Focus Session, 1998.

Rove, Karl.

Rowland, Benjamin, Jr.

  • Former acting curator of Oriental Art at the Fogg Museum, Harvard University.

  • Rowland, Benjamin, Jr. Gandhara Sculpture From Pakistan Museums. New York: Asia Society, 1960.

Roy, P.C.,

  • Roy, P.C., The Coinage of Northern India, (New Delhi: 1980).

  • Roy, P.C., The Coinage of Northern India, (New Delhi: 1980).

Royal Botanic Gardens Sydney

  • Royal Botanic Gardens Sydney / Oriental Rug Society of New South Wales. FLOWERS OF THE LOOM. 1990,

Roxburgh, David,

  • Roxburgh, David, “Our Works Point to Us:” Album Making, Collecting, and Art (1427-1565) under the Timurids and Safavids, Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Pennsylvania, (Philadelphia: 1996).


  • Shoulder-fired antitank rocket launchers that were originally developed in the former Soviet Union. China later made a higher powered rocket which was popular in the brushfire wars of the 1980s such as Afghanistan.


Rudenko, S.

Rudnick, Mitchell & Rosalie

  • New England rug collectors who also owned a vegetal dye kilim shop (now sold) in Sunapee, New Hampshire. The Rudnicks are known for their collection of rugs including some Caucasian rugs and for being active in the New England Rug Society.

  • 5 Star Guide To Oriental Rug Books

  • Mitchell & Rosalie Rudnick

  • "Memorable Rugs" Santa Monica: ACOR 3, 1996. (Rosalie Rudnick)

  • "Good Rug? Great Rug?" Denver: ACOR4 Focus Session, Panel, 1998. (Rosalie Rudnick)

  • "What's a Weaving Masterpiece?" Denver: ACOR4 Focus Session, 1998. (Rosalie Rudnick)


  • Bob Rue grew up around his fathers rug cleaning plant in Clear Water Florida. He attributes a lot of his success to the lessons he learned from the older Armenians and Turkish Jews who taught him rugs when he was a boy. He has operated the Sarouk Shop in New Orleans since 1974.

  • Rug & Carpet Dealers In The U.S.

Ru Korsi

  • A Ru Korsi is cloth cover used used as the decorative cover for a charcoal brazier.


  • 4 by 6 foot and smaller it is a rug and if it is over 4 by 6 feet   it is a carpet.

Rug Cleaning

Rug Warehouse

Ruggles, D. Fairchild.

  • Department of Near Eastern Studies, Cornell University

  • Bloom, Jonathan M. et al. The Minbar from the Kutubiyya Mosque. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art and Ediciones El Viso, Madrid, with Badi Palace, Marrakesh, and Ministry of Cultural Affairs, Kingdom of Morocco, 1998. 124 pp. ; 80 color ills. Review by D. Fairchild Ruggles,

Runge, Tad.


  • A runner is a carpet at least twice as long as it is wide and generally under 3 foot 6 inches wide. If it wider it is called a Gallery Carpet.

Ruprecht, William.

Russian Ethnography Museum
  • Also The Russian Ethnographic Museum.

  • The most Important Turkmen rug collections in the world. Includes the Dudin collection. While there are other important collections none matches the Russian Ethnography Museum for quality and information. Many of the pieces have a far more detailed provenance then is usual.

  • Address: 191011, Inzhenernaya Ulitsa 4/1, Saint Petersburg, Russia
    Metro: Nevsky Prospekt/Gostiny Dvor
    Tele: 219-1710
    Fax: 315-8502

  • Open Tuesday to Sunday, 11 am to 6 pm
    Closed Monday


  • Rustam was one of the mightiest hero of Persian legend. He is a principle character in the Shahnama

Rutherford, T.

  • Rutherford, T., Eiland, M.L., Shimkhada, D., Wright, N.H. Woven Jewels, Tibetian Rugs From Southern.

Rutschowscaya, M.-H.

  • Rutschowscaya, M.-H. COPTIC FABRICS. 1990,

Rutherford, Thomas.

  • Thomas Rutherford is a collector of Tibetan weavings living in Glendale, CA.

  • "Tibetan Rugs" Santa Monica: ACOR 3, 1996.

Ruthven, Peter.

  • Ruthven, Peter. "Two Metal Works of the Mamluk Period" in Ars Islamica. Vol. 1. 1934. 230-234.

Ryder, M.L.

  • Ryder is considered the authority on sheep and the interaction of man and sheep from the dawn of man.

  • Ryder, M.L. Sheep And Man. 1983, Duckworth.

  • 5 Star Guide To Oriental Rug Books

J. Barry O'Connell Jr.

Copyright Barry O'Connell 2004 - 2006.
Last revised: March 24, 2009.

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Turkmen Rugs

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