- Discussion - Yalameh Rugs - 02/20/2000
- One goal of the Pahlavid dynasty was the
forced settlement of tribes (mostly
Turkic) and their assimilation into a
Persian culture. This resulted in new rug
types. Yalameh was one of those groups.
The group borrows from Kashqai, Afshar,
Khamseh and Lur weaving. Because the
weavers are now settled in villages they
use larger better looms producing rugs up
to 6 by 10 that are finer then typical
for older rugs from that region. Wool
also was a factor in the change. since
the settlement separated the weaving
families from a grazing life settle the
weaver is now likely to buy her wool in
the local market. The use of finer
mill-spun yarn allows for finer rugs,
thinner yarn makes smaller knots. Colors
have changed as well. For instance yellow
and green are seen more frequently now
since the weavers are buying commercially
dyed yarn they have access to colors that
were more difficult previously. This
whole process is very similar to what
happened with the Timuri in Khorasan
about 100 years ago. The Timuri weavers
when they settled wove larger more
technically precise rugs with a greater
- W&W Yalameh
rug, C. 1930-50 lot 7
- Yanai, Yigal. Suzani, Central Asian
Embroideries ; Tel Aviv: 1986.
- Yarshater, Ehsan (ed.), Encyclopaedia
Iranica, (London: 1982 et seq.)
- Yassavoli, Djavad ed. An Introduction to
Persian Carpets, A Survey of the
Carpet-Weaving Industry of Persia ;
- In the Vietnam War and in the Afghan war,
villagers from remote areas told of the
yellow rain. Yellow rain is an anaerobic
toxin, that is initially yellow and then
turns to white powder. Yellow rain is
harmless by the second day and can not be
traced so even though we know it exists
and that it was in Soviet arsenals from
the late 1960's on, proving it was used
is almost impossible.
- Afghan War Rugs
- Georges Yeremian is one of the top carpet
dealers in Toronto, Ontario. He is well
known for his involvement with the
Armenian Rug Society. Mr. Yeremian is a
gentleman, someone whose opinions I
& Carpet Dealers Outside The U.S.
- Re: Quest for a Serafian Rug
- Yetkin, Serare. Historical Turkish
- Yetkin, Serare. Early
Caucasian Carpets in Turkey. London:
- Yetkin, S. :
Some new Figural Stucco and Stone relief
Found RK Konya. On appraisal of their
place in Turkish kind in Anatolia. Vol. 2
of Documents of the Vl. Internal.
Congress for Turkish Art Munich, 3. to
7.Sept.1979. Given change of H.G. Majer,
K. Kreiser, M. Restle and J. Zick
Zick-Nissen, 3 volumes with 671 sides
text and 590 fig. Munich 1987. ISBN:
Wing bones from large
birds have been found in Archeological
digs in Kurdistan dating back 10,800
years. Izady speculates a connection to
the Cult of Angels religions of the
The Kurds. Pg. 21.
Since Peacocks are not
native to Kurdistan or the Caucasus Izady
speculates that the so-called Peacocks
are actually the Great Bustard once found
in the region. The great bustard had
multicolored tail feathers but shorter
than a peacocks and more like a Turkey's.
The Kurds. Pg. 156.
Yezidism is one of the
three Kurdish religions commonly called
the Cult of Angels. Malak Tawas or
Lucifer as we know him was the first
Archangel of the Great Creating Spirit or
God as we know him. Malak Tawas was given
dominion over earth. He is often
represented as a great bird usually
called a peacock but Izady speculates the
bird is actually a great bustard. Izady,
The Kurds. Pg. 156.
Alevism is one of the
three Kurdish religions commonly called
the Cult of Angels. The are also called
the "deifiers of Ali" and
suggest that Ali and Mohammed were
temporal manifestations of the same
spirit being which they refer to as
Alimohammed. Shah Ismail would refer to
himself as Alimohammad suggesting his own
The Kurds. Pg. 150.
The Yezidi cap is the
same as the Mithras cap. Izady,
The Kurds. Pg. 260
Ralph S. (Deceased)
- Ralph Yohe (Deceased), Madison,
- Well known dog breeder and agricultural
expert, as well as journalist and editor
of the Wisconsin Agriculturist.
- Traveled extensively in the Middle East
and North Africa and gained first-hand
knowledge of most of the rug producing
countries. Interested in the rugs and
flatwoven objects of the nomad and
peasant populations of Turkey and Iran. .
- Trustee of the Textile Museum,
- Participated in field study of weaving
villages in Turkey which resulted in the
book "Flowers of the Yayla"
with Tony Landreau.
- Extensively studied Moroccan rugs on site
with the legendary William
Russell Pickering as well as
Russell's daughter Brooke
- The Joseph V.
Brooke, Pickering, W. Russell, Yohe,
Ralph S. "Moroccan Carpets"
W. Russell. "don't forget to smell
the flowers along the way"s.
H. McCoy. and Yohe, Ralph S. Turkish Rugs.
- Yuruk: The Nomadic Weaving Traditions in
the Middle East, Catalogue of an
Exhibition, with A. Landreau and R.
Tschebull, Pittsburgh, 1978.
- Ralph S. Yohe,"Moroccan Rugs".
Washington DC: ICOC 1980.
- Ralph S. Yohe, "Fieldwork In Eastern
Anatolia". Washington DC: ICOC 1980.
- Guide to Yomut
- Yomut is also another common spelling.
Yomud is a dialect of Turkmen a Turkic
language. Yomud is the dialect the
Russians used for publishing in Turkmen
so many people assume it was the chief
Turkmen dialect. The facts do not bear
- As weavers the Yomud use the widest range
of colors and are likely to use various
shades of browns and reddish browns.
- In color usage bright red is seen as a
sign of age. A dark blue outer guard and
a lighter blue inner guard is also seen
as a sign of age.
- The Yomud consist of the Atabey and the
Jafarbey tribes. They are mostly settled
very few are still migratory herders.
- Ramzi Yousef was al-Qaeda
operative who in the late 1980s worked
with the Abu
Sayyaf Group to blow up airliners in
the Phillipines. Ramzi Yousef was later
jailed for his role in bombing the World
Trade Center in 1993.
Jackson, "Andy". Jr,
- Male Afro-American born in New Orleans in
march 12, 1932.
- Civil-rights activist in the 1960s.
- Georgia congressman 1973-77.
- Permanent representative (Ambassador) to
the United Nations 1977-79
- Young, Andrew Jackson, Jr.
- Mayor of Atlanta 1982-89
- Ran for and lost the Democratic
nomination for Governor of Georgia in
- Yuan Dynasty (Mongol) (1279 - 1368)
- The Yuan were the descendents of Cengiz
Qan by way of his grandson Kubila Qan.
While Chinese apologists like to portray
the Yuan as more of an army of occupation
than a true dynasty it was a period of
great artistic achievement. With all Asia
open to trade and travel there were rapid
exchanges of design and technique. China
gained from the cross-pollination with
West Asia and the Middle East.
- Beijing Opera was invented during the
- The Yuan overthrew the Sung Dynasty.
- Oy (Yurt)
- Yurt is often used to describe a round
wooden ribbed felt covered portable
house. In some usage’s it also
refers to that which the man controls. In
that context Yurt means home family,
livestock and land. In Il-Khanid times
the Il-Khans yurt was all of Persia. The
felt is sheep's wool.